Clio Carter Middle School

5th-8th Grade Academic Vocabulary (Adopted 1/19/2015)

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Carter Middle School Tier II Vocabulary (By Teachers' Rankings)

Based on the Common Core

Adapt 17

Analyze 17

Apply 17

Calculate 17

Classify 17

Combine 17

Compare 17

Contrast 17

Defend 17

Determine 17

Develop 17

Diagram 17

Examine 17

Experiment 17

Explain 17

Express 17

Illustrate 17

Interpret 17

Introduce 17

Investigate 17

Organize 17

Predict 17

Reflect 17

Reread 17

Respond 17

Simplify 17

Summarize 17

Support 17

Verify 17

Assess 16

Categorize 16

Chart 16

Clarify 16

Comprehend 16

Conclude 16

Connect 16

Consider 16

Construct 16

Convert 16

Demonstrate 16

Describe 16

Draft 16

Edit 16

Elaborate 16

Estimate 16

Evaluate 16

Expand 16

Explore 16

Form 16

Generate 16

Graph 16

Hypothesize 16

Justify 16

Label 16

List 16

Locate 16

Model 16

Observe 16

Persuade 16

Produce 16

Prove 16

Rearrange 16

Recall 16

Reference 16

Research 16

Revise 16

State 16

Substitute 16

Answer 15

Cite 15

Compose 15

Critique 15

Design 15

Distinguish 15

Emphasize 15

Imagine 15

Improve 15

Infer 15

Measure 15

Paraphrase 15

Participate 15

Prepare 15

Present 15

Reason 15

Record 15

Represent 15

Search 15

Select 15

Specify 15

Symbolize 15

Achieve 14

Approximate 14

Arrange 14

Associate 14

Check 14

Choose 14

Communicate 14

Confirm 14

Contribute 14

Create 14

Establish 14

Gather 14

Generalize 14

Integrate 14

Interact 14

Listen 14

Match 14

Navigate 14

Note 14

Publish 14

Recognize 14

Redo 14

Refer 14

Relate 14

Replace 14

Report 14

Revisit 14

Solve 14

Translate 14

Accomplish 13

Acquire 13

Anticipate 13

Claim 13

Compile 13

Compute 13

Conduct 13

Disagree 13

Engage 13

Figure out 13

Identity 13

Inform 13

Judge 13

Manipulate 13

Modify 13

Name 13

Narrate 13

Plan 13

Problem Solve 13

Retell 13

Sort 13

Strengthen 13

Understand 13

Acknowledge 12

Argue 12

Decide 12

Differentiate 12

Map 12

Plagiarize 12

Qualify 12

Repeat 12

Rewrite 12

Study 12

Synthesize 12

Test 12

Update 12

Challenge 11

Encounter 11

Incorporate 11

Notice 11

Request 11

Shape 11

Share 11

Adjust 10

Advance 10

Ask 10

Convey 10

Depict 10

Diagnose 10

Initiate 10

Link 10

Monitor 10

Persevere 10

Probe 10

Quantify 10

Recount 10

Transform 10

Alter 9

Appreciate 9

Discriminate 9

Enhance 9

Find Out 9

Gauge 9

Refine 9

Seek 9

Broaden 8

Collaborate 8

Conceptualize 8

Decompose 8

Derive 8

Detectc 8

Execute 8

Resolve 8

Self-correct 8

Attend 7

Build 7

Deduce 7

Deepen 7

Promote 7

Shift 7

Trace 7

Capture 6

Consult 6

Define 6

Overcome 6

Stimulate 5

Contextualize 4

Employ 4

Exemplify 4

Pose 4

Accentuate 3

Articulate 3

Assert 3

Conform 3

Conjecture 2

Decontextualize 2

Evoke 2

Orient 2

Partition 2

Tailor 2

Act Out 1

Delineate 1

Elicit 1

Surmount 1

Discern 0

Grapple 0

5th Grade ELA Tier III Vocabulary

Reading

Generalization

Inference

Prior Knowledge

Plot

Characters

Setting

Character traits

Motivation

Conflict

Climax

Resolution

Theme

Summary

Point of View

First person

Second person

Third person

Figurative Language

Simile

Metaphor

Alliteration

Idiom

Personification

Hyperbole/Informational Reading

Poetry

Stanza

Drama

Dialogue

Lines

Compare

Contrast

Main Idea

Supporting Details

Sequence

Cause/Effects

Reference Materials

Dictionary

Encyclopedia

Atlas

Opinion

Fact

Evidence

Context Clues

Antonym

Synonym

Restatement

Homographs

Prefix/Suffix

Adage

Proverb

Writing/Grammar

Verb

Past Tense

Present Tense

Future Tense

Noun

Common Noun

Proper Noun

Plural Noun

Singular Noun

Syllable

Comma

Exclamation

Comma

Quotation Marks

Conjunctions

Preposition

Run-on sentence

Sentence Fragment

Subject

Predicate

Adjective

Adverb

Declarative

Imperative

Interrogative

Exclamatory

Complete Subject

Simple Subject

Simple Predicate

Subjects in Imperative Sentences

Thesaurus

Capitalizing Proper Nouns

Abbreviations

Possessive Nouns

Action Verbs

Linking Verbs

Main and Helping Verbs

Irregular Verbs

Troublesome Verb Pairs

Prefixes

Pronouns

Homophones

Compounds

Parts of Speech

Personal Narrative

Literary Essay

Information Essay

Persuasive Essay

5th Grade Math Tier III Vocabulary

Equivalent Acute

Compare Algebraic Expression

Whole Angle

Denominator Area

Value Base

Improper Fraction Benchmark

Decimal Compatible Number

Part Dividend/Divisor/Quotient

Mixed Number Equation

Reduced/Simplify Expanded Form

Lowest Term Height

Common Multiple Expression

GCF Evaluate

Factor Inequality

Convert LCD

Order of Operations LCM

Period Like/Unlike Terms

Perpendicular Parallel Lines

Ratio Reciprocal

Right/Obtuse Round/Estimate

Side Solve

Standard Form Word Form

Variable Vertex

5th Grade Science Tier III Vocabulary

acceleration

heredity

deceleration

inertia

multicellular

Newton’s Laws of Motion

revolution/orbit

rotation

characteristics of life

classification

body systems (respiratory, circulatory, skeletal, muscular, excretory, digestive, etc.)

inherited characteristic

acquired trait

cell

organism

mass

relative position

conservation of energy

light year

galaxy

gene

6th Grade ELA Tier III Vocabulary


analysis

anecdotal evidence

argument/persuasion

audience

author’s purpose

cause and effect (text structure)

