Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoaffective Disorder is a variant of schizophrenia

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Clinical Definition

Schizoaffective disorder is a condition in which a person experiences a combination of schizophrenia symptoms — such as hallucinations or delusions — and mood disorder symptoms, such as mania or depression.

Causes

Some causes are genetic links, brain chemistry, brain development delays, exposure to toxins or viral illness in the womb, stress, and poor social interactions. Children who suffer from bullying, abuse, or parental death are more likely to get this disorder.

Symptoms

This disorder changes appetite and energy levels, disorganized, speech that isn't logical, delusions, paranoia, delusion of reference (thinking that special messages are hidden in in common places for you), sleeping problems, concentrating problems, and social isolation.

Characteristics

The characteristics of Schizoaffective disorder are paranoid thought, delusions, hallucinations, confusion, disorganized thoughts, speaking too quickly, depression or irritability, and hyperactive or manic mood.

Treatment

Psychotherapy, counseling, and family or group therapy is used to treat Schizoaffective Disorder.

Medication

Doctors prescribe medication to relieve psychotic symptoms, to stabilize their mood and treat depression. the only medication approved by the FDA is specifically for the treatment of schizoaffective disorder is the antipsychotic drug paliperidone (Invega).Also combinations of antidepressants (eg, sertraline or fluoxetine) plus an antipsychotic (eg,haloperidol, risperidone, olanzapine, aripiprazole, or ziprasidone) are used

Fun Facts

The two types of Schizoaffective Disorder are bipolar and depressive. The bipolar type is characterized by the illness including at least one maniac episode. The depressive type is made up of this illness involving one major depressive episode.
Jonny Benjamin's Story- Schizoaffective disorder