Welcome to Botswana

Period 6- Anna Guzniczak

Geography

Botswana is 600,370 square km. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone. The climate is semiarid, warm winters and hot summers. The land is usually flat to gently rolling plateaus, it also has the Kalahari Desert in the southwest. The national symbol is the Zebra. The population is 2,098,018 people. The major cities are Gabrone (capital) 196,000 people in 2009, Francistown, and Molepolole. some natural resources are diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, and silver.

History

1. In 1885, Britain established the area as a protectorate, then known as Bechuanaland

2. Self-government began in 1965, and on Sept. 30, 1966, the country became independent.

3.In 1999, the nation suffered its first budget deficit in 16 years because of a slump in the international diamonds.

4.After 17 years in power, President Ketumile Masire retired in 1997, and Festus Mogae, an Oxford-educated economist, became the new president.

5. In 2001, Botswana had the highest rate of HIV infection in the world.

Culture

Music culture in Tswana. Tswana music is mostly vocal and performed without drums and it also makes heavy use of string instruments. Tswana folk music has got instruments such as Setinkane, and Segankure for the last few decades, a guitar has been celebrated as a versatile music instrument for Tswana music. The population of Botswana is divided into the main ethnic groups of Tswana people, Kalanga people, and Basarwa people.
Hymne national du Botswana

Government

Botswana is a parliamentary representative democratic republic. The President of Botswana is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Botswana. The Judiciary is independent of the Executive and the Legislature.

Econimics

Botswana has had the highest average economic growth rate in the world, averaging about 9% per year from 1966 to 1999. Botswana's impressive economic record has been built on a foundation of diamond mining, prudent fiscal policies, international financial and technical assistance, and a cautious foreign policy.It is rated the least corrupt country in Africa, according to an international corruption watchdog, Transparency International.

Top 5 Places to Visit

1. Centeral Kalahari

2. Chief's island

3. Chobe National Park

4. Linyanti Consecrations

5. Linyanti Wetlands