Social Workers

By: Tyonna Gibson

The Definition of a Social Worker

Social work is a profession concerned with helping individuals, families, groups and communities to enhance their individual and collective well-being. It aims to help people develop their skills and their ability to use their own resources and those of the community to resolve problems.

The Job Duties of a Social Worker

Being a social worker is often a challenging, yet rewarding career. Social workers are responsible for helping individuals, families, and groups of people to cope with problems they're facing to improve their patients' lives.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others’ reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others’ actions.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

The description of the educational degrees , licenses (certifications)

They will need a PHD ,MSW,And Advanced Clinical Practice to be a Social Worker.


License of Virginia

-LSW (Licensed Social Worker)

  1. Education Requirements: In order to apply for this level of licensure, you must hold a minimum of a bachelor’s degree from a college or university accredited by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE). Many, however, choose to obtain a master’s degree before pursuing licensure, as there are fewer requirements for master’s-level candidates.
  2. Work Requirements: Bachelor’s level candidates are required to obtain at least 3,000 hours of post-graduate work experience under the supervision of an LSW or LCSW. This training should deal with case management and providing support services to at-need populations, and should take place over the course of three years. For every 40 hours you work, one of them must be in face-to-face time with your supervisor. The state board must approve this supervision before it can begin.Master’s level candidates can waive this post-graduate work experience requirement.
  3. Exam Requirements: In order to gain LSW status, you must pass the national bachelor’s level exam offered by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB). This is the case whether your degree is a bachelor’s or master’s degree.
  4. Application Package: Following the completion of your training and exam, you must submit an online application package to the state board, which will include:
    • Academic Transcripts
    • ASWB exam results
    • Proof and documentation of post-graduate training
    • Criminal background check

-LCSW (Licensed Clinical Social Worker)

  1. Education Requirements: In order to pursue an LCSW in Virginia, you must acquire at least a Master’s degree from a school that is accredited by the CSWE. During your education, you must have a clinical focus and include at least 12 credit hours each of practice theory and explanatory theory as well as three credits of psychopathology and practice. In addition, you must have coursework that addresses issues of diversity, culture, at-risk populations and social justice, as well as a 600-hour clinical field placement practicum.
  2. Prior Licensing: It is not required to hold an LSW before becoming an LCSW in Virginia, though the experience you gain as an LSW can be helpful in pursuing higher licensure.
  3. Work Requirements: Following your graduation, you will need to obtain 3,000 hours of practical experience under the supervision of an LCSW approved by the state board. This experience can be completed from two to three years after graduation and includes 100 hours of direct face-to-face supervision. Some supervision can occur in a group setting.
  4. Exam Requirements: In order to obtain an LCSW, you must register for and successfully complete the ASWB clinical level examination.
  5. Application Package: When you have completed your supervision and clinical exam, you will submit an application package online at the state board website. This application will include:
    • Academic Transcripts
    • ASWB exam results
    • Proof and documentation of post-graduate training
    • Criminal background check

Expected salary

With an average salary of $46,180 per year, child and family social workers earn more than mental health counselors ($43,990) and substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors ($41,870). However, they earn less than other professionals.