central idea

character motivation

character traits

chronology

citation

citing sources

compare

conclude

contrast

credible sources

debatable claim

dialogue

direct quotes

drafting

elaboration

essay

evaluation

evidence

fact vs. opinion

factual

fluency

formal style

inference

issue

"Just Right" books

narrative

narrator

paraphrasing

personal narrative

plot

point of view

problem

purpose

reflection

relevance

research

revision

scenes

sequence

setting

stamina

structure

summary

tension

text features

text structures

textual evidence

textual evidence

theme

tone

topic viability

transitions

valid reasoning

5th Grade Social Studies Tier III Vocabulary

popular sovereignty

Constitution

Preamble

laws

rule of law

Unit 1, Lesson 2

separation of powers

branches of government

legislative branch

executive branch

judicial branch

articles

checks and balances

veto

override

limited government

Unit 1, Lesson 3

federalism

federal government

state government

Unit 1, Lesson 4

individual rights

amendment

Bill of Rights

Unit 2, Lesson 1

history

historian

primary sources

secondary sources

chronological order

timeline

century

point of view

cause

effect

Unit 2, Lesson 2

organizational features

graphic features

text features

text structures

Unit 2, Lesson 3

geography

five themes of geography

region

culture

human/environment interaction

adapting to the natural environment

Unit 5, Lesson 2

power

authority

independence

proclamation

Unit 5, Lesson 3

writs of assistance

representative government

quarter

Unit 5, Lesson 4

import

boycott

Committee of Correspondence

grievances

government by consent

right to petition

repeal

loyalists

patriots

Circular Letter

Unit 5, Lesson 5

massacre

monopoly

Unit 5, Lesson 6

freedom of assembly

militia

Minutemen

Unit 6, Lesson 1

revolution

petition

mercenary

Unit 6, Lesson 2

public opinion

Declaration of Independence

Unit 6, Lesson 3

natural rights

equality

unalienable rights

Unit 6, Lesson 4

advantage

disadvantage

Unit 6, Lesson 5

historical empathy

historical perspective

neutral

Unit 6, Lesson 6

turning point

five themes of geography

region

human/environment interaction

adapting to the natural environment

modifying the natural environment

Unit 2, Lesson 4

confederation

Unit 2, Lesson 5

empire

vegetation region

savanna

tropical rainforest

Islam

Muslim

archaeology

artifacts

oral history

griot

Unit 2, Lesson 6

Vikings

explorational

political

merchant

profit

technology

navigation

astrolabe

Unit 2, Lesson 7

encounter

Unit 2, Lesson 8

exchange

slavery

The Colombian Exchange

Unit 3, Lesson 1

push factors

pull factors

colony

settlement

plantation

fort

Unit 3, Lesson 2

joint-stock company

the Virginia Company

charter

indentured servant

Jamestown

cash crop

surrender

Unit 7, Lesson 1

Sovereign

Articles of Confederation

government by consent

republic

Unit 7, Lesson 2

Constitution

Unit 7, Lesson 3

compromise

Senate

House of Representatives

abolition

Unit 7, Lesson 4

federalism

Unit 7, Lesson 5

ratify

Federalists

Anti-federalists

Bill of Rights

Unit 7, Lesson 7

public issue

definitional issue

factual issue

core democratic values

legislature

House of Burgesses

Unit 2, Lesson 3

royal colony

proprietor

proprietory colony

Southern Colonies

Unit 2, Lesson 4

Pilgrims

freedom of religion

compact

Mayflower Compact

core democratic values

the common good

self-rule

Unit 3, Lesson 5

Puritans

Unit 3, Lesson 6

Quakers

Unit 3, Lesson 7

Middle Colonies

Unit 3, Lesson 9

contradiction

perspective

treaty

Unit 4, Lesson 1

New England Colonies

geographer

political scientist

anthropologist

Unit 4, Lesson 5

Triangular Trade

Middle Passage

Unit 4, Lesson 6

discrimination

archaeology

Unit 4, Lesson 7

economics

natural resources

specialization

human resources

Unit 4, Lesson 8

town meetings

Unit 5, Lesson 1

the French and Indian War

allies

treaty

6th Grade Social Studies Tier III Vocabulary


Unit 1 Vocabulary – The Foundations of World Geography

Lesson 1
1. Geography – the study of the Earth and the ways people interact with the Earth
2. Physical geography – the study of the natural characteristics of Earth
3. Human geography – the study of the ways people interacts with the Earth
4. Spatial scale – the different sized “containers” or ways to group places together to organized investigations into human activities
Lesson 2
5. Geographic inquiry – the method for investigating geographic problems and issues
Lesson 3
6. Geographic representation – a description or portrayal of the Earth or parts of the Earth
7. Map – a visual representation of an area
8. Globe – a spherical, or ball-shaped, model of the entire planet
9. Global Positioning System (GPS) – a system that uses a network of earth-orbiting satellites to pinpoint absolute location
10. Global Information Systems (GIS) – computer or Internet-based mapping technology
Lesson 4
11. Five Themes of Geography – an organizing framework for geographic inquiry
Lesson 5
12. Historian – a social scientist who is trained to study and write about the past
13. Political scientist – a social scientist who is trained to study government and citizenship
14. Economist – a social scientist who is trained to study the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
15. Anthropologist – a social scientist who is trained to study the cultural development of humans
16. Sociologist – a social scientist who is trained to study human societies and how humans organized in groups
Lesson 6
17. Global – worldwide or involving most of the Earth
Lesson 7
18. Organizational features – things that can help a reader make effective use of a textbook
19. Graphic features – visuals that enhance the text of a textbook
20. Text features – things that can help a reader understand what they read
Unit 2 Vocabulary – The World in Spatial Terms
Lesson 1
1. Geographic representation – a description or portrayal of the Earth or parts of the Earth
2. Map – a visual representation of an area
3. Tsunami – a large tidal wave produced after an earthquake has occurred
4. Thematic or special purpose maps – a map made to reflect particular information about a geographic area
5. Political map – a thematic (special purpose) map that shows political boundaries
6. Physical map – a thematic (special purpose) map that shows the major physical features of a place
Lesson 2
7. Relative location – where a place is located in relation to other places
8. Absolute location – specific location of a place
9. Equator – the line of latitude that circles Earth halfway between the North and South Poles
10. Lines of Latitude – imaginary lines that show distances north or south of the equator
11. Prime Meridian – the line of longitude that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwich, England
12. Lines of longitude – imaginary lines that show distances east or west of the prime meridian
Lesson 3
13. Cartographer – a geographer who makes maps
14. Distortion – loss of accuracy
15. Projection – a way to map our round Earth on a flat surface
Lesson 5
16. Region – an area with at least one characteristic or feature that sets it apart from other areas
17. Hemisphere – a region created when the Earth is divided in half
18. Continent – a large unbroken land mass surrounded by water
Lesson 6
19. Floodplain – flat land along a river that is prone to flooding
20. Typhoon – a tropical cyclone that occurs in the western Pacific region and Indian Ocean
Lesson 7
21. Physical processes – natural forces that can be explained scientifically and that produce change or development on Earth
22. Natural hazard – when physical forces create an extreme event that is somewhat unpredictable and that may have a negative effect on people
23. The four elements – fire, earth, air and water
Lesson 8
24. Mitigation – to make something less harsh, severe, or violent
25. Preparedness – a state of full readiness, ready for action
26. Building codes – a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed structures
Lesson 9
27. Risk factors – a condition that influences the likelihood of an event
28. Exposure – the condition of not being protected
29. Coping – managing external and internal demands that tax or exceed the resources of the person
30. Adapt – to change so as to fit a new situation
31. Susceptibility – lack of ability to resist some outside force
32. Vulnerability – the extent to which a country, area, community or structure risks being damaged by a disaster
33. Developing country – a non-modernized and poor country that has created an industrial base
Unit 3 Vocabulary – Population and Migration
Lesson 1
1. Demography – the study of population patterns and change
2. Population – all the people of a particular area
3. Population density – the number of people in a defined area such as a square mile
4. Population distribution – the pattern, or spread, of people in a given area
5. Cartogram – a type of map used to present statistical information
Lesson 2
6. Birth rate – the number of births each year per 1,000 people
7. Death rate – the number of deaths each year per 1,000 people
8. Census – the periodic count of a nation’s population by its government
9. Rate of natural increase – the birth rate minus the death rate expressed as a percentage
10. Migration – the movement of people
11. Fertility rate – the average number of children per woman
Lesson 3
12. Demographic transition theory/model – describes the stages countries go through as birth and death rates change over time
13. More developed nations – a country with a highly developed economy, including significant industrial and service sectors of the economy
14. Less developed nations – a fairly poor country with an agriculturally-based economy
15. Standard of living – the level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a person, group or society
Lesson 4
16. Population pyramid – pyramid-shaped diagram that shows the age and male/female distribution of a population, with the youngest are represented by a rectangle at the top base and the oldest by one at the top
17. Dependent population – those people that rely on others for support for the goods and services they consume, usually the very young and very old
Lesson 5
18. Immigration – the process of entering on country to take up permanent or semi-permanent residence
19. Emigration – the process of leaving one country to take up permanent or semi-permanent residence
20. Net migration – the net effect of immigration and emigration on an area’s population in a given period
21. Push factors – factors that push people out of one place to another place
22. Pull factors – factors that pull, or attract, people to move to a place
23. Refugee – a person who has been forced to leave his/her country in order to escape war, persecution or natural disaster
Lesson 6
24. Archaeologist – social scientists that study ancient cultures through the examination of artifacts, buildings, and other remaining material evidence
25. Artifacts – material evidence from the past that are left for us to study
26. Theory – an accepted explanation supported by evidence
27. Oral tradition – history that is passed down through generations by mouth
Lesson 7
28. Urbanization – the movement of people from rural to urban areas
29. Megacity – a city with over 10 million people
30. Slum – a run-down area of a city with inadequate housing and lack of services such as water and sanitation
Unit 4 Vocabulary – Culture
Lesson 1
1. Culture – the mix of values, beliefs, behaviors, and material objects that reflect the way of life of a particular nation or group of people
2. Cultural components – attributes that vary from culture to culture, including religion, language, architecture and food
3. Behaviors – a person’s actions or conduct
4. Rituals – behaviors done according to religious or social laws or customs
5. Beliefs – something accepted as true by an individual or group
6. Values – principles or standards considered worthwhile or desirable
7. Tradition – a system of beliefs, values, and practices passed down within a culture
8. Aesthetic – relating to beauty or the appreciation of beauty
9. Cultural universals – learned behavior patterns that are shared by all of humanity collectively
Lesson 2
10. Institution – an organization founded for a religious education, social or similar purpose
11. Proverb – a short well-known expression that states a general truth or gives advice
12. Taboo – a custom prohibiting or restricting a particular practice
Lesson 3
13. Cultural adaptation – patterns of behavior that enable a culture to cope with its surroundings or when an individual modifies his/her customs to fit in to a particular culture
14. Cultural ecology – the study of a culture’s interactions with its physical environment
15. Steppe – a dry, grass-covered plain
16. Arable land – land suited to agriculture
17. Continental climate – a climate with hot summers and cold winters, found only in the Northern Hemisphere
18. Nomadic – people who move from one place to another rather than settling permanently in one location
Lesson 4
19. Cultural landscape – the visible features of an area of land as modified by humans showing the imprint of a cultural group
Lesson 5
20. Cultural change – a shift that may occur within a culture, usually as a result of outside countries
21. Cultural train – an idea or way of doing things that is common in a certain culture
22. Cultural diffusion – the spread of cultural traits from one culture to another
23. Cultural hearth – a place where cultural traits develop
Lesson 6
24. Barrier – something that inhibits or prevents the spread or passage
Lesson 7
25. Fad – short-lived, highly popular and widespread activities, styles, objects or ideas
Lesson 8
26. Globalization – the process by which people, businesses, and countries throughout the world become more connected and interdependent, often resulting in more similarities
27. Factors - one of the elements contributing to a particular result or situation
Lesson 10
28. Global problem – a problem that affects the whole of the planet or recurs in many different places on earth
Unit 5 Vocabulary – Human/Environment Interaction
Lesson 1
1. Human/environment interaction – the geographic theme that explores how people use, adapt to, and modify the environment
Lesson 2
2. Natural resources – any physical environmental item that people perceive to be useful
3. Renewable natural resources – natural resources that Earth or people can replace
4. Non-renewable natural resources – natural resources that cannot be replaced in a relatively short period of time
5. Fossil fuels – a natural source that stores potential energy and that is formed from the remains of once living organisms
6. Mineral resources – natural resources found o and in the Earth’s crust that include metals, nonmetals, and fuels
Lesson 3
7. Extraction – the removal of natural resources from the environment
8. Consumption – the use of natural resources or products
9. Life cycle of a product – the stages a product goes through from extraction of resources to disposal
Lesson 4
10. Nuclear energy – power created by splitting atoms apart or combining atoms together
11. Uranium – a fuel used to create nuclear energy
12. Biomass – renewable energy from plants and animals
13. Geothermal energy – heat from within the Earth
14. Hydropower – energy created using water
15. Greenhouse gases – chemical compounds found in the Earth’s atmosphere
Lesson 5
16. Climate change – changes in Earth’s climate caused by global warming
Lesson 6
17. Modification of the environment – changes in the environment that result from humans interacting with the environment
Lesson 7
18. Mountaintop removal – a surface mining technique in which explosives are used to remove large areas of mountaintops in order to access underlying coal seams
19. Deforestation – the cutting, clearing and removal of trees in a forest
20. Acid rain – a broad term that refers to a mixture of wet and dry deposited material from the atmosphere containing higher than normal amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids
21. Ozone – a gas that occurs naturally in our atmosphere
22. Ozone layer – a region located in the atmosphere several miles above the surface of the Earth
23. Ocean acidification – the process by which oceans are becoming more acidic
Lesson 8
24. Pollution – the presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects

6th Grade Math Tier III Vocabulary


absolute value

algebraic expression

Average Speed

center

circumference

Coefficient

Commission

Common Factor

Common Multiple

composite number

consecutive

Coordinate plane

Coordinates

cube number

cube root

Dependent variable

diameter

Discount

equation

Equivalent expressions

Equivalent Ratio

Evaluate

even

Expand

exponent

factors

frequency

greatest common factor

height

histogram

improper fraction

Independent variable

inequality

interest

Interest rate

least common multiple

Like terms

linear graph

Markup

mean

median

mixed number

mode

multiple

negative number

number line

Numerical Expression

odd

Opposite

outliers

percent

polygon

positive number

prime factorization

prime number

quadrants

radius

range

rate

Ratio

reciprocal

Sale Tax

semicircle

simplification

Solution

Speed

square

surface area

symmetrical

term

Unit Rate (unit size)

whole number

X-axis

y-axis

6th Grade Science Tier III Vocabulary

Ecosystem

Biotic components

Abiotic components

Population

Community

Producers

Consumers

Decomposers

Bacteria

Fungus

Parasite

Predator

Prey

Symbiosis

Competition

Pollution

Resource depletion

Species extinction

Habitat

Niche

Energy Transfer

Heat Transfer

States of Matter

Conduction

Convection

Radiation

Kinetic Energy

Potential Energy

Mass

Matter

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Boiling Point

Condensation

Freezing Point

Evaporation

Sublimation

Deposition

Conservation of Energy

Igneous

Metamorphic

Sedimentary

Rock Cycle

Erosion

Weathering

Soils

Abrasion

Thermal Expansion

Thermal Contraction

Glaciers

Particle Size: Gravel, Sand, Silt, Clay

Organic Material

Plate Tectonics

Earthquakes

Volcanic Eruptions

Mountain Building

Lithosphere, Crust, Upper Mantle

Fossils

Relative Dating

7th Grade ELA Tier III Vocabulary

New Terms from Marzano & CCSS


accuracy

alternate claim

analogy

analysis

author's purpose

bibliography

cite/citation

clarification

climax

compare/contrast

compound-complex sentence

concept

conclusions (in an argument)

