Final Exam Information

From Scientific revolution to the fall of the Soviet Union.

Important scientist and inventors:

Nicolaus Copernicus believed that the sun was actually the center of the universe, not the earth like most people believed. This belief was called heliocentric theory. Copernicus wrote "On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies", and out of fear did not publish this until his last year of life.


Johannes Kepler was Brahe's assistant. Kepler was a German mathematician and astronomer. He created the three laws of planetary motion.


Francis Bacon wrote that scientists should observe the world, gather information, and then make a conclusion. This was called the experimental method.


Isaac Newton created the three laws of motion. Newton published "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy."


Richard Arkwright invented the water frame in 1769. The water frame used water power to drive spinning wheels. Arkwright was know as the "Pioneer of Factory System."


Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. Cotton production went from 11.5 million pounds to 85 million pounds by 1810.


In 1856, Henry Bessemer developed the Bessemer process. Bessemer brought on the "Age of Steel."


James Watt invented the steam engine.



French Revolution:


The main cause of the French Revolution included the enlightenment, Economic Woes, and a week leader