Weather or not?

By: Alondra Menendez, Amanda Cook, and Jonathan Hernandez.

Day 1 - Weather v.s Climate

Climate - avg. temp. or usual feel. There are 6 main climate zones. Surprisingly climate plays a big role in history.


Weather - Weather can change daily. $11.4 billion dollars is used for repairs in the U.S yearly.


Radiation - Radiation comes from the Sun. Not all Radiation is visible, because the O-Zone blocks a portion of it. When Radiation hits the Earth it's called insolation. It plays a role in climate change.


Convection - Convection also comes from the Sun. It is not solid, so it is easily transported by Radiation.


Atmosphere - Meteorologist study the Atmosphere, weather patterns, etc. Radars track storms on the move. Also, Satellites in space help us learn a lot about the Atmosphere.


Analogy - Weather is my sandals, while climate is my closet of shoes.

Day 2- Land v.s sea breezes

Land or Water ?
Which one heats up faster?
Which one cools down faster?


Hypothesis:
If we where to heat up a small land place and a small water place. The land will heat up faster . But if we measuring which one cooled down the fastest it would be the small water place .


Materials:
Salt (20 ml)
Water (40 ml)
Rocks (2 small ones )
Soil (20 ml)

Heat lamp
Timer
Thermometer

Conclusion:
Well when we did this experiment , Land heated up faster, but water cooled downed the fastest . So that means that our hypothesis was correct .

Day 4-TORNADOES

When and Where?

In southern states tornadoes occur most frequently from March to May, but they also have a surprise time frame.Tornadoes' second time would be in the fall.Northern states have tornadoes during the summer,tornadoes are most likely to happen from 3:00 pm through 9:00 pm. The central part of the United States,known as the Great plains,is the perfect place for tornadoes. Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Nebraska,North and South Carolina,Dakota,Iowa,Missouri,and Louisiana all make up the Tornado Alley.

What causes them?

Most tornadoes form from a thunderstorm.For example,you need moist (warm) air from the Gulf of Mexico and dry air from Canada,if they were both to combine,they create instability in the atmosphere.Wind directions then start to form a tornado of 2-6 wide.

What equipment can be used?

An anemometer can be used to measure wind speed and wind directions. Occasionally a Doppler radar is used to,it takes the measure of winds in clouds in order to predict severe storms and tornadoes.

Day 3

Day 5-Hurricanes

When and where?

The Atlantic hurricane season is from June 1st to November 30th, but most hurricanes occur during the fall months. The Eastern Pacific hurricane season is from May 15th to November 30th.The timing of a hurricane is different in different regions.

What causes them?

A hurricane is formed warm ocean water (more than 80 degrees) which gives more energy to a hurricane.The warm water causes more evaporation causing humid air and clouds.Then the winds coming together force the air to go up.Next,winds flow outward above the storm,letting the air below to rise.Humid air then begins to rise forming the clouds of the storm.Finally,light winds outside of the hurricane steer it and and let it grow bigger.

What equipment can be used?

A Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale is used to see the size of a hurricane.