conflict

connotation

connotative meaning

context

context clue

coordinate adjective

credible/credibility

dangling modifier

data

deadline

delivery

diverse

elaboration

enunciation

essay

etiquette

explicit

figurative meaning

focus

footnote

formal

formal language

format

Greek/Latin affix

Greek/Latin root

historical fiction

impact

influence

interaction

interpretation

lighting

literary allusion

log

logic/logical

logical argument

mechanics (language)

modifier

narrative

objective summary

observation

opposing claim

oral format

pacing

passive voice

plagiarism

portrayal

reasoning

redundancy

reflection

relevant

research paper

research question

resource material

rewrite

soliloquy

sonnet

standard citation format

story elements

style

technical meaning

textual evidence

thesis statement

time frame

understatement

usage

visual format

word origin

wordiness

Review Terms from CCSS

alliteration

argument

audience

characters

clauses

coherent writing

cohesion

collaborate

complex sentence

compound sentence

compound-complex sentence

delineate

development

dialogue

drama

evaluate

evidence

facts

figurative language

inference

linking (to sources)

organization

paraphrase

pertinent (description)

phrases

plot

points of view

quote

repetition

rhyme

salient points

sensory language

sequence

setting

simple sentence

stanza

sufficience (of evidence)

theme/central idea

transition words

7th Grade Math Tier III Vocabulary



7th Grade Math in Focus Vocabulary Tier III Terms


5-point Summary

Absolute Value

Additive Inverse

Adjacent Angles

Algebraic Expression

Alternate Exterior Angles

Alternate Interior Angles

Approximate

Biased

Biased Sample

Bisect

Bisector

Box Plot

Box-and-Whisker Plot

Circumference

Coefficient

Complementary Angles

Complementary Event

Complex Fraction

Cone

Congruent Angles

Constant of Proportionality

Corresponding Angles

Cross Product

Cross Section

Cube Root

Cylinder

Direct proportion

Dot Plot

Equidistant

Equivalent Equations

Equivalent Expressions

Equivalent Inequalities

Event

Experimental Probability

Exterior Angle of a Polygon

Fair

First Quartile

Hemisphere

Histogram

Included Angle

Included Side

Inference

Interior Angles

Interquartile Range

Inverse Proportion

Irrational Number

Lateral Surface

Leaf

Least Common Denominator

Lower Quartile

Mean Absolute Deviation

measure of Variation

Midpoint

Mutually Exclusive

Negative Fractions

Negative Integers

Non-Uniform Probability model

Observed Frequency

Opposites

Outcomes

Parallelogram

Perpendicular Bisector

Plane

Population

Positive Integers

Precise

Prism

Probability

Probability Distribution

Probability model

Proportion

Pyramid

Random Sample

Range

Rational Number

Real Number Line

Real Numbers

Relative Frequency

Repeating Decimal

Sample

Sample Size

Sample Space

Scale

Scale Factor

Second Quartile

Set of Integers

Significant Digits

Simple Random Sampling

Slant Height

Solution Set

Sphere

Square Root

Stem

Stem-and-Leaf Plot

Straightedge

Stratified Random Sampling

Supplementary Angles

Surface Area

Systematic Random Sampling

Terminating Decimal

Theoretical Probability

Third Quartile

Transversal

Trapezoid

Unbiased Sample

Uniform Probability Model

Upper Quartile

Venn Diagram

Vertical Angles

Volume

Whole Numbers

Zero Pair

7th Grade Science Tier III Vocabulary

Air mass circulation

Alternative explanation of data

Asexual reproduction

Atmosphere

Atmospheric composition

Atmospheric layer

Atmospheric pressure

Atom

Atomic arrangement

Balanced force

Cell

Cell division

Cell growth

Characteristics of life

Chemical change

Chemical compound

Chemical element

Chemical properties of substances

Classification of organisms

Climate

Color of light

Conservation of energy

Decleration

Direction of a force

Direction of motion

Earth’s atmosphere

Earth’s climate

Egg cell

Element stability

Experimental control

Forms of matter

Fungus

Gene

Greek basic four elements

Heat convection

Heat energy

Heat radiation

Homeostasis

Inertia

Kinetic energy

Light scattering

Light transmission

Light wavelength

Light year

Lithosphere

Mechanical energy

Molecular arrangement

Molecule

Multicellular organism

Newtons’ laws of motion

Properties of elements

Radiatin

Scientific method

Sexual reproduction

Specialized cell

Specialized organ

Specialized tissue

Species

Species diversity

Speed

Sperm

Sperm cell

Tissue

Unbalanced force

Unicellular organism

Universal solvent

Visible light

Water cycle

wavelength

7th Grade Readers Workshop Tier III Vocabulary

Navigation

Summarize

Figurative language

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

Context Clues

Schema

Inference

Connections

Retell

Compare/Contrast

Main Idea

Comprehension

Onomatopoeia

Nonfiction Text Features

Evidence

Fiction

Nonfiction

Visualization

Description

Author’s Purpose

Captions

Audience

7th and 8th Grade PE Tier III Vocabulary

Flexibility
Balance
Endurance
Core
Heart Rate
Frequency

8th Grade ELA Tier III Vocabulary

Launching Writer’s Notebook

Alliteration – the repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of each or most of the words in the sentence.

Analogies – When you draw an analogy between two things, you compare them for the purpose of explanation.

Complexity – the state or quality of being intricate or complicated

Evaluate – to form an idea of the value of; assess

Explore – inquire into or discuss (a subject or issue) in detail

Generating – to produce something or cause something to be produced

Imitation – a thing intended to simulate or copy something else

Metaphor – a comparison of two different things that does not use connecting words. (The teacher is a mother hen.)

Poetry Patterns – verse in which the typography or lines are arranged in an unusual configuration, usually to convey or extend the emotional content of the words

Research – gathering and analyzing a body of information or data and extracting new meaning from it or developing unique solutions to problems or cases

Simile – a comparison of two unrelated things using the connecting words like, as than or seems. (His hand was as cold as ice.)

Themes – the message the author wishes to share. It might be a lesson about life or a belief about people. The theme is also the central idea; frequently, it is a universal truth.

Independent Reading

Conflict – a struggle between opposing forces; the problem in a story

Critique – a detailed analysis and assessment of something, especially a literary, philosophical, or political theory

Dialogue – a conversation between two or more characters

“Just Right” Books – one that provides a little bit of a challenge for the student

Narration – the act or process of telling a story or describing what happens

Perspective – a particular attitude toward or way of regarding something; a point of view

Plotline – a literary or dramatic plot; a story line. Dialogue is essential to the development of a plot in a drama.

Point-of-View – pertains to who tells the story and how it is told

Scenes – the place where an incident in real life or fiction occurs or occurred, a sequence of continuous action in a play, movie, opera, or book.

Setting – the time and location of where the story takes place

Tension – refers to a sense of heightened involvement, uncertainty, and interest an audience experiences as the climax of the action approaches

Tone –the reader’s perception of the attitude the writer takes toward the subject. The author’s tone may be serious, humorous, satiric, sarcastic, etc.

Word Choice – the use of rich, colorful, precise language that touches and enlightens the reader

Argument Paragraph

Argument/Persuasion – writer builds an argument and supports opinions with a variety of evidence, such as facts, statistics, examples, and statements from experts. Persuasion attempts to change an opinion or to elicit action

Audience – an assembly of spectators; a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called “readers”), theatre, or music

Block Organization vs. Alternating Organization – with the block organization, the writer gives all the significant characteristics or points of one thing in a block. With the alternating organization, the writer moves back and forth between the two things. The two things are compared and contrasted point by point or characteristic by characteristic.

Commentary – an expression of opinions or offering of explanations about an event or situation.

Credible Source – refers to the truthfulness and reliability

Debatable Claim – open to question; in dispute; doubtful

Evidence (Factual and Anecdotal) – factual evidence is based on facts and anecdotal evidence is based on hearsay rather than hard facts

Reflection – serious thought or consideration

Revision – a change or a set of changes that corrects or improves something; a new version of something such as a piece of writing or a song

Topic Sentence – the essential idea of a paragraph

Transition – words that help tie ideas together and move the reader through the text.

Narrative Reading

Analysis - detailed examination of the elements or structure of something, typically as a basis for discussion or interpretation.

Central Idea – another way of describing the main thought or principal theme of a work of literature

Character – a person in a novel, play, or movie; the mental and moral qualities distinctive to an individual

Drama – a composition in verse or prose intended to portray life or character or to tell a story usually involving conflicts and emotions through action and dialogue and typically designed for theatrical performance; play

Fiction – literature that is a work of the imagination and not necessarily based on fact.

Inference – to draw a conclusion after reading all information given, to predict what will happen

Motivation – the reason of reasons one has for acting or behaving in a particular way

Multimedia – using more than one medium of expression or communication

Narrator - the person telling a story or describing what happens

Plot – what happens in the story, the plot is how the author arranges the events in the story to develop his/her basic idea. It is a planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end. The author arranges the events of the plot to keep the reader’s interest and to convey a message.

Point of View - a narrative point of view uses first person, when the author is telling the story (I, me, we, mine) and omniscient point of view uses third person, when a narrator is telling the story (he, she, they). It is the vantage point from which the story is told.

Repetition – act of repeating; repeated action, performance, production, or presentation

Scenes – the place where an incident in real life or fiction occurs or occurred

Setting - the time and location of where the story takes place

Textual Evidence – evidence/support used to support an argument/position and is derived from reading and drawing from other text

Literary Essay

Analyzing Literature – to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of (to analyze a poem)

Audience - an assembly of spectators; a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called “readers”), theatre, or music

Author Intent – author’s intended meaning and purpose for writing

Direct Quotes – a report of the exact words of an author or speaker

Drafting – a first or preliminary version of any writing, subject to revision, copying, etc…

Essay Structure – focuses on developing an argument or analyzing ideas rather than on description. The essay has three parts: Introduction, Body, and Conclusion.

Formal Style – complex, longer sentences are likely to be more prevalent in formal writing. You need to be as thorough as possible with your approach to each topic when you are using a formal style. Each main point needs to be introduced, elaborated and concluded.

Multiple Claims – state or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof

Paraphrasing – express the meaning of (the writer or something written) using different words

Revising – to alter something already written or printed, in order to make corrections, improve, or update

Textual Evidence - evidence/support used to support an argument/position and is derived from reading and drawing from other text

Transitions - words that help tie ideas together and move the reader through the text.

Valid Reasoning – a sound theory; sound principles, free from logical flaws and based on valid reasoning

Informational Reading

Analysis - detailed examination of the elements or structure of something, typically as a basis for discussion or interpretation.

