Hemorrhoid

By Cheryl

What is a Hemorrhoid?

A hemorrhoid are swollen veins in the anal canal. Hemorrhoids are a common thing to have. The digestive system is affected by this issue, primarily the anus.

Cause

Hemorrhoids are caused by pressure on the veins in the pelvic area. Some things that can cause a hemorrhoid are:

Hurrying to finish

Constant diarrhea

Pregnancy

Being overweight

Heart and liver problems

Symptoms

Bleeding during bowel movements

Itching

Rectal pain

Diagnosis

Physical exam

Digital Rectum Examination - Dr. puts a gloved finger in the anus

Anoscopy - Lighted tube used to see inside the anus.

Proctoscopy - Lighted tube used to see entire rectum.

Sigmoidoscopy - Lighted tube used to see up to a portion of the large intestine.

Colonoscopy - Lighted tube used to see into the colon.

Treatments

There are many ways to get rid of a hemorrhoid, such as the following:

Heat/lasers

Rubber banding

Surgery

Ointments

Change in diet and bowel habits

Prognosis

Hemorrhoids will go away after a while.

Most Commonly Found

Men are more likely to get hemorrhoids.

No certain racial group is more likely.

Current Research

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases is researching ways to prevent hemorrhoids.

Works Cited

Medical News Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2015. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/73938.php>.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/hemorrhoids/Pages/facts.aspx>.

The University of Chicago Medicine. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2015. <http://www.uchospitals.edu/online-library/content=P00374>.

WebMD. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/tc/hemorrhoids-topic-overview>.