Criminal and Civil Laws

Elements of a Crime

Awareness of Duty

Person must be aware that they were supposed or not supposed to do something. When laws are already on the books, citizens are expected to know and abide by them. In civil cases, awareness of duty must be established to find someone liable.

Violation of Duty

Very clear cut with laws and statutes. Civil cases must be determined in court. Did the person "violate his/her duty?". This is an unspoken element of crime.
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Criminal Intent

This mainly applies to civil cases. It is described as a person's state of mind. Criminal intent can also be used to determine if someone is guilty or innocent in some cases.