Data Protection Act

A summary of data protection in Law.

What is the purpose of the Data Protection Act?

The primary purpose of the Data Protection Act is to control how your information is used by the government, businesses and other organisations. The law regarding this is enforced depending on the nature of the information in question.

Data Protection Principles

Anyone using otherwise 'private' data has to follow strict rules, known as Data Protection Principles:


  1. Processing personal data fairly and lawfully.
  2. Processing personal data for specified purposes.
  3. The amount of personal data you can hold.
  4. Keeping personal data accurate and up to date.
  5. Retaining personal data.
  6. Recognizing and respecting the rights of individuals.
  7. Keeping information secure.
  8. Sending personal data outside the European Economic Area.

Computer Misuse Act

Examples of Personal Data

Examples of personal data include:



  • Names
  • Addresses
  • Contact Information
  • Employment History
  • Medical Conditions
  • Convictions
  • Credit History