The Federalist Papers

BY: JENNA LUCEY & CARA NEELY

Federalist Editorial

The new document to replace the Articles of Confederation, the United States Constitution, was written and signed during the Philadelphia Convention which intervened from May 25 to September 17, 1789. However, before this solution can become the supreme law, it must be ratified unanimously. Many opposed the Constitution fearing it will diminish the rights of the people, but it will do just the opposite. The constitution is required at this time to safeguard the liberty and independence that has been fought for in the American Revolution. The greatest threat of America's future prosperity is not that abuse of a central government, rather the excesses of democracy as evidenced by the chaos of Shay's rebellion in Massachusetts. For the nation to thrive, America needs to be constrained in favor of a stronger central government.

Publius

Highlights from the Interview with James Madison

Interviewer: Welcome, Mr. Madison. Thank you for sitting down and answering some questions about the new document you're supporting to replace the failing Articles of Confederation. First things first, the Anti- Federalists claim that the Constitution allows the government too much power, not to mention the creation of an executive branch of government. Doesn't that seem a little too familiar to our past experience with Great Britain and the tyranny that led us to our independence?


Madison: Yes, I see how that could be a concerning issue. However, the Constitution proposes the concept of a separation of powers. The three branches- legislative, judiciary, and executive will al be equal using checks and balances. That way, not one branch can overpower the others and the rights of the people remain protected.


Interviewer: Very interesting solution. Moving on, the Federalist party supports the absence of a Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution. Can you please explain the reasoning behind this?


Madison: Yes, of course. You see, a listing of rights can be a dangerous thing to include. If the national government were to protect specific listing rights, what would stop it from violating rights other than the listed ones? We cannot list all the rights, so it is better to list none at all.


Interviewer: Lastly, could you just briefly propose your case for the ratification of the Constitution?


Madison: Yes. The problems our nation is currently facing stems from the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. America is in need of a document that enacts our rights as well as creates a strong government for the future. The Constitution is the "republican remedy for the diseases most incident to republican government."

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