Harding and Coolidge's Presidencies

By: Bradley, Nathan and JT

What is Isolationism?

Isolationism is

a limited role for the nation in world affairs, many Americans did not want the United States to be involved with the rest of the worlds affairs. America supported world peace but did not join the League of Nations. Many Americans supported this idea of not getting involved.


Fundamentalism

Fundamentalism is believing in the literal meaning of religious texts and strict obedience to religious laws. This did not occur in America because in America you have the freedom of religion as stated in the Constitution.

Why were Harding’s and Coolidge’s presidencies known to return to isolationism and fundamentalism?

In the beginning when the United States government was first created George Washington did not want to get too involved in foreign affairs because since we are so small and had a lot of debt owed to other nations. After the Great War we did not want to get involved with other countries because we were already in debt and now we had the Great Depression so we were not able to sustain ourselves. That is why we didn’t want to be involved in World War II.

Ohio Gang and The Teapot Dome Scandal

Harding appointed many friends and supporters to government jobs. Many of the appointees were unqualified and committed felonies; Forbes stole funding from the Veterans Bureau. Daugherty was accused of taking bribes. Albert Fall who was involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal secretly leased government oil reserves in Elk Hills, California, and Teapot Dome, Wyoming. He was sent to prison after being caught and was the first cabinet officer to go to jail. This incident became a symbol of corruption in the Harding administration and of government corruption and scandal in general. This was one of the biggest scandals that ruined Harding's reputation.



Kellogg-Briand Pact

The Kellogg-Briand Pact was an agreement to outlaw war. The pact was signed on August 27, 1928. The pact was one of many ways to prevent another World War, but it had little effect in stopping the rising militarism of the 1930s or preventing World War II.

How the United States changed in the 1920s

How Coolidge tried to fix Harding's Mistakes

Coolidge became the president during the Great Depression after Harding had died of a stroke in 1923. He wanted to find a better way to restore normalcy to the world. The Coolidge Administration was to help lower the nations debt and it worked and lowered the national debt by 34%. Eventually Coolidge was not able to keep up with all of the responsibilities and he was not able to run again for president.

Foreign Policy

Both Harding and Coolidge both wanted america to stay out of foreign affairs. They wanted world peace but did not really do anything about it like join the league of nations or become involved in international tensions. In fact Harding promised Americans that the US would not become a part of the league of Nations and they seemed to support this idea of isolationism.

Five Power Treaty

This treaty was signed between the U.S, Britain and Japan, as well as Italy and France. It called to limit the 5 nation’s navies to help prevent any further war. This was implemented during the Harding administration, which had focused on trying to create peace. The U.S, Britain and Japan had began an arms race after WWI, and this was created to try and prevent any further wars. As a result, the U.S. stopped constructing about 26 ships, Britain stopped 24 and Japan 16

Helping American Business

President Coolidge greatly supported american business. He lowered income tax rates on the wealthiest Americans and on corporate profits. To pay for the decreased amount of money coming in he cut government spending. He also raised tariffs to protect American business and overturned laws regulating child labor and wages for women.

How We Became a More Friendly Neighbor

We as Americans didn't do many things for other countries to gain interest in them. First they intervened in Latin America several times in the early 1900’s to support our own interests, no one else. When Harding took office American troops were stationed in Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Nicaragua. We withdrew the troops from Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic after they held their elections to show that we did not want to threaten them. We later stationed troops in Mexico so the ties between the countries would be broken.