Author's Purpose – the reason or reasons an author has for writing a selection (PIE – persuade, inform, entertain)

Central Idea - another way of describing the main thought or principal theme of a work of literature

Claim – an assertion of the truth of something, typically one that is disputed or in doubt

Compare/Contrast - to find ways things are alike/to find ways things are different

Evaluation – to judge, or determine the significance, worth, or quality of; assess

Evidence – that which tends to prove or disprove something

Inference - to draw a conclusion after reading all information given, to predict what will happen

Point of View – a narrative point of view uses first person, when the author is telling the story (I, me, we, mine) and omniscient point of view uses third person, when a narrator is telling the story (he, she, they). It is the vantage point from which the story is told.

Supporting Ideas – provide the information that supports the topic sentence in a paragraph

Text Features – provide information that may not be written in the text like charts, graphs, maps, etc…

Text Structures – organizational patterns used by authors to develop their ideas (sequence of events, compare and contrast, description of a topic, cause and effect, problem and solution, topic and example)

Informational Essay

Analysis - detailed examination of the elements or structure of something, typically as a basis for discussion or interpretation.


Audience (the reader) – a person that participates in a show, work of art, literature (in which they are called readers), theatre, music, etc…

Comparison/Contrast – to find ways things are alike/to find ways things are different

Concluding Paragraph – summarize what is written in your paper, it is your opportunity to wrap up your essay in tidy package and bring it home for the reader

Controlling Idea – an idea that makes a reader ask a question, it indicates the direction and, often, the writing strategy

Inquiry Question – a seeking or request for truth, information, or knowledge

Organization of Information – how information is organized

Perspective/Stance – a point of view, a way of regarding situations, facts, etc,, and judging their relative importance

Reflection/Meta-cognition – “thinking about thinking”, becoming aware of your thought processes in order to then control them when appropriate

Transitions Between Ideas and Paragraphswords that help tie ideas together and move the reader through the text.

Writing the Argument

Appropriate Tone and Diction – tone is the style and manner or feel of your writing, tone is often also affected by your diction or word choice

Audience and Purpose – while audience and purpose are the writer’s main concerns, the way a paper’s purpose is offered to the audience lies in the paper’s thesis, the presentation, in writing, of the paper’s main idea

Counter Argument – an argument or set of reasons put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument

Creating a Debatable Claim – the thesis for your argument needs to be opinionated or debatable, the thesis must be something that people could reasonably have differing opinions on

Determining Key Search Terms – a basic process for assessing a key word’s value

Devising Research Questions – begins with defining the problem and formulating an answerable question

Evaluating the Credibility of Sources – you must assess each source’s credibility, this means that the sources you reference need to be credible and authoritative (Is it a peer-reviewed scholarly journal?)

Evidence - that which tends to prove or disprove something

Pathos, Ethos, Logos, Kairos – logos is using reason/logic to persuade, pathos is using emotion to persuade, ethos is using character to persuade, and Kairos appeal to timeliness, it is the idea that it is best to “strike the iron while it is hot”

Research - gathering and analyzing a body of information or data and extracting new meaning from it or developing unique solutions to problems or cases

Revision – to alter something already written or printed, in order to make corrections, improve, or update

Viability of a Topic – once you have a thesis topic, make sure it is viable; that is, can you pursue it with the resources at your disposal

8th Grade Social Studies Tier III Vocabulary

Economic Policy

National Bank

Supreme Court

Congress

President

Judicial Review

Marbury v. Madison

John Marshall

Chief Justice

McCullouch v. Maryland

Gibbons v. Ogden

Geography

Climate

Agriculture

Productivity

Technology

Supply and Demand

Price

Industry

Textiles

Labor Force

Steamboat

Canal

Economic Markets

Immigration

Gettysburg Address

Abraham Lincoln

Andrew Johnson

Freedman’s Bureau

Segregation

Black Codes

Ku Klux Klan

Thirteenth Amendment

Fourteenth Amendment

Fifteenth Amendment

Union Troops

Confederacy

Nativism

Race Relations

Class Relations

Ideology

Institution of Slavery

Trail of Tears

Manifest Destiny

Mexican-American War

Horace Mann

Compulsory Education

Abolitionist

John Brown

Harriet Tubman

Underground Railroad

Sojourner Truth

William Lloyd Garrison

Frederick Douglas

Womans Rights

Suffrage

Susan B. Anthony

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Antebellum

Temperance Movement

Reform Movements

John C. Calhoun

Daniel Webster

Henry Clay Sectionalism

Nationalism

Federalism

States Rights

Missouri Compromise

Compromise of 1850

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Dred Scott v. Sanford

Republican Party

Democratic Party

Harriet Tubman

Political Power

Civil War

Revolutinoary War

Secede

Advantages

Disadvantages

Demographic

Technological

Emancipation Proclamation

Central Government

Shay’s Rebellion

Constitutional Convention

Political Power

Foreign Affairs/Relations

Rights of Individuals

Rights of States

Electoral College

Three-Fifths Compromise

Ratification

Federalists

Social Compact

Limited Government

Natural Rights

Right of Revolution

Separation of Powers

Bicameralism

Republicanism

Washington’s Farewell Address

Jay’s Treaty

Pinckney’s Treaty

Louisiana Purchase

War of 1812

Transcontinental Treaty

Monroe Doctrine

Individual Rights

Common Good

Representative Government

Self-Government

Town Meetings

House of Burgesses

French and Indian War

Declaration of Independence

Articles of Confederation

Constitution

Political Parties

Whiskey Rebellion

Alien and Sedition Acts

Executive Branch

Legislative Branch

Judicial Branch

8th Grade Science Tier III Vocabulary

Acceleration

acid

acquired trait

adaptation

allele

amino acid

Archimedes’ Principle

asexual reproduction

atom

atomic mass

atomic number

Australopithecus

base

balanced force

behavioral change

Bernoulli’s Principle

buoyant force

cell

cell division

cell growth

characteristics of life

Charles Darwin

chemical change

chemical compound

chemical element

chemical energy

chemical property

chemical reaction

chemical equation

chromosome

codominance

concentration of reactants

conservation of mass

conservation of energy

conservation of momentum

constant speed

covalent bond

Cro-magnon

density

digestive system

distance

displacement

DNA

DNA replication

dominant trait

egg cell

electrical energy

electron

electron cloud

energy source

evolution

excretory system

fluid friction

force

fossil fuel

fossil record

gene

genotype

gradualism

gravity

hereditary information

heterogeneous

heterozygous

hominid

Homo habilis

Homo sapiens

homogeneous

homozygous

hydraulic system

hypothesis

incomplete dominance

indicator

inertia

ion

ionic bond

isotope

kinetic energy

Mendelian inheritance

mass

metal

metalloid

metallic bond

meiosis

mitosis

mixture

molecule

momentum

multicellular organism

muscular system

mutation

natural selection

neanderthal

nervous system

net force

neutron

Newton’s Laws of Motion

nonmetal

nucleus

nuclear energy

organ

organ system

oxygen

Pascal’s Principle

pedigree

periodic table

pH scale

phenotype

polygenic trait

potential energy

pressure

protein

protein synthesis

proton

punctuated equilibrium

Punnett square

Radiation

radiant energy

reaction rate

recessive trait

recombinant DNA

respiratory system

RNA

rolling friction

scientific method

sexual reproduction

sex-linked trait

skeletal system

sliding friction

solution

solute

solvent

static friction

species

species diversity

speed

sperm cell

tissue

unbalanced force

universal solvent

valence electron

variation

velocity

volume

weight

Earth Science Tier III Vocabulary


Astronomy

Meteorology

Geology

Oceanography

Environmental science

Topography

Cartography

Topographical map

Geosphere

Biosphere

Atmosphere

Hydrosphere

Mercator projection

Conic projection

Gnomonic projection

Contour line

Contour interval

Geologic map

GPS

acid

atom

atomic mass

atomic number

base

chemical compound

chemical element

chemical reaction

chemical equation

density

electron

electron cloud

ion

ionic bond

isotope

mass

metal

metallic bond

mixture

molecule

neutron

nonmetal

nucleus

periodic table

pH scale

proton

solution

solute

solvent

valence electron

mineral

crystal

luster

hardness

Mohs Scale

Cleavage

Fracture

Streak

Silicate

Tetrahedron

Carbonate

Oxide

Ore

Gem

Volcano

Shield volcano

Composite volcano

Cinder cone

Magma

Lava

Vent

Crater

Caldera

Divergent

Convergent

Hot spot

Basalt

Conduit

Viscosity

Basaltic magma

Andesitic magma

Rhyolitic magma

Crust

Mantle

Tephra

Pyroclastic flow

Pluton

Batholith

Laccolith

Stock

Dike

Sill

Tectonic plate

Plate boundary

Isostasy

Orogeny

Continental plate

Oceanic plate

Root

Isostatic rebound

Uplift

Plateau

Fault-block mountain

Latitude

Longitude

Continental drift

Pangaea

Isochron

Seafloor spreading

Rift valley

Oceanic ridge

Subduction

Transform boundary

Convection

Stress

Strain

Elastic deformation

Plastic deformation

Reverse fault

Normal fault

Strike-slip fault

Seismic wave

P-wave

S-wave

Surface wave

Focus

Epicenter

Earthquake

Seismometer

Seismogram

Travel-time curve

Richter scale

Magnitude

Amplitude

Mercalli scale

Soil liquefaction

Tsunami

Igneous rock

Sedimentary rock

Metamorphic rock

Contact metamorphism

Regional metamorphism

Weathering

Erosion

Deposition

Cementation

Compaction

Lithification

Clastic

Foliated

Nonfoliated

Hydrothermal metamorphism

Rock cycle

Absolute-age dating

Acid rain

Aggregate

Air mass

Albedo

Anemometer

Aquiclude

Aquifer

Asteroid

Artesian well

Big bang theory

Binary star

Biomass

Black hole

Fossil

Cirrus

Comet

Condensation nucleus

Conduction

Constellation

Coriolis effect

Corona

Cumulus

Dark matter

Desertification

Dwarf planet

El nino

Epoch

Equinox

Era

Evaporation

Fossil fuel

Front

Gas giant

Geothermal energy

Geyser

Glacier

Greenhouse effect

Hertzsprung-Russell diagram

Hubble constant

Hydroelectric power

Isotherm

Kuiper belt

Meteor

Nonrenewable resource

Ozone

Photochemical smog

Photovoltaic cell

Precambrian

Polar easterlies

Prevailing westerlies

Pulsar

Quasar

Radiation

Renewable resource

Runoff

Solar eclipse

Lunar eclipse

Solstice

Atmospheric layers

Supernova

Sustainable energy

Thermocline

Trade winds

Watershed

Weather

8th Grade Math Tier III Vocabulary

Chapter 1

  1. Exponent – the number to which a base is raised.

  2. Exponential Notation – notation used to write a number as a base raised to

    an exponent.

  3. Power – the product of repeated multiplication of the same factor.

  4. Prime Factorization – a number written as a product of its prime factors.

  5. Base – in an expression of the form a to the nth power, the base a is used

    as a factor n times.

  6. Terminating Decimal - a decimal that ends. Zeroes could be placed to the

    right of the last digit, but the values would not change.

  7. Repeating Decimal – a decimal number with a digit or a group of digits that

    repeat on and on, without end. When writing a repeating decimal, a bar is

    often placed over the repeating portion.

