Native American Tribes in Texas

Coastal Plains, Plains, Puebloan and Southeastern Indians

First people in Texas

14,000 years ago people migrated over a land bridge now called, the Bering Strait, that connected Asia with North America. The first group of people to arrive in Texas were the Paleo-Indians. They lived in rock shelters, gathered plants and berries, and hunted small animals. Paleo-Indians lived along the Rio Grande, in the Panhandle and central Texas.


Texas was home to tribes, bands, and groups of native Americans who lived in all areas of the state. The names we know them by were given to them by others. The first records we have mentioning Native Americans were along the coast where the explores landed. These records included the Caddo, Coahuiltecan, Karankawa and Jumano.

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