Tierra Caliente

The Tropical Lowlands

About Tierra Caliente

The tierra caliente is the lowest of the four elevation zones of the Andes, extending from sea level to approximately 3,000 feet. The climate of this zone is generally hot and humid, with the average temperature ranging from 75°F to 80°F.

Broadleaf evergreen forests cover the eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains heading into the Amazon River basin. On the western slopes of the Andes, the natural vegetation ranges from lush rainforests to tropical grasslands.

The Pacific coast of Peru is different. This area is also situated within the tropics, but it receives little rainfall. Here the land is mostly desert. Great sand dunes rise up in some places, whereas other parts are flat and rocky. Where there is water from rivers or streams, however, the vegetation is tropical.