Digital Literacies

by Sharon Matney

Skills taught should be embedded into the curriculum and scaffolded among grade levels.

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Information Literacy

Today’s students need to develop information skills that will enable them to use technology as an important tool for learning, both now and in the future. (AASL Standards for the 21st-Century Learner)


Students need the information literacy skills to:

  • Identify own areas of interest and focus efforts in personal learning

  • Locate trustworthy sources of information -- Move beyond Google & Wikipedia. Rely on experts and trusted organizations.

  • Understand major differences between a website and a research database (subject headings)

  • Use a variety of search strategies -- Keywords/synonyms, quotations around phrases, and Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT)

  • Cite sources

Digital Citizenship

Understand and demonstrate social, legal, and ethical practices that transfer from formal and informal situations.


Students need the digital citizenship skills to:

  • Stay safe online

  • Post and comment appropriately on social media

  • Use information responsibly

  • Contribute to the exchange of ideas within the learning community

  • Be a self-motivated and inquisitive learner

  • Demonstrate leadership and confidence by presenting ideas to others in both formal and informal situations

  • Transfer taught social skills from school to home life.

Computer Operations

Use a variety of devices and technology tools to have a progressing understanding of computer systems and applications.


Students need the basic computer skills to:

  • Download and upload

  • Use keyboard conventions and shortcuts

  • Copy and paste

  • Format text

  • Use capital sentences and punctuation

  • Print

  • Access digital files

  • Code (Hour of Code, Scratch, Lego Robotics)

  • Embed

RESOURCES