The Importance of Forensic Science

and its' role in solving crimes

What is Forensic Science?

Criminalistics is the application the knowledge and technology of science to civil and criminal law

Basics of Forensic Science:

  • Crime laboratories are increasing because of new or changed laws, new weapons, and new and reliable techniques. Currently, there are approximately 350 public crime laboratories in the United States.
  • Forensic Scientists must be skilled in applying the scientific method, able to provide a formal written testimony or spoken statement in court of law, train law enforcement personnel, and act as an expert witness.
  • Archiving forensic record have been made easier through use of databases such as: AFIS - Automated Fingerprint Identification system, CODIS - COmbined DNA Index System, and IBIS - Integrated Ballistics Identification

Crime Scene and Physical Evidence

Role of the FBI and CSI

The FBI provide technical support, expert witness testimony, and advanced training to Bureau personnel. The FBI gets involved in more serious cases such as domestic and international terrorism, major offenders and public corruption. Crime scene investigators are responsible for identifying, collecting, preserving, and packaging physical evidence.

"Real Life" Forensics

As it is shown in tv shows such as NCSI or Bones, the process of collecting evidence and solving a crime is thorough and systematic. Every expert has one specific job that they must carry out. In contrast, TV shows show the process of solving a crime as quick while in reality a single case can take up to months.

Interesting Facts about Forensics!

  • Autopsies can be carried out without surgery!
  • Forensic entomology is actually very important! It gives time of death and area where the body was dumped.
  • Forensics can be dated back to 13th century China.
  • Forensic psychologist anaylze the personality traits of a perpetrator to aid to the discovery of their whereabouts.

By Angelica Urrego