The Killer Stroke !

Nepal Earthquake

INTRODUCTION

An earthquake measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale jolted Nepal's popular tourist hub Pokhara on Saturday ( April 25 ) with no reports of damage or casualties. Panic-stricken people ran out of their homes into open fields when the tremor was felt in the region around 7:44 pm (local time). The earthquake was followed by many powerful aftershocks and a very powerful one (6.7) hit Nepal on Sunday April 26.

GOVERNMENT DEMOLISHES720 HOUSES !


The government has demolished 720 houses and buildings damaged by the April 25 earthquake and subsequent aftershocks. Padam Kumar Mainali, spokesperson at Ministry of Urban Development, said there are 2,280 homes that need to be demolished. The Department of Urban Development and Building Construction Deputy Director General Shiva Hari Sharma said there are more than 1,500 homes that need to be demolished at the possible earliest in the valley alone.

AMOUNT OF CASUALTITIES AND DISTRUCTION IN NEPAL !

REASONS IN TERMS OF PLATE MOVEMENTS.


  • The Nepal earthquake occurred because of the two converging plates:The Indian plate and The overriding Eurasia plate.
  • The Indian plate converged with eurasia at the rate of 2 inches per year towards the north-northeast, driving the uplift of the Himalayan mountain range.
  • The earthquake had a depth of 7 miles.

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What measures should be taken by the people if caught in an earthquake of large magnitude?

  • Stay calm. Help others if you are able.
  • Be prepared for aftershocks.
  • Listen to the radio or television for information from authorities. Follow their instructions.
  • Teach everybody in the family (if they are old enough) how to turn off the water and electricity.
  • Have an emergency kit that will sustain you and your family for at least 72 hours .
  • Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Check your coverage – it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake.
  • Stay away from brick walls and chimneys as they may be damaged or weakened and could collapse during aftershocks. Do not use your fireplace if your chimney has been damaged as a fire may start or gases could be released.

Challenges faced by the rescue teams .

  • Governments across the globe have deployed emergency assistance following Nepal's deadliest earthquake in nearly a century. But response teams face increasing difficulties as the death toll continues to rise.
  • European, Asian and North American governments sent emergency response teams to Nepal as the country struggles to cope with the disaster. However, blocked roads, collapsed buildings, and continuing aftershocks pose major setbacks for emergency crews searching for survivors in the capital and cut-off rural areas.
  • A team of 45 rescue experts from Belgium, Germany and Luxembourg left on a Belgian military plane on Sunday, bound for Nepal.
  • Japan's emergency services team, comprised of 70 experts, were also dispatched on Sunday. Sri Lanka sent a military C-130 aircraft carrying a 48-member medical and relief team with essential supplies. A second plane was also expected to carry more medical staff.
  • Rescue workers continue to search for bodies after buildings collapses in the wake of Saturday's earthquake

  • India, China, and Pakistan were the first to respond following news of the disaster. India deployed two military transport panes, while Pakistan sent two C-130 aircrafts carrying food and essential supplies, including a 30-bed hospital. A 62-member Chinese search and rescue team was also dispatched to Katmandu on Saturday.
  • The US committed $1 million (0.92 million euros) along with rescue teams, the US Agency for International Development confirmed. Australia and New Zealand pledged more than $4.5 million, while South Korea promised $1 million in humanitarian aid.
  • Numerous aid groups launched appeals for funds with the charity Christian Aid describing an "urgent need" for emergency shelters, food, clean drinking water, and warm clothing.