Tajikistan

By Ciara Khor-Brogan (4R)

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Geography

Size: 55,251 mi²

Neighboring Countries: Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, China, & Afghanistan

Highest mountain: Ismoil Somoni Peak (24,590 ft)

Longest River: Syr Darya (1,374 mi)

Biggest Cities: Dushanbe (679,400), Khujand (144,865), & Kurgan-Tyube (78,786)

Capital City: Dushanbe

Coordinates - 38.5367° N, 68.7800° E

Population - 679,400 inhabitants

Climate - Mediterranean with some continental climate influences. The summers are hot and dry and the winters are chilly, but not very cold

Taken From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dushanbe#Climate

Tajikistan History and Geography for kids Best education-kids knowledge videos

History

1921 - Northern Tajikistan becomes part of the Bolshevik-designated Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

1997 - Government and rebel United Tajik Opposition (UTO) sign peace accord called the National Reconciliation Commission

2002 - Tajikistan doubles the number of border guards along its frontier with Afghanistan to prevent al-Qaeda members from entering the country to escape US forces.

2004 - Democratic Party leader Mahmadruzi Iskandarov is arrested in Moscow at the request of Tajik prosecutors

2008 - Russia agrees to write off Tajikistan's debt in return for a Soviet-designed space tracking station

2013 - Zayd Saidov, a businessman and former minister is arrested in May after setting up an opposition party. He is jailed for 26 years.

Taken from: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-16201087

Tajik History: Bactrian, Sogdian And The (Tajik-Samanid Empire)

Politics

The politics take place in a presidential republic, where the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the executive branch and the two chambers of parliament. The president has the power to elect the prime minister and all the members of the government without the need of approval from the Parliament.

The Legislative branch is made up of two assemblies: the bicameral Supreme Assembly, which includes the 63-seat Assembly of Representatives, and the 33-seat National Assembly. The members of the Assembly of Representatives are elected by direct election for a five-year term. Out of the 63 members of the Assembly of Representatives, 22 are elected by party, and the other members are elected from single-member constituencies. In the National Assembly, 3/4 of the members are chosen by the deputies of the local representative assemblies in the country's four main administrative divisions and in the cities, and the rest are appointed directly by the president.

The Supreme Court and other high courts make up the Judicial Branch. The Supreme Court is the highest court. Some of the other courts are the Supreme Economic Court and the Constitutional Court. They decide questions of constitutionality. The president chooses the judges of these three courts, but he must have the approval of the legislature. The judges of all the courts are appointed for 10-year terms. The system is often described as corrupted. Bribery of judges, who are poorly paid and poorly trained, is very common. Appeals of court decisions are rare because most people do not trust the judicial system. Constitutional guarantees to the right to an attorney and to a public trial often are often ignored. The Soviet-era presumption of guilt of the defendant remains in force. The procurator’s office conducts all criminal investigations. Trials are heard by juries except in cases of national security.

Taken from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_Tajikistan

Culture

The culture of Tajikistan has been developing over the past thousand years. Tajik culture can be divided into two sectors, Metropolitan and Highland. Ancient towns like Bukhara, Samarkand, Herat, Nalkh, and Nishopur Khiva are no longer part of the country. More modern cultural centres include Dushanbe, Khudjand, Kulob, and Panjikent.


The main religion of Tajikistan is Islam. Islam was brought to Central Asia by the Arabs in the 7th century. Since then, the Muslim religion has become a part of Tajik culture. The Hanafi school of the Sunni branch has been the predominant and official religion in Tajikistan since the year 2009.

The Tajik cuisine has developed from the Russian cuisine. It is known for dishes such as kabuli pulao (a rice dish with raisins), gabili palau (rice with seasoned broth), and samanu (sweet paste from germinated wheat). Green tea is the national drink. Traditional Tajikistani meals begin with small dishes of dried fruit, nuts, and halva (sweet confections). The second course is soup and meat, and finished with plov (a kind of rice). Unsweetened tea is served with every meal, and oftenbetween meals as a gesture of hospitality. Tajik cuisine offers a large variety of fruit, meat, and soup platters.

Taken from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Tajikistan#Cuisine
A beautiful display of Tajikistan's culture