Propane

Taylor O'Connell

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What Is Propane?

Propane is a energy source containing three carbons in linear form. At room temperature, propane is a gas. However, under high pressure, it becomes a liquid which can be easily transported and sold. Currently, propane is derived during the processing of natural gas and petroleum refining. The best part is that propane is the cleanest burning fuel.

Is Propane Renweable?

Propane is a non-renewable energy source like all fossil fuels—coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Propane is very similar to natural gas. It cannot be produced at a rate of which can support our needs.

Where is Propane Produced?

Propane comes from natural gas and petroleum wells. 55 percent of the propane used in the United States is extracted from raw natural gas. (Raw natural gas is natural gas that hasn't been cleaned and processed yet.) Raw natural gas contains about 90 percent methane, 5 percent propane, and 5 percent other gases. The propane is separated from the other gases at a natural gas processing plant. The remaining 45 percent is extracted from petroleum. Petroleum is separated into its various parts at a processing plant called a refinery, or it is imported.

How is propane produced?

Modern processes of propane production involves pumping out oil from the ground. During the extraction of oil from the earth, a mixture of raw and wet gas is collected. The two are separated, with the wet gas containing propane. The wet gas is then cooled and separated into natural gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). The LPG is then purified and can be separated to create propane fuel.
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Public propane fueling stations

There are exactly 2,534 propane stations in the United States today.


what are the uses for propane?

There are a variety of commercial and utility vehicles which use it as fuel including fork lifts. Propane is applied in household water heaters, clothes driers, fireplaces, grills and stove tops. RVs use propane to provide comfort in remote areas.

Farming

Propane is used by more than 500,000 farmers across the United States. Farmers use it to rid crops of weeds and insects using propane flamers. Because of its non-toxic makeup, propane is also used to fuel machines that help dry crops. on farms for uses such as pest control, crop drying, and irrigation pumps

In the Home

Propane is used in homes for air conditioning, heating water, cooking and refrigerating foods, drying clothes, lighting, and fueling fireplaces. It can also help heat water heaters, recreational swimming pools and spa heaters, as well as outdoor lamps.

Equipment

  • Propane can power equipment like forklifts and tractors. According to the Minnesota Propane Association, propane when used on equipment like forklifts, can give off fewer emissions than Occupational Safety Health Administration standards.

Industrial

Industry uses almost three-quarters of the propane consumed in the U.S. Some industries find propane well suited to their special needs. Metal workers use propane tanks to fuel their cutting torches and other equipment. More than 350,000 industrial sites use propane as fuel. It is also used as fuel for chemical boilers in heating schools.

What uses propane?

WHo uses propane?

Propane is a trusted and reliable energy source that is used by millions of Americans each day. It fulfills energy needs by burning cleanly and efficiently, giving consumers more value for their dollar.

What is the cost of propane compared to other energy producers?

According to a recent U.S. Department of Energy study, electricity costs twice as much as propane. Homes fueled by propane often have a better resale value and require far less energy. Consumers can save up to $300 annually by switching to a propane gas furnace and $150 each year with a propane water heater. Our local propane store (Stricks LP Gas) sells a 4.5 gallon (20 pound) propane refill for about $14.00. A 22 gallon (100 pound) propane refill would cost about $67.00.

WHat is the benifits of using propane?

Every time you replace an electric appliance with a propane one, you could save up to 50% – or more dollars each year. Propane makes sense because it costs so much less than electricity, installs easily, and is environmentally friendly. Propane is not a Greenhouse fuel, and is the gas that emits the fewest hurtful discharge. It offers the perfect energy solution for water heating, space heating, cooking, clothes drying, gas logs and fireplaces, pool heaters, generators, gas lamps, and patio heaters. It can be used safely indoors, and is usable under a wide range of pressures and temperatures. It is easily accessible and easily transportable.


What is the environmental impact?

This changeable energy source is safely used by 60 million families for various household applications. Propane is non-toxic, it is insoluble when in water, it has no threat to the soil, and or an aquifers water supply. Unfortunately, this gas solidly contributes to global warming, and the amount continues to grow. In 2004, a recorded 5.3 billion tons of CO2 were produced in just one year.

What are the disadvantages of using propane?

Some disadvantages of using propane would be; that it is extremely flammable if it is improperly used. If it escapes a tank into a confined space, the liquid can build up and explode if exposed to a spark or flame. Propane tanks are also filled with pressure, if one tank is damaged it could causes to explosions. propane is more expensive than most of the other natural resources available. Propane does not work well under freezing temperatures. Since the propane is a gas, the cold causes it to shrink in volume. This reduces the pressure in the system, resulting in less gas reaching the burner to be ignited. This is a problem when the propane is being burned in outdoor applications like camp stoves or barbecues. Propane is not extremely widely available unlike diesel fuel or gasoline.