Mount Vesuvius eruption

Are you a student wanting to learn more about pompeii and horrifying incident that happened there? Before you go to a museum or even go visit pompeii, here are some facts you may want to know:

What volcano erupted and when?

One summer, thousands of years ago a volcano erupted destroying the entire city of Pompeii. A scientific article stated, "On a fateful summer morning in A.D. 79 Mount Vesuvius buried the vibrant Roman city of Pompeii—and many of its citizens—beneath tons of volcanic ash and debris(Owens). This tells people that Mount Vesuvius was the horrifying volcano that erupted in A.D 79.

How was the ancient city of Pompeii destroyed? (What happened and how was it related to plate tectonics?)

A "firestorm" of poisonous vapors and molten debris engulfed the surrounding area suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman resort cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. Tons of falling debris filled the streets until nothing remained to be seen of the once thriving communities. The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavation began in 1748. These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire(loeb). This quote from Nathan Loeb tells how Pompeii was destroyed because of a volcano erupting and causing ash and depree to kill many people in the city.

How do plates tie into this disaster?

Under Vesuvius, scientists have detected a tear in the African plate. This “slab window” allows heat from the Earth’s mantle layer to melt the rock of the African plate building up pressure that causes violent explosive eruptions. In the past, Mount Vesuvius has had a roughly 20-year eruption cycle, but the last serious eruption was in 1944(bagley). This should tell you how the disaster in Pompeii started and what caused Mount vesuvius to explode and erupt.

How did the volcanic disaster in the ancient city of Pompeii enrich our knowledge about ancient culture?

When a group of explorers rediscovered the site in 1748, they were surprised to find that–underneath a thick layer of dust and debris–Pompeii was mostly intact. The buildings, artifacts and skeletons left behind in the buried city have taught us a great deal about everyday life in the ancient world(owens). This text changed our knowledge on a place that went completely extinct called pompeii. We didn't know the destruction of it till explores finally found this hidden city.

Diagrams and pictures what you will be visiting or seeing in a musium:

Still interested in going to pompeii?

Are people still cleaning Pompeii from the destruction or are they leaving is be?

Even after hundreds of years of work, about a third of the city still lies buried. Yet there is no rush to unearth these hidden Pompeii neighborhoods(Owens). This shows that people know that a huge part of their city is still being destroyed and they have no plan to change that.

How long did this this tragedy last?

The pumice and ash fell for eighteen hours straight and chaos continued through the night into the following morning. Those citizens fortunate enough to flee accounted for almost all of the survivors. After the onslaught of explosions, twelve feet of pumice and ash covered Pompeii(loeb). This shows just how tragic this was and how it really ruined many people's lives and homes.

What is the current update on Mount Vesuvius?

Since 1944, there have been hundreds of minor earthquakes in the region around Mount Vesuvius. The most serious earthquake rocked Naples in October 1999. The magnitude-3.6 quake was felt as far as 15 miles (24 km) from the base of the volcano and was of the same magnitude as a quake that occurred 17 years prior to the last truly major explosion that devastated Naples in 1631(Bagley). This tells us that even today Pompeii continues to be in danger of Mount vesuvius because to this day it still erupts occasionally.

Picture and Text Citations:

"Ancient Roman Life Preserved at Pompeii -- National Geographic." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

"The Destruction of Pompeii, 79 AD." The Destruction of Pompeii, 79 AD. Eyewitness to History, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.

Loeb, Alex. "Mount Vesuvius." Mount Vesuvius. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.

Bagley, Mary. "Mount Vesuvius & Pompeii: Facts & History." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 13 Mar. 2013. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.

Clements, Michael. "AD79eruption." AD79eruption. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2016.