By: Angelica Lopez

John Peter Muhlenberg

an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War, he served in the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Pennsylvania; Founding father

John Witherspoon

American Revolutionary leader and educator (born in Scotland) who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and president of the college that became Princeton University (1723-1794)

Charles Carroll

Signer of the Declaration of Independence who showed patriotism at the time of the Revolutionary War helping to pave the way for a greater acceptance of Catholics in the new nation

Frances Willard

Became leader of the WCTU. She worked to educate people about the evils of alcohol. She urged laws banning the sale of liquor. Also worked to outlaw saloons as step towards strengthening democracy.


Efforts to improve the well-being of humankind, generally through giving money

Benjamin Rush

1745- 1813 patriot and doctor; signer of the Declaration of Independence and strong supporter of the Constitution

Klondike Gold Rush

a frenzy of gold rush immigration to and for gold prospecting, along the Klondike River near Dawson City, Yukon, Canada after gold was discovered there in the late 19th century.

Teapot Dome Scandal

A horrible political scandal involving the private bribery of Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall in exchange for government oileries. Up to that point, it was considered the worst political scandal in American History.

Social Gospel

A movement in the late 1800s / early 1900s which emphasized charity and social responsibility as a means of salvation, taught religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization


Emphasized that human inequalities were inherited and warned against breeding the "unfit" or "inferior"

Tin Pan Alley

is the name given to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 1800's and early 1900's.

Harlem Renaissance

A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished.


A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.


A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition

Munich Pact

Signed in 1938 between Great Britain, Gemany, and France that gave part of Czechoslovakia to Germany; Chamberlain said it guaranteed "peace in our time"

Robert Oppenheimer

United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb (1904-1967)

Civilian Conservation Corps

Hired young, unemployed people to do restoration projects throughout the country, employed over 3 million people.

Flying Tigers

US pilots who fought for China during WWII

Emperor Hirohito

emperor of Japan during WWII. his people viewed him as a god

The Beat Generation

Central elements of "Beat" culture include a rejection of mainstream American values, for experimentation with drugs and alternate forms of sexuality, and an interest in Eastern spirituality. Spontaneity in living. Attempt to convey pure emotion. Allen Ginsberg, Kerouac, Carl Sandburg.