Chaos in China
By Leslie and justin
Nationalists and Communists
Communists in Hiding
After the Shanghai Massacre, most of the communist leaders went into hiding in the city. They tried to bring back the communist movement. shanghai was a good recruiting place for this. Some party members went to Jiangxi where they were led by Mao Zedong.Mao was convinced that a chinese revolution would be driven by poverty stricken peasants in the countryside rather than the urban working class.
Chiang Kai-shek tried to root the communists out of shanghai and jiangxi provinces. he succeeded in 1931, most party leaders had to flee to Mao’s base in South China.
Chiang kai-shek turned his forces against Mao’s stronghold in Jiangxi Province. Chiang’s forces outnumbered Mao’s but Mao made effective use of Guerilla tactics using maneuvers like sabotage and subterfuge.
The new China of Chiang Kai-Shek
Chiang publicly declared his commitment to the plans of a republican government.
Two part plan:
1) Period of political tutelage (training), which would lead to
2) a constitutional government.
-Years of neglect and civil war had severely weakened the political, economic, and social fabric of the nation.
-Chiang then tried to introduce foreign ideas into the population.-redistribution of wealth is the shifting of wealth from a rich minority to a poor minority
The Long March
In 1934, Chiang’s troops, using their superior military strength, surrounded the communist base in Jiangxi. The PLA broke through the Nationalist lines and began its Famous Long March. Moving on foot through the mountains, marshes, and deserts, Mao’s army traveled almost 6,000 miles to reach the surviving communist base in the northwest of China. They started running out of food and they were starting to starve.after a year the troops finally reached safety in the hills of north China.only 9,000 survived of the 90,000. Mao Zedong became the sole leader of the Chinese Communist party.