Era of Carter

Election of Carter

  • election of 1978 was between the Democrat elected Jimmy Carter and the Republican elected Gerald Ford
  • Carter won both the electoral and popular votes, however, Ford was not far behind on these votes and was a close race

Humanitarian Efforts

  • a champion president in humanitarian efforts and charities
  • advocated for blacks especially in Zimbabwe and South Africa
  • help relieve tensions between Egypt and Israel that resulted in the Camp Davis Accords which were peace accords between the two nations
  • structured and heightened alliances and relations with foreign nations including Panama and China

Economic and Energy Issues

  • Carter tried to tackle the economic inflation issue by blaming the nation's spending on foreign oil (mainly in the Middle East)
  • focused his attention on energy conservation which the Congress and public did not follow through wholly
  • energy crisis occurred when Israel began imposing barriers to Western influence after the rise of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
  • Iran stopped exporting out oil and OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) raised oil prices

Issue of Iran

  • dictator of Iran, Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, was taken over by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
  • barriers from Western influences were enacted
  • Iran Hostage Crisis involved the anti-American Muslims taking American hostages for the exchange of a shah
  • under Carter, the hostages failed to be returned home until Reagan's inaguration