Indus River Valley

relics of the past


Harappa was a city in the Indus River Valley that settled before the civilization existed and is still an inhabited town today. It was one of the largest settlements that existed during the peak of the Indus civilization. This was one if the archaeological gold mines, along with sites such as Mohenjo-daro.


The script used by the Indus people is indecipherable today. It is composed of mostly pictures, similar to hieroglyphics, but also includes many abstract signs. It is believed to have been written from right to left. The script is thought to have between 400 and 600 letters and symbols. Many attempts at translating it have been made, but with no success.

Religion in the Indus Valley Civilization

Organization of Government

The Indus River Valley had an advanced social hierarchy based on occupation. The highest class was the rulers of the city-states and the priests. Next were the soldiers and warriors, called Kshatriyas. The third group was made up of herders, farmers, artisans, and merchants. The fourth class was composed of the slaves and servants. However, there was an even lower group, called the dalits. They weren't considered part of the hierarchy. They did jobs that others wouldn't, such as making leather from animal skin.