By: Wynona Chotiner

What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. It is caused by a bacterial infection or a toxin that attacks the immune system. The bacteria or toxin can mutate and destroy the liver in Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B.

How is Hepatitis Transmitted?

Hepatitis is transferred through the feces of infected individuals in type A. Hepatitis is transferred through unprotected sex with a person with the disease in type B. Hepatitis is transferred through blood and/or other bodily fluids in type C.

What are the Symptoms of Hepatitis?

Signs of Hepatitis include:

  • fever
  • yellowing of skin/eyes (jaundice)
  • nausea/vomiting
  • lack of appetite

How is Hepatitis Diagnosed and How do You Treat Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is diagnosed through a blood test.

To treat Hepatitis, keeping hydrated and resting until all symptoms are gone. There are medications that are becoming more effective for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. However, some medications for Hepatitis C can only be taken by adults.

What can Hepatitis do if Untreated?

If Hepatitis is untreated the liver may become swollen/damaged and could lose it's ability to function properly. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C may completely destroy the liver, causing patients to need a transplant to survive.

How do you Prevent Hepatitis?

You can prevent Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B with a vaccine. If you are recently exposed doctors recommend a shot of immune globulin containing antibiotics against the virus.

Other ways to prevent Hepatitis are:

  • do not have unprotected sex
  • avoid eating raw shellfish
  • do not share tooth brushes or razors