England In the Middle Ages

By; Chelsea Banks

Essential question

How did the rise to power of Henry II and Edward I effect England in the Middle Ages?

Critical thinking question

How did England evolve from the Norman Conquest to the Capetian Dynasty?

Time Outline

843

Carolingian Empire

Divided into 3 major sections

One of the sections; the west Frankish lands

Formed the core of eventual kingdom of France


987

Hugh Capet chosen to be king

William of Normandy (1066~1087)

Battle of Hastings (1066)

The merge of the Anglo Saxon and Normans


Henry II (1154~1189)

Expansion of the English monarch

Local courts Vs. Royal courts

Expanded kings power

Common law

Thomas Becket


King John (1199~1216)

Magna Carta

First Parliament



The Growth of the French Kingdom


The Capetian dynasty

Little Real power

Royal domain limited to the IIe de France


Phillip II Augustus (1180~1223)


Louis IX (1226~1270)


Phillip IV the Fair (1285~1340)

The Norman Conquest

October 14, 1066 an army under the command of William of Normandy landed on the coast of England, they defeated king herald and his soldiers at the battle of hastings. As a result of the victor William was crowned king of England and he gave each of his nights parcels of land. William made all of his nobles swear to be loyal only to his as a ruler.

During this time William developed a more fully taxation system.

Henry II (1154-1189)

During the reign Henry increased the number of criminal case in the kings court, by the developing a means for taking property cases from local courts to royal courts. By expanding the royal courts henry was able to expand the kings power. A body of common law (law that was common to the whole kingdom) was created to replace law codes that varied from place to place.

Edward I

The English nobles resented the power that was given to the king and they rebelled during the reign of king john. At the battle of Runnymede in 1215 king john was forced to put his seal on a document of rights, and that was called Magna Carta. The magna carta was one of the most important documents of medieval England. It was a series of written promises between the king and his subjects, that said he would govern England and deal with his people according to the costumes of feudal law. During the reign of Edward I the English parliament emerged. The parliament was made up of 2 nights from every county, 2 people from every town, and all nobles and bishops throughout England. Later nobles and church lords formed the house of lords.

Capetian Dynasty

Phillip Augustus II was marked the turning point in the growth of the French monarchy. As a result he fought wars against the English rulers to gain more income and as well as land. The leaders after Phillip continued to add to the Capetian demand. Later Phillip IV brought in a French parliament.