About the Cold War

Emily Lopez: American History

Background of Cold War Era:

The Cold War was and ideologic between the US and the USASR. The USSR wanted to expand communism and the US wanted to prevent it from spreading, leading to a nuclear expansion. It began in 1945 and ended in 1959. Competing ideologies and visions of the postwar world prevented U.S. president Harry S. Truman and Soviet premier Joseph Stalin from working together. Cold War tensions between the United States and the USSR eventually exploded in Korea when Soviet-backed North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950. There never really was an ending to the war.

People/Events of the Cold War:

1. Red China:

Communists took control of China after a struggle that started before World War II and renamed the country the People's Republic of China. It was called Red China by the United States to indicate they were Communists. Red China entered the Korean War in the 1950s, when it looked like the U.N. forces would defeat Communist North Korea


2. H-bomb:

H-Bomb stands for hydrogen bomb. Its was invented under the guidance of Dr.Edward Teller. It was way more powerful than an atomic bomb and required an atomic bomb to detonate. The US exploded the firstH-Bomb and a few years later the Soviet Union exploded their version of the bomb.

a U.S. Senator.


3. President Eisenhower:

Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower had been Supreme Commander in the World War II fight against the Nazis. He later became a popular president of the United States.


4. John Glenn:

John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962. He had previously been a U.S. Marine test pilot, but in 1959 he was assigned to NASA as one of the original group of Mercury astronauts. After he piloted the first American manned orbital mission aboard the "Friendship 7" spacecraft, he was considered and American hero and given a tickertape parade. He later become a U.S. Senator.

Around the US and World:

1. Joe DiMaggio:

He was a popular baseball player for the New York Yankees. In 1941, he set a Major League record of hitting safely in 56 straight games. He was known as "Joltin' Joe" and "The Yankee Clipper" until he retired in 1952. DiMaggio married actress Marilyn Monroe in 1954, but the marriage lasted only 9 months. In the 1980s, he became known as "Mr. Coffee" because of his TV ads for that brand of coffee maker. He was also mentioned in the song Mr. Robinson by Simon and Garfunkel.


2. Marilyn Monroe:

She was a popular "sex symbol" movie star. She was married to baseball hero Joe Dimaggio and later author Arthur Miller. She also was rumored to have relationships with President John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy, as well as mafia boss Joe Gianconna. She died under suspicious circumstances.


3. Elvis Presley:

He became a national phenomenon with such number-one hit songs as Heartbreak Hotel, Don't Be Cruel, and Hound Dog. He was called "Elvis the Pelvis" because of the way he shook his hips while dancing. Many religious leaders and school officials banned his songs, which only made them more popular. He later went on to be nicknamed "The King" as the most popular singer ever.


4. Disneyand:

Disneyland opened in 1955 in Anaheim, California. It was a theme park, developed by Walt Disney and based around his cartoon characters. It was designated as a place for family entertainment. An interesting/little-known fact is that although Disney forbade the serving of alcoholic beverages in Disneyland, he had a private suite in the park where bartenders would serve drinks to his personal guests.