China's Culture

Alicia.C, Madison.H,Marc.R

Culture Introduction

Culture is the unique part of a civilization that is necessary in order to sustain a civilization. People have culture because without culture there would not be enough occupations, which means that there would not be any specialization of labor (which is also needed to sustain a civilization), and lastly with no specialization of labor there couldn't be any social classes. As you can see culture impacted civilizations drastically, but there are five ways in particular that are important to know; Religion, in which the Chinese worshiped their ancestors, Writing, in which they kept records of teachings that were passed down through generations, Architecture in which they built several forms of defense that helped improve their daily life, Innovations in which they created things like silk that helped improve the economy, and lastly Achievements which consisted of a wide variety of accomplishments that lead China into becoming the place it is today. Culture is what crafted the Ancient River Valley Civilization of China, into what it is today. The culture developments during the River Valley civilizations made the largest impacts on the people.

Writing changed the way China did business and kept history.

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Innovations

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The Chinese traditions and religions

There were three major religions in the history of Ancient China.

They are called the three ways….

  • Taoism- Was founded during the Zhou Dynasty in the 6th century by Lao-Tzu. He wrote all of his beliefs in a book called Tao Te Ching. They didn’t believe in a lot laws which made them very different from Confucianism.

  • Confucianism- Was founded in 551 B.C.E by Confucius not long after Taoism. Confucius treated others with respect, politeness, and fairness this means his religion was peaceful, unlike Taoists. He is now famous for his saying like: Forget injuries, Never forget kindness. and When anger rises, think of the consequences.”

  • Buddhism- Was based on teaching of Buddha. Was established in Nepal

just south of China in 563 B.C.E. They believed in rebirth. They also believed in Karma, Karma was used to harm or give bad luck to the ones who did bad or sinned.

Architecture

China's Architecture


Architecture impacted the study of mathematics, science and engineering.


  1. The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China impacted the study of mathematics, science and engineering. This is true because when the wall was built, the people had to do some precise measurements, which impacted mathematics. They also made the largest man-made structure of their time which certainly made a effect towards their engineering because they became capable of making many more things after building such an important piece of architecture.


2. The Grand Canal

The Grand Canal was constructed during the reign of the Qing Dynasty. It became an efficient way for merchants and other people to travel throughout China. It also impacted the study of mathematics, science and engineering.

It impacted engineering mainly though, because since China now had a waterway meant for travel, that opened up opportunities for people to build ships and expand across the Chinese land.


3. The Forbidden City's Roofs

When you think of buildings in ancient China the thing that usually comes to mind are their famous curved roofs. Believe it or not this unique style was not only created for visual pleasure but also for drainage. This style impacted science greatly because by having tiled roofs with such a slant made it easier for water to glide off the tops of the buildings when it rained. If they were flat roofs though, then when it rained all of the water would bunch up and become one great puddle that would eventually become so heavy that it would cause the structure to collapse. This is the reason why we have slanted roofs today.


4. The Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army impacted the study of mathematics, science, and engineering. The Terracotta Army mainly impacted China's engineering because to create so many precise statues would take forever if it was done by one person so by learning about engineering and pottery more people were able to help create these statues with their knowledge.


5. Statues of gods and goddesses

These pieces of art mainly impacted science because they symbolized the religion of the people who they belonged to (buddhism, taoism, and confucianism) and depending on your religion you may believe in different scientific theories. Such as today, if you are Christian then it is likely that you would believe that the Earth was created by God in seven days, but if you don't follow this religion then you may believe that the Earth was created a long time ago by what is known as the Big Bang.

Culture Conclusion

Culture changed the way people lived day-by-day. This was shown in Ancient China through Religion where they practiced the teachings of their ancestors, Writing in which they could keep written records, Architecture where they strategically built buildings for the greater good of their civilization, Innovations which helped create more occupations, and lastly Achievements which helped China’s economy grow and shape itself into the place it is today. Culture is an important part of a civilization and it made a huge impact on the River Valley Civilizations and their people because culture determined one’s daily life routines. For example in modern day times, if you are Catholic then you generally go to church on Sundays or if you live in New York City then it is likely that you live in an apartment building because in New york City that is how they have to live due to the area around them. As you can see culture is found everywhere today just as it was in the Ancient River Valley Civilization times, so when you go through your daily routines everyday try and think about what it as to do with culture and you will get more answers than you would have ever expected.