Teaching in the 21st Century

Strategies for Teaching All Students

Memorization: Getting the Facts Straight Chapter 9

Memorization is a cognitive structure for storing and recalling information. The more connections we make through recognition and classification, the more likely we are to remember information. Rote memory stores bits of data without connecting to existing knowledge, memorization activates different parts of the mind to reconstruct information. There is a difference between understanding and memorizing.

Discuss with your colleagues what you think are the differences between understanding and memorizing....

Example: we can understand what we read or see, but to remember it, we have to consciously process it for access. Without the opportunity or ability to effectively process information students resort to memorization, guessing , and mental disengagement.

Cognitive structure of memorization is usually described as three stages:

  • Short-term memory- temporarily remembers information available to the senses
  • Continuous memory- makes connections with prior knowledge and experiences
  • Long-term memory- makes information accessible depending on how effectively it is processed.

Continuous memory and long term memory involve physical and mental skills that become automatic with practice. Integrated information is more likely to be remembered and accessed than disconnected bits of data.


Mnemonics is a memory enhancing instructional strategy that involves teaching students to link new information that is taught to information they already know.

5 reasons mnemonics work as well a they do:

  • meaningfulness
  • organization
  • association
  • visualization
  • attention

Latin American Countries Pre-Test

Mnemonic Lesson


Latin American Countries Post-Test

Mnemonic Methods

  • Link Word- (key word) most widely used strategy. Provides students with familiar material to link with the unfamiliar item and provides an association to establish the meaning of the new material. Use of images and exaggeration can make this method more effective.
  • Peg Word-the student must first remember a list of words that have a specific order to them and could sound like the corresponding number. one=bun two=shoe three=tree These words act as "pegs" to hang information
  • Loci method- involves associating information with known places in the order a person would move through the location.

How can you use mnemonics with the Common Core State Standards and North Carolina Essential Standards?

Assessment Examples and MSL's


NBC Education Nation


Discussion...... and Questions......

Time to work on your online assignments!!!

Thanks for allowing me to spend time with you tonight!!!!!