Wood Joints

Jesse Nester

Mortise and Tenon

Advantages:
  • Strongest of all joints.
  • Cannot wobble and difficult to pull out.
  • Joins legs and rails in chairs and beds.


Disadvantages:

  • Difficult to mark and cut out.

Dowel

Advantages:
  • Quick and easy to make.


Disadvantages:

  • Drilling accurate holes difficult.

Dovetail

Advantages:
  • Very strong joint and resists being pulled apart.
  • Good for joining all sides of drawers.


Disadvantages:

  • Difficult to mark and cut out.

Tongue and Groove

Advantages:
  • Easy to measure and cut; invisible.
  • Used for table tops and floors.


Disadvantages:

  • Tongues can break easily; cannot be disassembled.

Butt

Advantages:
  • Easiest to make.


Disadvantages:

  • Weakest type of joint.

Corner Blocks

Advantages:
  • Added to make joints more secure, such as the frames of chairs and tables.


Disadvantages:

  • None.

Mitered

Advantages:
  • Aesthetically pleasing.


Disadvantages:

  • Not very strong.