Alan Turing

Life of Alan Turing

Life and his works

Alan Turing was born on 23 June, 1912, in London.When Turing attended the well-known independent Sherborne School at the age of 13, he became particularly interested in math and science.Turing studied mathematics at Cambridge University, and subsequently taught there, working in the burgeoning world of quantum mechanics.Cambridge University was the people who influenced Alan Turing develop the proof which states that automatic computation cannot solve all mathematical problems. In 1936, Turing went to Princeton University in America, returning to England in 1938.On the outbreak of war he took up full-time work at its headquarters, Bletchley Park.He became a well-known and rather eccentric figure at Bletchley. In 1949, he went to Manchester University where he controlled the computing laboratory and developed a body of work that helped to form the basis for the field of artificial intelligence. In 1951 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society. In 1952, Turing was arrested and tried for homosexuality, then a criminal offence.In that era, homosexuals were considered a security risk as they were open to blackmail. Turing's security clearance was withdrawn, meaning he could no longer work for GCHQ, the post-war successor to Bletchley Park. He played a vital role in decode the messages encrypted by the German Enigma machine, which provided vital intelligence for the Allies.During the second world war, Alan Turing cracked Nazi coded messages and devised the Delilah machine, which could securely encode voice messages, and that was his main legacy about his life.
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