Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle Cell Anemia is a disease passed down through genes that causes the red blood cells to be a cresent shape. These blood cells stick together while moving through blood vessels and block them. This usually causes organ damage and in some cases, organ failure. People with SCA will have pain, fatigue, infection more often, and they may not grow as fast as their peers. There is no way to prevent SCA but couples may meet with a genetic counselor to learn about their chances of having a kid with SCA. There are no cures but there are treatments that can improve symptoms and expand life expectancy. Most kids take penicilin but some need blood transfusions. In some cases bone marrow transplants may cure it.