Factors of Ageing

Factors influencing health and well being.

The social, economic, cultural and physical environment in which people live their lives has a significant effect on their health and well-being. Although genetics and personal behaviour play a strong part in determining an individual's health, good health starts where we live, where we work and learn, and where we play.

Improving community health requires taking a broader view of the conditions that create health and well-being, from how we plan and develop our urban spaces and places, to the opportunities for employment, recreation, and social connection available to all who live in them.

Managing Stress

"Stress arise when individuals perceive that they cannot adequately cope with the demands being made on them or with threats to their wellbeing,"

Common Life Stressors

  • Death

  • Divorce

  • Loss of job

  • Finance e.t.c

Impact of stress

Affects fetal development and outcomes.

Predicts negative health behaviours and relapse smoking, alcohol abuse and sleeplessness.

Alzheimer's disease

Affects the medical temporal lobe and cortical networks, including posterior cingulate and retrospective cortex early in its progression, often before clinical symptoms are recognised.

Long term memory and working memory are commonly impaired while rote retrieval of word meaning (vocabulary) and priming remain relatively intact.

Hygiene and exercise

Older people and those with poor immune systems are all more likely to get illnesses than adults. One sure way of stopping the spread of disease and illness is maintaining a high standard of personal hygiene.

Lack of personal hygiene

Bacteria and germs can only exist as long as they find the right conditions. Washing regularly with soap and hot water is the normal way to limit the amount of bacteria that we carry.

For example, dental hygiene involves flossing, brushing your teeth and regularly visiting a dentist.

Lack of regular physical exercise

A lot of people misunderstand the need for regular exercise. They think that taking regular exercise means joining a gym or going for a jog. Instead, your exercise could be simply walking to work every day or cycling to the cinema in the evening.


The amount of money they have to spend and the place that they live have a large impact upon their health and quality of life.

For many people in this country, the place where they live is more likely to be responsible for their death than it is for their happiness. Thousands suffer each year because of their environment.


The more money you have the healthier you are likely to be. Wealthy people can afford the right food, the right lifestyle and the right treatment. They've got gym membership for the body and relaxing holidays for the mind. Unfortunately, not everyone is that wealthy.

Imagine a scale of wealth. At one end you have a homeless person, and at the other there is a multi-millionaire. This scale would in many ways represent heath as well as wealth.

Social isolation

Older people, or people of any age that are bereaved, may feel that they are all alone in the world. They may have few family or friends to talk to, and the resulting loneliness can bring about health problems. For instance, if they have a fall and cannot raise the alarm, a simple injury could become life-threatening.