USH Vocabulary

By Luis Escalante

Spoils System

Definition-The Spoils System was the name given to the practice of hiring and firing federal workers when presidential administrations changed in the 19th century.


Outside Source- If a political party wins they'll get rewarded but if they lose they risk a chance of getting fired. If they don't see you helping the party they'll fire you and replace you with someone else.

Pendleton Act

This law allowed the president to decide which federal jobs would be filled according to rules laid down by a bipartisan Civil Service Commission.


Outside Source- A portion of all government jobs were only based in merit. This made the Civil Service Commission change their way of evaluating job applicants.

Party of morality

The republicans were also seen as the party of reform because they supported abolition.


Interstate Commerce Commission

This act was the first federal law designed to regulate interstate commerce.


Sherman Antitrust Act

A collection of federal and state government laws that regulates the conduct and organization of business corporations, generally to promote fair competition for the benefit of consumers

Populism

The movement to increase farmers’ political power and to work for legislation in their interest.


Outside Source- Farmers protested against the impact it had in the Industrialization after the civil war ended. The farmers formed their own political party.

The Grange

Kelley founded the nation’s first national farm organization,the Patrons of Husbandry.


Outside Source- It was made to help the agricultural advance the social and economic needs of a farmer. The falling of crop prices and increases of railroad fees made Kelley make the organization.

16th Amendment

Allows the federal United States government to collect an income tax from all Americans.


Primary Source- "February 3, 1913. Wyoming becomes the last of the three-fourths states needed to ratify the Sixteenth Amendment" This gave congress the legally act in a permanent income tax.

William Jennings Bryan

He was only 36 years old when the Democrats and Populists nominated him for president

Jim Crow Laws

State and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States.

Ida B. Wells

A women who strived for African American justice.

17th Amendment

United states senators are elected by the people of their states.


Primary Source-This gave people the right for voters to cast direct votes to U.S Senators. "Passed by Congress May 13, 1912, and ratified April 8, 1913, the 17th amendment modified Article I, section 3, of the Constitution by allowing voters to cast direct votes for U.S. Senators."

18th Amendment

This unpopular amendment banned the sale and drinking of alcohol in the United States.


Primary Source- " Dec. 5 1933, the 18th Amendment was repealed, bringing national alcohol prohibition to an end" This amendment was a huge failure.

19th Amendment

The 19th amendment is a very important amendment to the constitution as it gave women the right to vote in 1920.


Primary Source- "The right of

citizens of the United States to vote shall

not be denied or abridged by the United

States or by any State on account of sex." All the women can vote.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory

A factory that burnt down in 1911 and killed 145 workers. Most of the people that worked their died because some door wouldn't open up.