Dietary Guidelines

what do the dietary guidelines do for americans

B. what is meant by a health risk?

likelihood of developing health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers.

C. define die?

diet is an eating plan.

getting enough nutrients within your calorie needs?

B. 4 factors that determine calorie needs?

age, gender, activity level, maintain or loose weight.

C. define nutrient-dense foods?

food that provides high amount of vitamins and minerals for relatively few calories.

how to maintain an healthy weight?

B. define risk factor?

a condition that increases your chances of developing a problem.

C. health problems related to too much body fat?

diabetes,heart disease,high blood pressure,some types of cancer, and arthritis.

D. health risk for being under weight.

heart disease and diabetes,lowered immune system,anemia,fertility issues,and osteoporosis and broken bones.

E. 2 suggestions for loosing weight?

balance between food and physical activity.

suggestions for being physical active every day?

B. two ways that active living helps you?

it helps us control our weight, strengthen your heart and lungs,increase your endurance and flexibility, and reduce your risk for future health problems.

C. how much physical activity should a teen get?

60 minutes or more daily.

D. get involved in a team or individual sport, and use the stairs instead of the elevator.

importance of whole grains,fruits,vegetable and milk?

B. three reasons why these foods are healthy?

they are nutrient rich,cholesterol free, and naturally low in fats and calories.

C.two health benefits of these foods?

heart disease and cancer.

D. three ways to include these foods in your diet?

make whole grain products the star of your meals, eat fruits and vegetables, and drink yogurt smoothies for snacks. add low-fat cheese to sandwiches.

how to limit fats and cholesterol?

B. 2 types of unhealthy fats that raise cholesterol?

saturated fats and trans fats.

C. diseases that can develop from high fat diet?

heart disease.

D. guidelines to achieve moderate total fat intake?

calories in should equal calories out.

be choosy about carbohydrates?

B. food with natural sugar?

nutrient-rich fruit and milk.

C. food with added sugars?

candy and soft drinks.

D. why should you limit your sugar intake?

because it promotes sugar decay.

why reduce sodium and increase potassium?

B. how does sodium benefit your body?

It helps control body fluids.

C. diseases link to excess sodium?

high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke.

D. what is the function of potassium?

it helps counteract sodium's effects on blood pressure.

Avoid alcohol

B. three reasons teens should avoid alcohol?

it can cause violence, emotional problems, and dependency.

why is food safety an important part of the dietary guidelines?

B. it is free from bacteria and contaminants.