Founded by Lord Baltimore, also known as George Calvert, to gain financial profits and to create a refuge for Catholics. Maryland was named after King Charles I wife, Queen Henrietta Maria. There economy was based on plantations and tobacco. An interesting fact about Maryland is that after the Act of Tolleration in 1649, Maryland is now known as a "Haven for Catholics". Maryland supplied men, arms, and ships in the American Revolution.

Typical Person

A typical male in Maryland worked as fisherman, farmers, lumberjacks, shipman, raised cattle, slave buyers, and traders. A typical woman in Maryland was an indentured servant. Girls wore shifts (like a nightgown) underneath their other clothes. They also wore aprons around their waist, caps and crosscloths over their head. Boys wore shirts underneath their outer clothes, short jackets (most likely buttoned up or laced), long jackets, and sometimes wide-brimmed hats over their heads.

Maryland Act of Toleration in 1649

This document was passed by the local representative assembly (MD), it guaranteed toleration to all Christians.

Colonial Conflicts

In the first 100 years in Maryland people got mad that the colony was a diversity. There were also conflicts with religion and land.


In 1720 Maryland's population was 66,133.

Before the Rev. War , Maryland had a Proprietary Government.

After the Rev. War, Maryland became a Royal Government.