Trauma Informed Newsletter

Parkway Montessori Middle School-November 2016

Trauma Review

Each month we will be sending out a newsletter to help Parkway be a trauma informed school. In this first newsletter, we wanted to take a few minutes to review what it means to be a trauma informed school.

Watch the video below to review: what trauma is, how many people are affected by trauma, and how trauma impacts the brain.

Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma—Introduction


The Adverse Childhood Experiences (or ACEs) study focused on analyzing the relationship between childhood trauma the risk for health and social problems in adulthood.

An ACE is a traumatic experience in a person's life that occurs before the age of 18. There are 10 types of ACEs:

1. Physical Abuse

2. Sexual Abuse

3. Emotional Abuse

4. Neglect

5. Mental Illness of a Household Member

6. Problematic Drinking or Drug Use by a Household Member

7. Divorce or Loss of a Parent

8. Domestic Violence toward a Parent

9. Incarceration of a Parent

10. Mental Illness of a Household Member

A person's ACE score is the cumulative number of ACEs that they experienced during childhood. In 2011, the Minnesota Department of Health found that about 55% of Minnesota adults report having experienced one or more ACE.

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ACEs Impact

As the number of ACEs increases, the risk for health and social problems increases as well. Those who report having 4+ ACEs, are at an even higher risk for health and social problems in adulthood.

The image below outlines the different risks associated with ACEs.

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How Can We Respond?

With all the negative effects that ACEs can bring, it is important to remember that we can help students overcome the negative effects.

"Having a grandparent who loves you, a teacher who understands and believes in you, or a trusted friend you can confide in may mitigate the long-term effects of early trauma, psychologists say"-NPR

Positive experiences can help build resiliency for students. We can help in schools by:

  • Increase awareness by talking about ACEs & they impact they can have
  • Create a predictable, consistent, safe environment for students
  • Listen to student's stories
  • Be a caring adult that students can turn to

Historical Trauma

Another important, and often overlooked, aspect of trauma is historical trauma. Historical trauma are shared experiences communities/groups have faced that result in cumulative emotional and psychological wounds that are transmitted from generation to generation.


  • Slavery
  • Genocide
  • Forced Relocation
  • Destruction of Cultural Practices

"The effects of the traumas inflicted on groups of people because of their race, creed, and ethnicity linger on the souls of their descendants. As a result, many people in these communities experience higher rates of mental and physical illness, substance abuse, and erosion in families and community structures. The persistent cycle of trauma destroys family and communities and threatens the vibrancy of entire cultures"

- University of Minnesota, Historical Trauma & Cultural Healings

Throughout the year, we will continue to reflect on how historical trauma affects students at Parkway.

School Social Worker Contact Information

Kim Stout:


Jena Henry:


Brandon Johnson:


Natalia Gall (SW Intern):

Paul Schuster (SW Intern):