  8. Square Root – one of two equal factors of that number.

  9. Cube Root – one of three equal factors of that number.

  10. Radical – an expression that contains a square root.

Chapter 2

  1. Coefficient – a coefficient is a multiplicative factor in scientific notation.

  2. Scientific Notation – a way of expressing a large or small number in the form A times 10 to the nth power.

  3. Standard Form – a way of expressing a number using the ten digits 0 to 9 and place value notation.

Chapter 3

  1. Consistent Equation – an equation with only one solution.

  2. Identity – an equation that is true for all values of the variable.

  3. Inconsistent Equation – an equation with no solution.

Chapter 4

  1. Linear Relationship – a relationship between two quantities in which there is

    a constant variation between the two quantities.

  2. Rise – the vertical change from one point to a second point on a coordinate

    plane.

  3. Run – the horizontal change from one point to a second point on a coordinate

    plane.

  4. Slope – the ratio of the rise, or vertical change, to the run, or horizontal

    change, between two points on a non-vertical line on the coordinate plane.

  5. Slope-Intercept Form – a form of a linear equation, y=mx+b, where m is the

    slope and b is the y-intercept of the graph of the equation.

  6. x-intercept – the x-coordinate of the point where a line intersects the x-axis.

  7. y-intercept – the y-coordinates of the point where a line intersects the y-axis.

  8. Like Terms – terms that contain the same variables raised to the same

    power.

Chapter 5

  1. Common Term – the same term that appears more than once in a system of

    equations.

  2. Dependent System of Equations – a system of equations with an infinite

    number of solutions.

  3. Elimination Method – a method for solving a system of equations in which

    equations are added or subtracted to eliminate one variable.

  4. Graphical Method – a method in which equations are graphed to find the

    point (or points) of intersection.

  5. Inconsistent System of Equations – a system of equations with no solution.

  6. Point of Intersection – a point where two (or more) graphs meet each other

    and whose coordinates are the solution to a system of equations.

  7. Standard Form – a linear equation in the form ax + by = c.

  8. Substitution Method – a method for solving a system of equations in which

    one variable is expressed in terms of the other to eliminate one variable.

  9. System of Linear Equations – a set of linear equations that has more than

    one variable.

  10. Unique Solution – the single set of values that satisfies a system of linear

    equations.

Chapter 6

  1. Function – a type of relation that assigns exactly one output to each input.

  2. Input – the independent variable of a relation.

  3. Output – the dependent variable of a relation.

  4. Linear Function – a function that can be expressed in the form y=mx+b.

  5. Many-to-Many – describes a relation in which many inputs are mapped onto

    one output.

  6. Many-to-One – describes a relation in which many inputs are mapped onto

    one output.

  7. Mapping Diagram – a diagram that pairs a set of inputs with a set of

    outputs of a relation.

  8. Nonlinear Function – a function whose points do not lie along a line.

  9. One-to-Many – describes a relation in which one input is mapped onto many

    outputs.

  10. Rate of Change – the ratio of changes in two quantities.

  11. One-to-One – describes a relation in which each input is mapped onto its

    own, unique output.

  12. Relation – a relation pairs a set of inputs with a set of outputs.

  13. Vertical Line Test – a test to determine whether a graph is a function: If

    a vertical line intersects a graph at more than one point, then the graph

    does not represent a function.

Chapter 7

  1. Hypotenuse – the longest side of a right triangle, and the side that is directly opposite the right angle of the right triangle.

  2. Leg – either of the two shorter sides of a right triangle that form the right angle.

  3. Pythagorean Theorem – the square of the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the two legs.

  4. Cone Volume Formula – V = 1/3 times pie times r squared times height

  5. Cylinder Volume Formula – V = pie times r squared times height

  6. Sphere Volume Formula – V = 4/3 pie times r cubed

Chapter 8

  1. Angle of Rotation – the angle through which a point is rotated under a

    rotation.

  2. Center of Dilation – the point about which a figure is dilated under a

    rotation.

  3. Center of Rotation – the point about which a point is rotated under a

    rotation.

  4. Clockwise – in the direction that clock hand moves.

  5. Counterclockwise – in the opposite direction that a clock hand moves.

  6. Dilation – a transformation that assigns to each point A on the plane a point

    A’ such that from a given point O, OA = kOA’ and A, O, and A’ lie along the

    same line.

  7. Half Turn – a 180 degree rotation.

  8. Image – the resulting figure after a transformation.

  9. Invariant Point – a point that remains unchanged, or a point that is mapped

    onto itself, under a transformation.

  10. Isometry – a transformation that preserves lengths and angle measures.

  11. Line of Reflection – the given line of a reflection that is the perpendicular

    bisector of all segments formed by a point and its image.

  12. Reflection – a transformation that maps each point A on a plane to a point A’

    such that a given line is the perpendicular bisector of AA’. It may also be

    called a flip.

  13. Translation – a transformation that maps each point A on a plane to a point

    A’ such that AA’ is the same length and has the same direction for all points

    on the plane. It may also be called a slide.

Chapter 9

  1. Congruence – the property to two figures that can be mapped onto one

    another using an isometry or a series of isometries.

  2. Corresponding Angles – a pair of matching angles in two congruent or similar

    polygons under a given correspondence.

  3. Corresponding Sides – a pair of matching sides in two congruent or similar

    polygons under a given correspondence.

  4. Statement of Congruence – a statement that relates the names for two

    congruent figures using the symbol congruent, such as angle A is congruent to angle B. For two polygons, the statement also indicates which correspondence of the vertices produces congruent angles and congruent sides.

  5. Similarity – the property of two figures that can be mapped onto one

    another using a dilation that may or may not include one or more isometries. The figures have the same shape, but not necessarily the same size.

  6. Transversal – A line that cuts across two or more (usually parallel) lines.

  7. Interior Angles – an angle inside a shape.

  8. Exterior Angles – the angle between any side of a shape, and a line

    extended from the next side.

Chapter 10

  1. Association – the relationship between two variables that are statistically

    dependent.

  2. Bivariate Data – data that involve two variables.

  3. Categorical Data – data that involve variables that cannot be measured

    numerically.

  4. Clustering – data values occurring closely together.

  5. Extrapolate – to predict data values outside a known data range.

  6. Interpolate – to estimate data values within a known data range.

  7. Line of Best Fit – a line that seems to best fit the general trend of data

    values from a given set of bivariate data.

  8. Qualitative Data – data that involve variables that cannot be measured

    numerically.

  9. Quantitative Data – data that involve variables that can be measured

    numerically.

  10. Scatter Plot – a display of two corresponding sets of data plotted on a

    coordinate plane.

  11. Two-Way Table – a table that shows frequencies for two corresponding

    sets of categorical or qualitative data.

  12. Outlier – a data category some distance away from other data categories.

  13. Positive Association – an increase in one variable corresponds to an increase

    in the other variable.

  14. Negative Association – an increase in one variable corresponds to a

    decrease in the other variable.

Chapter 11

  1. Additional Rule of Probability – for two mutually exclusive events A and B,

    the addition rule of probability states that P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B).

  2. Compound Event – two or more events occurring together or one after

    another.

  3. Dependent Events – two or more events in which the occurrence of one

    event causes the probability of the other event(s) to change.

  4. Independent Events – two or more events in which the occurrence of one

    event does not affect the probability of the other event(s).

  5. Multiplication Rule of Probability – for two independent event A and B, the

    multiplication rule of probability state that P(A and B) = P(A) . P(B). For two

    dependent events A and B, the multiplication rule of probability states the

    P(A and B) = P(A) . P (B after A).

  6. Possibility Diagram – a diagram, such as a two-way grid or table, that

    provides a list of all the possible outcomes of a simple or compound event.

  7. Simple Event – an event that has one set of outcomes.

  8. Tree Diagram – a type of possibility diagram (listing of sample space) that

    may also include the corresponding probabilities along the branches.

Music Tier III Vocabulary

Big image
Big image

MUSICAL TERMS/DEFINITIONS

*VOLUME/DYNAMICS

Crescendo (cresc): start SOFT and Gradually increase the volume (think of “Math” with less than sign)

Decrescendo (decresc.): start LOUD/STRONG and Gradually become softer/decrease the volume (think of “Math” with greater than sign)

Diminuendo (dim.): Gradually softer

Forte (f): Strong or loud

Fortepiano (fp): Loud then immediately soft

Fortissimo (ff): Very strong or loud

Mezzo: medium or moderately (as in mezzo piano or mezzo soprano)

Morendo: Die away

Niente: Fade away to a bare whisper

Pianissimo (pp): very soft

Piano (p): Soft

Sforzando (sfz): Loud sudden attack

*TEMPO

Grave: Very, very slow and solemn (30-50)

Largo: Broad and slow (40 - 50)

Lento: Slow & calm (but not as slow as Largo) (50)

Adagio: Slowly, leisurely (60 - 80)

Andante: In a walking tempo, moderately slow (80 - 96)

Andantino: A little less slow than andante

Maestoso: Majestically (80 -104)

Allegretto: Tempo between Allegro and Andante, moderately fast (96-116)

Moderato: In a moderate (medium) tempo (112-130)

Allegro: Quick or fast and lively (120-160)

Vivace: Very fast & spirited (140 - 180)

Presto: Very fast & quick (160-200)

Prestissimo: As fast as possible (180 +)

*TEMPO MODIFIERS

Accelerando (Accel.): Gradually increase the tempo or speed, accelerate

Alla Breve: (Same as cut time or 2/2 time) - Two beats per measure & the half note gets the beat or 1 count

Allargando: Gradually slower and broader

A tempo: In the original speed or tempo, usually occurs after a ritard, fermata, etc….

Caesura: A pause (looks like or resembles “railroad tracks” when written on the musical staff)

Con moto: With motion

Grand Pause (G.P.): A long pause in the music

L'istesso tempo: In the same beat speed

Meno Mosso: Less motion, a little slower

Piu mosso: More motion; a little faster; quicker

Rallentendo: Gradually slower & broadening the notes

Ritardando: Gradually slower

Rubato: Not in a strict tempo; give & take; stretch; free adjustment of tempo for expressive purposes

Stringendo: Press the tempo; gradually faster

Tempo Primo: The 1st or original tempo; return to the original/base tempo after a section in a different tempo

Tenuto: Hold full value or stretch the notes

*FORM

Attacca: Attached

Cadenza: extended section for soloist alone

Coda: The closing or finishing section (tail)

Da Capo (D.C.): From the beginning

Dal Segno (D.S.): From the sign

Fine: The end

Motive: A self-contained fragment of musical theme or subject

Phrase: a complete musical thought, idea or sentence

4-Bar Phrasing: Complete musical thought/sentence that is 4 measures long – do not break with a breath after the 2nd measure

Theme: A subject. A musical motto which serves as the basis of a composition or movement.

