Indian Subcontinent Gains Freedom

Chapter 18 Section 1 By Emily Bivona

After World War II in India

Fighting the various dictators in the second World War made European nations realize that they were being hypocritical in their policy of colonization; plus, maintaining colonies was majorly expensive and the colonies' inhabitants began demanding independence. The British had ruled India for nearly two hundred years. India's political parties, the Muslim League and Congress Party, began to feud a bit. The Muslim Party protected the Muslim interests in India, while the Congress Party, India's national political party, was mostly Hindu and the majority party. The Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, wanted no part in an India ruled by a Hindu-dominated Congress Party. A partition was given to India to divide it into separate Hindu and Muslim nations.

More On Pakistan/Bangladesh

In 1971, East Pakistan became Bangladesh and broke ties with West Pakistan. This led to a war. Bangladesh has a ruined economy where it faces crippling natural disasters often. It is also one of the poorest countries in the world, as well as Pakistan. Its annual per capita income is just $360 a year. Here is a link to more information on just about everything in the way of Bangladesh: Click here for more info about Bangladesh.

Instability In Pakistan

Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the first governor/general of Pakistan, died shortly after their independence. Beginning in 1958, Pakistan went through a series of military coups. Ali Bhutto took control of the country following their civil war. A military coup in 1977 led by General Zia removed Bhutto, who later was executed for crimes allegedly committed while in office. After General Zia's death, Bhutto's daughter, Benazir Bhutto, was twice elected prime minister. However, she was removed from office in 1996. Click here for more info on Pakistan.
Indian History in 5 minutes