Horses

By: Laine Lohfink

Introduction


Introduction

in this book you will learn about four specific horse breeds mares and foals, and history about horses. if you like horses this is definitely a book for you. I hope you enjoy this book.


Mares and Foals

Mares and Foals


Highly bred horses are usually carefully watched in case something goes wrong. Between the ages of one and four a female horse is called a filly and a male foal is called a colt. Like human babies, a horse foal needs it rest but can get its feet quickly when there is danger.
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Horses in History


The earliest reliable evidence for the domestication of a horse is from the Ukraine. Horses hooves are made out of keratin which has the same substance as hair or human fingernails. A horse shoe is attached with nails.

Running Wild


There are no longer any truly living wild horses but all over the world there are herds. The last truly wild horses were the Przewalski horse which survived on the Mongolian steppe. German dülmen horse are extremely rare and they are semi wild they have been crossbred with both British and polish ponies. Camargue is from The south of France. They have very wide hooves for living on soft wet land

Horse colors


A gray coat is a horse that has black skin but white hair which makes it's coat look gray. It can be found in Connemara ponies.


Dapple gray is when when dark gray rings go over a gray coat. If can be found in Orlov Trotters.


Palomino is a color not a breed. It is between a gold and a chestnut color. It can be found in Haflingers.


Chestnut is any shade of reddish brown fur. It can be found in French Trotters.


Bay is a reddish coat almost like a chestnut with a black main. It can be found in Cleveland Bay horses.


Chocolate brown is a mix of brown in black and can be found in Arabian horses

Appaloosa

Appaloosas are unique because of their spots. Appaloosas can have spots anywhere and their bodies can be any color. If a Appaloosa has spots on it's lower back that is a blanket coat. If they have spots all over their bodies that is a leopard coat. All Appaloosas have spots around their muzzle. They have pretty thin mains and tail. They can be up to 15.2 hands tall. They are gentle and willing to work hard. Appaloosas are mainly seen in Western riding competitions but you may also see them in English riding competitions. Appaloosas were bred by the Nez Percé Indians. Modern Appaloosas will sometimes breed with quarter horses. Because the Nez Percé Indians had shelter by the Palouse River they became known as the Palouse horses, then the Palouseys, and then Appaloosas.

Trakehner (tra-kay-ner)

Trakehner are very tall horses and they can stand 16-17 hands tall. They have small heads and longnecks. They also have long and clean legs. They can be lively natured, and they have the willingness to work hard for their riders. They usually come in solid colors such as brown, chestnut, or gray. A trakehner is naturally athletic and prized for its elegant way of moving. They are excellent jumpers and hunters. Trakehner are German horses bred from Arabian and thoroughbred horses. They were first used as Cavalry horses. Trakehners can be found all over the world. Due to their large size, Trakehners are popular among Olympic events.

Andalusian Horses


They have thick and silky manes and tales. They also have muscular bodies and strong straight legs. They are intelligent and friendly personalities. Most Andalusians are some kind of gray and the other 20% are black or bay. Andalusians are not very popular in the United States but they are becoming more popular. They can jump quite well. These lovely horses come from Andalusia Spain. Andalusians was the favorite horse of Kings and Queens of the Middle Ages. Andalusians can be taught to dance

Royal Andalusian School Of Equestrian Art { Trick Riding}

Royal Andalusian School of Equestrian Art
Click here for Royal Andalusian horse School

Another Performance by the Royal Andalusian School of equestrian art

The Arabian Horse


They have curved in noses and small ears. There manes and tails are long and they are usually gray. If you see an Arabian with white patches on its nose and hooves that is not something unlikely. They have a wide range of stamina. Because they are such a outstanding breed Arabs have been bred with thoroughbreds as well. Arabs are tough competitors in endurance races. Or they are entered in fancy costume classes. The Arabian is a old breed and one of the oldest known to humans and it was found in North Africa but they are found all over the world. Legends say that the Arab holds its tail so high that if the riders cloak blew off the tail would catch it.

Horse Movement


For any other horse except the Icelandic pony the horses can usually perform a trot, a run, a walk, a gallop, and a canter. A trot is where diagonal legs move at the same time at various speeds.A run and a walk are like humans runs and walks but on a horse.a canter is where the horse alternates one leg balancing while the other three legs are moving forward. For the Icelandic pony it can do all of these and it can do a tolt which is a running walk that is very comfortable for the rider.

Icelandic horse performing a Tolt

Super Tölt on an Icelandic Horse

Markings


Blaze= a wide white stripe down the middle of the face

Strip= a narrow white stripe down the middle of the face

Bald Face= a very wide blaze going past the eyes and some horses with a bald face also have blue eyes

Faint= A permanent marking with white hair with no underlying pink skin

Interrupted= a stripe or blaze that is not connected all the way down the face

Connected= different markings that are joined together

Crooked=A stripe of blaze without a straight path

Lip markings=markings on the lip or chin

Top Ten Most Common Breeds of Horses


1.Arabian

2.Thoroughbred

3. Quarter Horse

4.Paint

5.Mustang

6.Friesian

7.Appaloosa

8.Shetland Pony

9.Gypsy Vanner

10.Morgan

Arabian Horse [Most common horse]

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