Variations: A transformation or changing of a theme melodically, rhythmically, or harmonically

*INSTRUMENTATION INSTRUCTIONS

Ad Libertum (ad. lib.): At the performer's discretion, improvisation

Divisi (div.): Divide the part between players when 2 or more notes/parts are given

Duet: 2 players

Ossia: An alternate part

Ottava (8va): An octave

Soli: Like instruments playing same part

Solo: one player or performer

Tacet: Silent

Trio: 3 players

Tutti: Everyone – all instruments play

Unison: All play same part

*STYLISTIC INDICATIONS

Alla Marcia: In the style of a march

Animato: In an animated style

Assez: Very

Con Brio: With brilliance, with spirit,

Cantabile: In a singing style

Dolce: Sweetly & softly

Con Espressivo: With Expression

Con Fuoco: With fire

Giocoso: Joyfully, merry, humorous

Grandioso: Grand, noble, or majestic style

Grazioso: Gracefully

Jubiloso: Jubilant, expressing great joy, rejoicing, celebrating

Legato: Smooth and connected, notes touch, no gaps

Maestoso: Majestically & stately

Marcato: Marked with distinctness, every note accented, heavy, emphasized

Pesante: Heavily, emphatic

Pomposo: Pompous, grand

Semplice: Simple, in a pure style

Sostenuto: Sustained

Staccato: Separated, detached, light, bouncy, spaced, “short”, notes do not touch

Secco: Dryly, extremely separated

Sordino: Mute (con sordino: with mute; senza sordino: without mute)

Valse: A “waltz” – dance in ¾ time

QUALIFIERS

Alla: in the manner or style of (alla Marcia – in the manner or style of a March)

Assai: very (Allegro assai -very fast)

Con: with (con fuoco - with fire)

Meno: less (meno mosso – less motion)

Molto: Much (molto crescendo - increase volume significantly)

Non troppo: Not too much (Allegro non troppo - not too fast)

Piu: more (piu mosso – more motion/faster)

Poco: little

Poco a poco: Little by little (diminuendo poco a poco - softer little by little)

Quasi: almost, nearly

Subito: Immediately, suddenly (subito piano - suddenly soft)

Senza: Without (senza sordino - without mute)

Sempre: Always (sempre staccato - always separated)

Simile: Continue in a like or same manner, “similar” (usually used for articulation)

Subito: suddenly, immediately

*Others…..

Chorale: usually based on a hymn or sacred tune in 4 part harmony; perform in a very legato style

Pick-Up Note(s): Note or notes that come before the first full measure on any count but one (1)

Syncopation: rhythmic figure that emphasizes the WEAK parts of the beat, such as the &’s or upbeats, etc.

Opus: a work or musical composition

Trill: rapid alternation between two adjacent notes (i.e.: F to G, or A to Bb, etc.) – it is a musical ornament – see below for examples…

7th and 8th Grade Computers Tier III Words

Copyright

Bibliography

Citation

Spreadsheet

Query

Web browser

Troubleshooting

Email

Identity Theft

Google drive

Cyberbullying

Word document

Router

Network

Spyware

Malware

Antivirus

Cloud

Cell

Value

Formula

Password

Username

Keyboard Shortcuts

Font

Hyperlink

Upload

Download

Graphic Organizer

Flowchart

Website

Google Drive

Google Docs

Digital Footprint

Privacy

Pirating

File Name

Software

Hardware

User Agreement

STEM Lab & Woodshop Tier III Vocabulary





STEM LAB


AEROSPACE

Flying


Bernoulli's Principle


FAA


Space


Alan Shepard


Space Shuttle

RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

Aerodynamics


Lubricants


Turbulence


Mass


Limitations


Wheelbase

CAD

CAD


CAD Workstation


CAD Software


Input Devices


Editing


Dimensions

DRAFTING

Scale


T-Square


Technical Drawing


Pictorial Drawing

ELECTRICITY

Terminal


Soldering


Strip


Splice


Circuit


Transformer


Ground


Fuse

ELECTRONICS

Electronics


Electric Current


Circuit


Transistor


Light-Editing Diode (LED)


Photocell


Capacitor


Integrated Circuit (IC)





ENGINEERING

Composite Bridge


Cantilever Bridge


Truss Bridge


Abutments


Suspension Bridge


Beam


Deflection


Load


Equilibrium


Torsion Stress

LAND TRANSPORTATION

Transportation


Henry Ford


Legend


Subway


Chunnel


Transrapid

SIMPLE MACHINES

Design/Problem Solving Process


Problems


Solutions


Innovation


Lever


Gear


Pulley


Work


Machines

ROBOTICS

Robota


Karel Capek


Manipulative Robot


Mobile Robot


Axis


Robot System


Working Envelope


Sensors


Automation

TIME & MONEY MANEGEMENT

Wish


Goal


Short-Term Goals


Long-Term Goals


Time Management


Fixed Expenses


Gross Pay


Net Pay


Credit


Flexible Expenses





WOODSHOP


MEASUREMENT

Customary


Metric


Denominator


Numerator


Fraction


Ruler Mark

TOOLS

Simple Machines


Inclined Plane


Wedge


Screw


Lever


Wheel & Axle


Pulley

WOOD

Commercial Farm Crop


Hardwood


Softwood


Finish Construction


Plywood


Deciduous


Coniferous


Spring Wood


Summer Wood


Grain

WOODSHOP

Radial Arm Saw


Hook Method


Table Saw


Router


Drum Sander


Grit


Spade Drill Bit


Twist Drill Bit


Stain Wax


Wood Putty


Plan


Rip Cut


Cross Cut


Grain


Kerf


Safety

Art Tier III Vocabulary


Abstract

Aesthetics

Analogous

Asymmetry


Background

Balance

Collage

Color


Color Schemes

Color Wheel

Complementary Colors

Contour Lines


Contrast

Cool Colors

Design

Elements of Art


Emphasis

Foreground

Form

Middle Ground


Focal Point

Hue

Inorganic

Line


Mass

Mixed Media

Monochromatic

Movement


Negative Space

Neutral Colors

One-Point Perspective

Organic


Pattern

Perspective

Point of View

Positive Space


Primary Colors

Principles of Design

Proportion

Reflection


Rhythm

Rubric

Scale

Sculpture


Secondary Colors

Shape

Space

Still Life


Structure

Style

Symmetry

Texture


Theme

Three-Dimensional

Tint

Two-Dimensional


Two-Point Perspective

Unity

Value

Value Scale


Vanishing Point

Variety

Volume

Warm Colors

5th and 6th Grade Physical Education Tier III Vocabulary

Leading Body control

Endurance Cool-down

Flexibility Fielding

Personal challenge Individual Sport

Personal Space Risk taking

Physical Fitness Test Lifetime Sport

Direct Catch Procedure

Serve the ball Sport-specific Skill

Sideline Leisure activity

Sportsmanship Spike the ball

Strategy Game plan

5th and 6th Grade Computers Tier III Vocabulary

5th Grade Computers

Hardware

Cursor

Data

Desktop

Download

Word Processing

Network

Login

Enter Key

Font

Align

Delete Key

Function Keys

Troubleshooting

Copyright Violation

Edit

Home Page

Virus

References

Format

Presentation

Network

Search Engine

6th Grade Computers

Input Device

Output Device

Copyright Law

Organization

Story Web

Hyperlink

Network

Data

References

Cite

Network

Spreadsheet

Presentation

Format

Word Processing

Browsers

Tab

Reliability

Internet Citizenship

Network Drive

PE Conditioning Tier III Vocabulary

Power

Intensity

Frequency

Balance

Flexibility

Endurance

Overload

Core

Resistance

Middle School Spanish Tier III Vocabulary

CONVERSATIONAL, GREETING, AND FAREWELL PHRASES

Good Morning/Day BUENOS DÍAS Good Afternoon BUENAS TARDES

Good Evening/Night BUENAS NOCHES

(Note, these three phrases can be used as either GREETINGS or FAREWELLS)

Hello HOLA What’s up? ¿QUÉ TAL?

Pleased to meet you MUCHO GUSTO Same Here: IGUALMENTE

Delighted: ENCANTADO/ ENCANTADA Goodbye: ADIOS/CHAU

See you later: HASTA LUEGO See you tomorrow: HASTA MAÑANA

See you next time: HASTA LA VISTA

How are you? ƨCÓMO ESTÁS?/ ƨCÓMO ESTÁ USTED?

I’m (very) good ESTOY (MUY) BIEN (MUY is only used when “Very” is used in the English)

I’m okay ESTOY ASÍ-ASÍ I’m (very) bad ESTOY (MUY) MAL

I’m sad ESTOY TRISTE I’m happy ESTOY ALEGRE

I’m hungry TENGO HAMBRE I’m thirsty TENGO SED

I’m tired ESTOY CANSADO/CANSADA I’m angry ESTOY ENOJADO/ENOJADA

I’m bored ESTOY ABURRIDO/ABURRIDA

What is your name? ƨCÓMO TE LLAMAS? My name is ME LLAMO

Where are you from? ƨDE DÓNDE ERES? I’m from SOY DE

How old are you? CUÁNTOS AÑOS TIENES?

I’m ______________years old TENGO ____________AÑOS.

Why- ƨPor Qué? Because-Porque

And-Y

NUMBERS 0-20

0-CERO

1-UNO 11-ONCE

2-DOS 12-DOCE

3-TRES 13-TRECE

4-CUATRO 14-CATORCE

5-CINCO 15-QUINCE

6-SEIS 16-DIECISEIS (DIEZ Y SEIS)

7-SIETE 17-DIECISIETE (DIEZ Y SIETE)

8-OCHO 18-DIECIOCHO (DIEZ Y OCHO)

9-NUEVE 19-DIECINUEVE (DIEZ Y NUEVE)

10-DIEZ 20-VEINTE

DAYS OF THE WEEK

Monday-LUNES Friday-VIERNES

Tuesday-MARTES Saturday-SÁBADO

Wednesday-MIÉRCOLES Sunday-DOMINGO

Thursday-JUEVES

MONTHS OF THE YEAR

January-ENERO February-FEBRERO

March-MARZO April-ABRIL

May-MAYO June-JUNIO

July-JULIO August-AGOSTO

September-SEPTIEMBRE October-OCTUBRE

November-NOVIEMBRE December-DICIEMBRE

SEASONS

Spring-LA PRIMAVERA Summer-EL VERANO

Fall-El OTOÑO Winter-El INVIERNO

DEFINITE AND INDEFINITE ARTICLES

DEFINITE ARTICLES: Specific articles, all translate into “The” in English

(Give me THE book)

EL-the (masculine singular) LOS-the (masculine plural)

LA-the (feminine singular) LAS- the (Feminine plural)

INDEFINITE ARTICLES: Non-specific articles (Give me A book, give me AN egg, Give me SOME paper)

UN-a/an (masculine singular) UNOS-some (masculine plural)

UNA-a/an (feminine singular) UNAS –some (feminine plural)

NUMBERS 30-100 BY TENS

30-TREINTA 70-SETENTA

40-CUARENTA 80-OCHENTA

50-CINCUENTA 90-NOVENTA

60-SESENTA 100-CIEN (CIENTO)

