Life With Type 2 Diabetes

Olivia Bonin and Hadley Dove, 7th Period PBS

Biological Background of Diabetes:

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin. Insulin is a hormone that signals the cells to take in glucose from the blood stream. Insulin is produced in the Beta Cells of the pancreas. In type 2 diabetes, the insulin is unable to signal cells to take in glucose, so diabetic's blood sugar is usually higher than normal.

Recommendations For a Diabetic Diet:

  • Cut down on junk food and all over-processed foods.
  • Watch the amount of food consumed. Less is better.
  • Eat more foods containing Omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Eat less simple sugars.
  • Whole grains. fruit, non-fat dairy, beans, low-fat meat, poultry, fish, dark leafy vegetables, citrus, sweet potatoes, berries, tomato, nuts, and yogurt are all smart choices.
  • Eat nutrient-rich food to get all the necessary nutrients in the least total amount of food possible.
  • Drink a lot of water and avoid sugary drinks like soda.

Role of Blood Sugar Monitoring and Adjustment:

It is important for diabetics to maintain a safe level of blood sugar in order to prevent hypoglycemia. The purpose of monitoring blood sugar is to collect data on the person's blood sugar so they can be informed on how to deal with their current situation; whether they need to lower or raise their blood sugar. It is also important for doctors to determine how to treat a diabetic patient. It helps people to control their diabetes and solve any problems before they escalate out of control.

The A1C test is the most frequently used test for diabetes. It is taken every few months to see how well the person has been handling their diabetes. The test is done in a lab where they draw blood and measure how much excess sugar has built up on the hemoglobin. If the results report a high level of sugar build-up, that is bad and unhealthy.

Recommendations for Exercise and Lifestyle:

Exercise is important for everyone, but especially for diabetics because when the body is active, the cells become more sensitive to insulin. This helps body functions run more efficiently and it helps to lower blood sugar. Exercise also starts a cellular process to take in glucose without the aid of insulin. Lowering blood sugar improves the A1C, which can lower the need for certain diabetes medicines. Regular exercise can also help prevent other health problems such as heart disease, stroke, weight gain, stress, depression, and it improves blood circulation.

Be careful when going to restaurants, and try to make the safest choices possible. Stay around people who know how to support and care for you in case of emergency.

Biomedical Professionals Involved in the Treatment of Diabetes:

  • Nutritionist - Maintaining a healthy balanced diet is very important. Nutritionists aid diabetics in creating a diet plan that meets their needs. They teach them how to follow diets, avoid dangerous meals, and lose weight.
  • Endocrinologist - They diagnose and treat hormone imbalances. Diabetes is the most common disorder of the endocrine system. Their job is to treat diabetics with blood-sugar reducing medications, mainly insulin.
  • Psychologist - They work with diabetics to promote healthy behavior as well as treating and diagnosing any psychological disorders that come as a side affect of the disease. Diabetics commonly experience stress and depression that can make diabetes worse.