newtons first law
example: Arm is the force when throwing the hat the acceleration is the hat being thrown by the arm the greater the mass of the object throw a bolder with allot of mass needs more force to be stopped as in gravity.
newtons third law
example:two car just about the same amount of damage for the both. but say their is a bigger car and it hits a smaller car the bigger car is less likely to be wrecked by the smaller car.