NUMBERS 200-100 BY HUNDREDS

200-DOSCIENTOS 300-TRESCIENTOS 400-CUATROCIENTOS

500-QUINIENTOS 600-SEISCIENTOS 700-SETECIENTOS

800-OCHOCIENTOS 900-NOVECIENTOS 1,000-MIL

THE NOMINATIVE CASE PRONOUNS

SINGULAR PLURAL

I-YO We-NOSOTROS

You-TÚ You-VOSOTROS

He-ÉL They (masculine) ELLOS

She-ELLA They (feminine) ELLAS

You-USTED You-USTEDES

CHARACTERISTIC/DESCRIPTIVE WORDS USED WITH THE VERB “SER”

Generous-GENEROSO,-A Patient-PACIENTE

Neat/Tidy-ORDENADO,-A Stingy, TACAÑO,-A

Impatient-IMPACIENTE Messy/Untidy-DESORDENADO,-A

Hardworking-TRABAJADOR(A) Lazy-PEREZOSO,-A

Funny-GRACIOSO,-A Serious-SÉRIO,-A

Bold/daring-ATREVIDO,-A Careful/Cautious-PRUDENTE

Athletic-DEPORTISTA (no change) Artistic-ARTÍSTICO,-A

Big-GRANDE Small-PEQUEÑO,-A

Old-VIEJO,-A Young-JOVEN

Tall-ALTO,-A Short-BAJO,-A

Nice-SIMPÁTICO,-A Rude-ANTIPÁTICO,-A

Strong-FUERTE Weak-DEBIL

Good looking-GUAPO,-A Pretty-BONITO,-A

CLASSROOM VOCABULARY

Door-LA PUERTA Teacher-EL PROFESOR (LA PROFESORA)

Pencil-EL LÁPIZ Book-EL LIBRO

Window-LA VENTANA Pen-LA PLUMA (EL BOLÍGRAFO)

Paper-EL PAPEL Eraser-EL BORRADOR

Chair-LA SILLA Teacher desk-EL ESCRITORIO

Table-LA MESA Student desk-EL PUPITRE

Folder-LA CARPETA Notebook-EL CUADERNO

Wastebasket-EL CESTO Light-LA LUZ

Computer-LA COMPUTADORA Class-LA CLASE

Dictionary-EL DICCIONARIO Homework-LA TAREA

Schedule-EL HORARIO School-LA ESCUELA

HOUSEHOLD ITEMS

House-LA CASA Bed-LA CAMA

Cup-LA TAZA Dog-EL PERRO

Cat-EL GATO Mother-LA MADRE

Father-EL PADRE Brother-EL HERMANO

Sister-LA HERMANA Radio-LA RÁDIO

Poster-EL CARTEL Wall-LA PARED

Room-EL CUARTO Clock-EL RELOJ

TV-EL TELEVISOR/LA TELEVISIÓN Plate-EL PLATO

LIKES AND DISLIKES

Do you like..? ¿TE GUSTA? Yes, I like-SÍ, ME GUSTA

No I don’t like-NO, NO ME GUSTA I like-ME GUSTA

I don’t like-NO ME GUSTA I prefer-YO PREFIERO

Yes, but I don’t like-SÍ, PERO NO ME GUSTA

No, but I like-NO, PERO ME GUSTA I kinda like-ME GUSTA MAS O MENOS

SI, ME GUSTA; NO, NO ME GUSTA; SI, PERO NO ME GUSTA; and NO, PERO ME GUSTA are used when answering the question TE GUSTA?

You do NOT use ME GUSTA or NO ME GUSTA for answering TE GUSTA. These two are used for an UNPROMPTED RESPONSE (If you’re telling somebody what you like or don’t like without being asked).

PASATIEMPOS (Pastimes or activities)

To skate/rollerblade-PATINAR To go to the movies-IR AL CINE

To study-ESTUDIAR To draw-DIBUJAR

To cook-COCINAR To swim-NADAR

To go to school-IR A LA ESCUELA To read-LEER

To go fishing-IR DE PESCA To go to a party-IR A UNA FIESTA

To play baseball-JUGAR BEÍSBOL To play soccer-JUGAR FÚTBOL

To play sports-PRACTICAR DEPORTES

To play football-JUGAR FÚTBOL AMERICANO

To play volleyball-JUGAR VÓLEIBOL

To play basketball-JUGAR BÁSQUETBOL

To play tennis-JUGAR TÉNIS

To play videogames-JUGAR VIDEOJUEGOS

To go shopping-IR DE COMPRAS

To help out at home-AYUDAR EN CASA

To play guitar-TOCAR LA GUITARRA

To listen to music-ESCUCHAR MUSICA

To talk on the telephone-HABLAR POR TELÉFONO

To watch TV-VER LA TELEVISIÓN (VER LA TELE)

Colors

Black-NEGRO White-BLANCO Green-VERDE

Red-ROJO Orange-ANARANJADO Yellow-AMARILLO

Pink-ROSADO Brown-MARRÓN/CAFÉ blue-AZUL

Grey-GRIS Purple-MORADO/VIOLETA

Food

Hamburger-LA HAMBURGESA Cherry-EL CEREZO

Apple-LA MANZANA Banana-EL PLÁTANO

Pear-LA PERA Grape-LA UVA

Tomato-EL TOMATE Strawberry-LA FRESA

Hot dog-EL PERRITO CALIENTE Cheese-EL QUESO

Chicken-EL POLLO Steak-EL BISTEC

Fish-EL PESCADO Salad-LA ENSALADA

Dessert-EL POSTRE Breakfast-EL DESAYUNO

Lunch-EL ALMUERZO Dinner-LA CENA

Meal-LA COMIDA Slice/Piece-EL TROZO

Spoon-LA CUCHARA Fork-EL TENEDOR

Knife-EL CUCHILLO Napkin-LA SERVILLETA

Weather Vocabulary

It's cloudy-ESTÁ NUBLADO What's the weather like (today)? QUÉ TIEMPO HACE (HOY)?

It's (very) warm/hot- HACE (MUCHO) CALOR It's cool-HACE FRESCO

It's (very) cold-HACE (MUCHO) FRÍO It's sunny-HACE SOL

It's windy-HACE VIENTO It's foggy-HAY NEBLINA

It's storming-HAY UNA TORMENTA It's raining-LLUEVE

It's snowing-NIEVA

VERB CONJUGATION

Key Ser: to be (characteristic, origin)

Yo Nosotros Soy-I am Somos-we are

Tú Vosotros Eres-you are Sois-you are

Él/ella/ud ellos/ellas/uds Es-he/she is, you are Son-they/you are

Estar: to be (condition, location) Tener: to have

Estoy-I am estamos-we are tengo-I have tenemos-we have

Estás-you are estáis-you are tienes-you have tenéis-you have

Está-he/she is, you are están-they/you are tiene-he/she has, you have tienen-they/you have

Ir: to go Verbs ending in “ar”

Voy-I go Vamos-we go o amos

Vas-you go Vais-you go as áis

Va-he/she goes, you go Van-they/you go a an

Verbs ending in “er” Verbs ending in “ir” (Not the same as ir-to go)

o emos o imos

es éis es ís

e en e en

Height Size

Tall-ALTO(A) Thin-FLACO(A)

Short-BAJO(A) Fat-GORDO(A)

Average-DE TALLA MEDIA

Appearance

Blue eyes-OJOS DE AZUL Brown eyes-OJOS DE CAFÉ

Green eyes-OJOS DE VERDE Blond-RUBIO(A)

Redhead-PELIROJO(A) Brunette-MORENO(A)

Bald-CALVO Grey-haired-CAÑOSO(A)

Pretty-BONITO(A) Handsome-GUAPO(A)

Ugly-FEO(A) light-CLARO-A

dark-OSCURO-A

Clothing

I am wearing-ESTOY LLEVANDO He/She is wearing-EL/ELLA ESTÁ LLEVANDO

Pants-LOS PANTALONES Shirt-LA CAMISA

Shorts-LOS PANTALONES CORTOS Jacket-LA CHAQUETA

Shoes-LOS ZAPATOS Coat-EL ABRIGO

Socks-LOS CALCETINES Underwear-LA ROPA INTERIOR

T-Shirt-LA CAMISETA Sweater-EL SUÉTER

Bathing Suit-EL TRAJE DE BAÑO Tie-LA CORBATA

Dress-EL VESTIDO Skirt-LA FALDA

Boots-LAS BOTAS Wallet-LA CARTERA

Purse-LA BOLSA Hat-EL SOMBRERO

Scarf-LA BUFANDA Gloves-LOS GUANTES

Belt-el cinturón Bracelet-la pulsera

Ring-el anillo Necklace-el collar

Earrings-los pendientes

Around the Town Vocabulary

Mall-EL PASEO (EL MALL) Grocery Store-LA TIENDA DE ULTRAMARINOS

Market-EL MERCADO Supermarket-EL SUPERMERCADO

Car-EL COCHE Bus-EL AUTOBÚS

Truck-EL CAMIÓN Post office-LA OFICINA DE CORREO

Avenue-LA AVIENDA Street-LA CALLE

Gas station-LA ESTACIÓN DE GASOLINA Airport-EL AEROPUERTO

Restaurant-EL RESTAURUANTE Street corner-LA ESQUINA

Library-LA BIBLIOTECA Police Station-LA ESTACIÓN DE POLICIA

Bank-EL BANCO Bowling Alley-LA BOLERA

Bookstore-LA LIBRERÍA Movie theatre-EL CINE

Introducing other people

To introduce a male friend: ______, Este es mi amigo, ___________

To introduce a female friend:_____, Esta es mi amiga, ___________

To introduce a masculine or mixed group: ESTOS SON MIS AMIGOS

To introduce a feminine group: ESTAS SON MIS AMIGAS

Schedules

To ask when something begins ¿A QUÉ HORA ES...? (or ¿A QUÉ HORA EMPIEZA...?)

When is the movie ¿A QUÉ HORA ES (or EMPIEZA) LA PELICULA?

When is the Spanish class ¿A QUÉ HORA ES (or EMPIEZA) LA CLASE DE ESPAÑOL?

When does English class end? ¿A QUÉ HORA TERMINA LA CLASE DE INGLES?

When does the TV show end? ¿A QUÉ HORA TERMINA LA PROGRAMA DE LA TELEVISIÓN?

Schedules

To Respond- A LAS.. (or A LA for one o'clock)

At 7:30pm-A LAS SIETE Y TREINTA (or MEDIA) DE LA NOCHE

at 9:45am-A LAS DIEZ MENOS QUINCE (or CUARTO) DE LA MANANA

at 1:20pm- A LA UNA Y VEINTE DE LA TARDE

at midnight- A LA MEDIANOCHE

at noon-AL MEDIODIA (Note that it's "AL" and not "A LA" or "A LAS" for noon).

Spanish I Tier III Vocabulary

Unidad 1 Expansión de

vocabulario

Lección 1

¿Qué te gusta hacer?

