The Executive Branch
You must be:
- at least 35 years old
- a natural born citizen of the United States
- have at least 14 years of residence in the United States
Roles and Responsibilities to fulfill:
- Chief of State- The President must be the symbol of the nation. You must be able to welcome visitors, make patriotic speeches, and more.
- Chief Executive- This means that the President is the leader of the executive branch. You should be able to appoint officials and cabinet members, read reports about the FBI, and more.
- Chief Diplomat- You should be able to communicate with foreign countries, make foreign policy, and more.
- Commander in Chief- The President is in charge of the armed forces. You must be able to make decisions during war and call troops to where they are needed.
- Chief Legislator- You should be prepared to be involved in the lawmaking process. When a bill passes, it is sent to the President to be signed. The President can sign the bill, so it bill, and it becomes a law, or veto it, so it doesn't become a law (but congress can override a veto). The President can also choose to do nothing, where it becomes a law after 10 days if Congress is in session. Otherwise, the bill doesn't become a law, which is called a pocket veto.
- Chief of Party- You should help people from your party get appointed, campaign for people who support your policies, and more. You can campaign for reelection after your first term.
- Chief Guardian of the Economy- You must be able to help the economy run smoothly, meet with advisers to reduce unemployment, and more.
To Be Elected As President:
- Announce Candidacy: Announce that you are running about 2 years before the general election.
- Primary Elections: Anywhere from February to June, depending on the state, all candidates are on the ballot, and the list of candidates is narrowed down.
- Political Party National Convention: In August or September, each party announces who is officially running for President.
- General Election: On the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, citizens over 18 who are registered vote for the President.
- Electoral College: The 538 electors in the Electoral College vote to represent how the people voted in the General Election. There are more electors in states with a bigger population. They vote directly to decide the President. To win the election, you need 270 of 538 votes from the electoral college.
- Inauguration: On January 20, the presidential term officially begins.
Be prepared to serve for a term of four years, unless you are impeached. You may run for a second term.
Responsibilities you will have:
- Be prepared to replace the President if needed.
- Vote in the Senate when there is a tie to pass a bill and serve as the President of the Senate.
- Be in the Cabinet.
- Plus many more roles and responsibilities.
When Congress passes a law, you must sign it before it is passed on to the President
Member of Cabinet
There are 15 secretaries in the cabinet currently, who are leaders of different departments.
These departments are:
- Department of State
- Department of the Treasury
- Department of Defense
- Department of Justice
- Department of the Interior
- Department of Agriculture
- Department of Commerce
- Department of Labor
- Department of Health and Human Services
- Department of Housing and Urban Development
- Department of Transportation
- Department of Energy
- Department of Education
- Department of Veterans Affairs
- Department of Homeland Security
There are also other leaders in the Cabinet, such as:
- White House Chief of Staff
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Office of Management and Budget
- United States Trade Representative
- United States Mission to the United Nations
- Council of Economic Advisers
- Small Business Administration
Cabinet members are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate.