- Nebuchadnezzar was the greatest king of ancient babylon from 634-562 BCE.
- Code of hammurabi able to prosecute on it own behalf.
- 282 code of laws
- Use cuneiform writing for trade and communication
- Akkadian was the language
- Most people, including the king and his officials, were illiterate so that they were heavily dependent upon the scribes both to write and interpret their commands and reports in an appropriate manner