Talk About Activities

cuidar niños to baby-sit

pintar to paint

la reunión meeting

el club club

manejar to drive

trabajar a tiempo

parcial

to work part-time

trabajar de

voluntario

to volunteer

tocar un instrumento to play an instrument

Instruments

el piano piano

el clarinete clarinet

la fl auta fl ute

el saxofón saxophone

el tambor drum

la trompeta trumpet

la viola viola

el violín violin

Snack Foods and Beverages

la merienda snack

las papitas chips

las galletas saladas crackers

las galletitas cookies

el chicle chewing gum

los dulces candy

la limonada lemonade

Describe Yourself and Others

Personality

listo(a) clever / smart

callado(a) quiet

extrovertido(a) outgoing

tímido(a) shy

sincero(a) sincere

tonto(a) silly

travieso(a) mischievous

paciente patient

talentoso(a) talented

creativo(a) creative

ambicioso(a) ambitious

Appearance

el pelo oscuro dark hair

el pelo rizado curly hair

el pelo lacio straight hair

calvo(a) bald

los frenillos braces

People

el (la) policía police offi cer

el actor actor

la actriz actress

el (la) compañero(a)

de clase

classmate

el (la) bombero(a) fi refi ghter

el (la) secretario(a) secretary

el jefe, la jefa boss

Lección 2

Mis amigos y yo

RECURSOS

R2 Expansión de vocabulario

R3

Unidad 1

EXPANSIÓN DE

VOCABULARIO

Expansión de

vocabulario

12 Lección 1

Somos estudiantes

Lección 2

En la escuela

Describe Classroom Objects

la carpeta folder

las tijeras scissors

la regla ruler

el diccionario dictionary

la impresora printer

la bandera fl ag

el globo globe

Places in School

la sala de clase classroom

el casillero locker

el auditorio auditorium

Say Where Things Are Located

entre between

fuera (de) out / outside (of)

(a la) derecha (de) (to the) right (of)

(a la) izquierda (de) (to the) left (of)

aquí here

allí there

enfrente (de) across from, facing

Talk About How You Feel

feliz, alegre happy

preocupado(a) worried

listo(a) ready

Estoy de acuerdo. I agree.

Other Words and Phrases

mismo(a) same

según according to

creer to think, to believe

especialmente especially

olvidar to forget

sobre about

además besides, further

sufi ciente, bastante enough

sin without

RECURSOS

Expansión de vocabulario R3

Tell Time and Discuss Daily Schedules

la medianoche midnight

el mediodía noon

Describing Classes

School Subjects

la asignatura school subject

la educación física physical education

las ciencias sociales social studies

la geometría geometry

la geografía geography

el álgebra algebra

la lengua, el idioma language

la literatura literature

la biología biology

la química chemistry

la banda band

el coro choir

la orquesta orchestra

la hora de estudio study hall

In School

la asamblea assembly

el recreo recess, break

Classroom Activities

preguntar to ask

la respuesta answer

la prueba test, quiz

Describe Frequency

cada each

a veces sometimes

¿Con qué frecuencia...? How often. . . ?

rara vez rarely

Other Words and Phrases

terminar to fi nish

esperar to wait (for)

mientras while

otra vez again

Unidad 1

2

R4

Expansión de

vocabulario

Talk About Family

el esposo husband

la esposa wife

la hermanastra stepsister

el hermanastro stepbrother

la media hermana half-sister

el medio hermano half-brother

el nieto grandson

la nieta granddaughter

el sobrino nephew

la sobrina niece

el (la) bebé baby

Pets

el pájaro bird

el pez (pl. los peces) fi sh

el conejo rabbit

el lagarto lizard

la rana frog

el hámster hamster

Talk About Foods and Beverages

For Breakfast

desayunar to have breakfast

la mantequilla butter

la miel honey

el pan tostado toast

el batido milkshake, smoothie

For Lunch

la bolsa bag

la mantequilla de

cacahuate

peanut butter

la jalea jelly

el atún tuna

la ensalada salad

Fruit

el plátano banana; plantain

la toronja grapefruit

la piña pineapple

el durazno peach

el limón lemon

la sandía watermelon

Lección 1

Mi comida favorita

Lección 2

En mi familia

Unidad 3 RECURSOS

R4 Expansión de vocabulario

R5

Unidad 4

EXPANSIÓN DE

VOCABULARIO

Expansión de

vocabulario

Describe Clothing

las botas boots

el impermeable raincoat

la falda skirt

el suéter sweater

la sudadera (con

capucha)

(hooded) sweatshirt

los pantalones

deportivos

sweatpants

el abrigo coat

los zapatos de tenis tennis shoes, sneakers

el pijama pajamas

las sandalias sandals

la gorra baseball cap

las gafas de sol sunglasses

los guantes gloves

la bufanda scarf

el paraguas umbrella

la bolsa bag, purse

Colors

morado(a) purple

rosado(a) pink

gris gray

Discuss Seasons

el norte north

el sur south

el este east

el oeste west

Lección 1

¡Vamos de compras!

Describe Places In Town

la iglesia church

el edifi cio building

el centro de videojuegos arcade

la piscina pool

la acera sidewalk

el correo post offi ce

la librería bookstore

la zapatería shoe store

el templo temple

la tienda de discos music store

Music

el rap rap

alternativa alternative

la música electrónica electronic music, techno

la canción song

la letra lyrics

In a Restaurant

la cuchara spoon

el cuchillo knife

el tenedor fork

el vaso glass

la servilleta napkin

el tazón bowl

la taza cup

For Dinner

el puerco pork

el pavo turkey

los fi deos noodles

la salsa sauce

la pimienta pepper

la sal salt

los mariscos seafood

Vegetables

la zanahoria carrot

la lechuga lettuce

el maíz corn

Lección 2

¿Qué hacemos esta

noche?

Unidad 4

RECURSOS

Expansión de vocabulario R5

R6

Expansión de

vocabulario

Plan a Party

sorprender to surprise

el aniversario anniversary

el confeti confetti

la celebración celebration

el día festivo holiday

el ponche punch

los juegos games

los premios prizes

Holidays/Celebrations

el bautizo baptism

la graduación graduation

la Navidad Christmas

la Nochebuena Christmas Eve

la Pascua Florida Easter

el Ramadán Ramadan

Rosh Hashaná Rosh Hashanah

la Jánuca Hanukkah

la Nochevieja New Year’s Eve

el día de Año Nuevo New Year’s Day

la confi rmación confi rmation

el bar / bat mitzvá bar / bat mitzvah

Talk About Gifts

la tarjeta de

cumpleaños

birthday card

la tarjeta de regalo gift card

el certifi cado de

regalo

gift certifi cate

Talk About Chores and Responsibilities

quitar la mesa to clear the table

el estipendio allowance

Describe A House

el garaje garage

la pared wall

el traspatio back yard

antiguo(a) old, ancient

la cerca fence

Describe Household Items

el congelador freezer

la estufa stove

el refrigerador refrigerator

el lavaplatos dishwasher

el microondas microwave

la videograbadora VCR

el teléfono celular cellular phone

los audífonos headphones

Lección 1

Vivimos aquí

Lección 2

Una fi esta en casa

Unidad 5 RECURSOS

R6 Expansión de vocabulario

R7

Unidad 6

EXPANSIÓN DE

VOCABULARIO

Expansión de

vocabulario

Sports

esquiar to ski

hacer snowboard to snowboard

el gol goal

el hockey hockey

el golf golf

la gimnasia gymnastics

el jonrón homerun

los deportes de pista

y campo

track and fi eld

correr a campo

traviesa

to run cross country

el (la) porrista cheerleader

la carrera race

las artes marciales martial arts

caerse to fall

saltar to jump

hacer trucos to do tricks

Locations and People

la pista track

el (la) entrenador(a) coach

el (la) capitán del

equipo

team captain

el árbitro referee, umpire

Lección 1

¿Cuál es tu deporte

favorito?

Talking About Staying Healthy

el (la) doctor(a) doctor

el (la) paciente patient

el consultorio doctor’s offi ce

tener una cita to have an appointment

la alergia allergy

la gripe fl u

el resfriado cold

estornudar to sneeze

toser to cough

la medicina medicine

Parts of the Body

el dedo fi nger

el dedo de pie toe

el cuello neck

la espalda back

la garganta throat

el hombro shoulder

el oído inner ear

la muñeca wrist

Outdoor activities

las máquinas para

hacer ejercicio

exercise machines

remar to row

hacer aeróbicos to do aerobics

The Beach

la arena sand

el traje de baño bathing suit

el tiburón shark

el delfín dolphin

la toalla towel

las olas waves

el (la) salvavidas lifeguard

Lección 2

La salud

Unidad 6

RECURSOS

Expansión de vocabulario R7

R8

Expansión de

vocabulario

At the Amusement Park

el carrusel carousel

el tobogán acuático water slide

el espectáculo show

Places of Interest

At the Aquarium

la ballena whale

el pez (pl. los peces) fi sh

la tortuga turtle

la foca seal

At the Fair

los juegos mecánicos rides

el algodón de azúcar cotton candy

los animales de peluche stuffed animals

At the Zoo

el león lion

el tigre tiger

el oso bear

el canguro kangaroo

el pingüino penguin

el mono monkey

el hipopótamo hippopotamus

la jirafa giraffe

la jaula cage

Extend Invitations

Decline

¿Quizás otra vez? Maybe another time?

Make a Phone Call

¿De parte de quién? Who’s calling?

¿Puedo tomar un

mensaje?

Can I take a message?

Puedo llamar más

tarde.

I can call back later.

Talk About Technology

el apodo screen name

la contraseña password

cortar y pegar to cut and paste

borrar to delete

el archivo adjunto attachment

la sonrisa, la carita

feliz (emoticono)

smiley face (emoticon)

escribir a máquina to type

charlar en línea to chat

la cadena de e-mail e-mail chain (forward)

arroba @ (at)

punto com .com (dot com)

el enlace link

el blog blog

bajar música to download music

el tocador de mp3

(eme pe tres)

mp3 player

comenzar / terminar

la sesión

to log on / to log off

Lección 1

En el cibercafé

Lección 2

Un día en el parque de

diversiones

Unidad 7 RECURSOS

R8 Expansión de vocabulario

R9

Unidad 8

EXPANSIÓN DE

VOCABULARIO

Expansión de

vocabulario

Talk About a Daily Routine

el despertador alarm clock

rizarse el pelo to curl one’s hair

alisarse el pelo to straighten one’s hair

Talk About Grooming

el desodorante deodorant

la seda dental dental fl oss

el acondicionador conditioner

la loción lotion

el gel hair gel

el lápiz labial lipstick

el rímel mascara

la sombra de ojos eye shadow

el perfume perfume

la colonia cologne

Discussing a Vacation

el lago lake

el río river

hacer / tener una

reservación

to make / have a

reservation

el aeropuerto airport

Lección 1

Pensando en las

vacaciones

Talk About Vacation Activities

la tienda de campaña tent

la cabaña cabin

ver las atracciones to go sightseeing

pescar to go fi shing

mandar tarjetas

postales

to send postcards

el (la) turista tourist

Talk About Shopping

el dinero en efectivo cash

la tarjeta de crédito credit card

probarse la ropa to try on clothing

el probador fi tting room

el recibo receipt

la moneda coin

la talla (clothing) size

la vitrina store window

gastar to spend

la caja cash register

la billetera wallet

el cajero automático automatic teller

machine

Jewelry and Handicrafts

la pulsera bracelet

la joyería jewelry store

brillante shiny

el diamante diamond

Bargaining

¿Tiene otros(as)? Do you have others?