Climate Geography of North America
A humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa or Cwa) is a zone of subtropical climate characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. Under the Köppen climate definition, this category of climate type covers a broad range of attributes, especially in terms of winter temperatures. The term "subtropical" may be a misnomer for locations along the cooler ranges.
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A semi-arid climate or steppe climate describes climatic regions that receive precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not extremely. A more precise definition is given by the Köppen climate classification that treats steppe climates (BSk and BSh) as intermediates between desert climates (BW) and humid climates in ecological characteristics and agricultural potential. Semi-arid climates tend to support short or scrubby vegetation, with semi-arid areas usually dominated by either grasses or shrubs.
Animal Source: http://rrms-biomes.tripod.com/id8.html
Desert climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh and BWk, sometimes also BWn), also known as an arid climate, is a climate that does not meet the criteria to be classified as a polar climate, and in which precipitation is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or at most a very scanty scrub.
Animal Source: http://room42.wikispaces.com/Desert+Animals
In the Köppen climate classification, the alpine climate is part of "Group E", along with the polar climate, where no month has a mean temperature higher than 10 °C (50 °F). Certain highland climates can also fit under the hemiboreal climate or semi-arid climate groups of climate classification.
An oceanic climate (also known as marine, west coast and maritime) is the climate typical of the west coasts at the middle latitudes of most continents, and generally features warm, but not hot summers and cool, but not cold winters, and a relatively narrow annual temperature range. It typically lacks a dry season, as precipitation is more evenly dispersed throughout the year. It is the predominant climate type across much of Europe, in coastal northwestern North America, portions of southwestern South America and small areas of Africa, in southeast Australia, and New Zealand, as well as isolated locations elsewhere.
Animal Source: http://www.mexfish.com/fish/calsealion/calsealion.htm
A Mediterranean climate is the climate typical of the Mediterranean Basin, and is a particular variety of subtropical climate. The lands around the Mediterranean Sea form the largest area where this climate type is found, but it also prevails in much of California, in parts of Western and South Australia, in southwestern South Africa, sections of Central Asia, and in parts of central coastal Chile.
The humid tropical climate is characterised by season-long precipitation, which is particularly intensive during the so called rain season in the spring and in the autumn (when the sun stands directly above the equator).
Source: uk.weather.com/climate weather.com
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".
Animal Source: http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/9k.html
The subarctic climate (also called boreal climate) is a climate characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers.
Animal Picture: http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/arctic/snowyowl.html