The Democratic Party

What is it

Beginnings

Its roots go back to the anti-federalists at the beginning of the nation with members including Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe.


Some of the names before democrat stuck in 1828:

Democratic-Republican

Republican


*The Democratic Party is generally said to be the oldest political party in the world!*

Early Values

Some of the Jeffersonian Democratic values were:

states’ rights

civil liberties

limited government

strict interpretation of the Constitution

minimal regulation of business and commerce

it also favored farmers, common folk, and the working class over the educated and elite

Trouble Within

In the months leading up to the election of 1860, the democratic party split over the issue of slavery. Because this split the electorate, it allowed Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, to win.

Changing Values

In the 1900s, the party began to diverge from its original values in many areas. They began to value a more liberal interpretation of the Constitution which can be traced all the way back to Jefferson himself and the Louisiana Purchase. They also began favor more government involvement in business and economics which can be traced to Woodrow Wilson's progressive policies during the Great Depression.


Summary:

Strict to loose

Laissez-Faire to hands on

Another Split

In 1948, the democratic party split again, this time in three ways. This split was caused by racism (the Dixiecrats) and support or lack thereof for civil rights.


Years later, Lyndon B Johnson was able to unite the Democratic party by risking it. He was a southern democratic president who helped end publicly sanctioned discrimination.


By not supporting civil rights, the republican party lost black voters when they earned the right to vote which added substantial support to the democratic party. African Americans maintain a strong presence in the party today.

Modern Democrats

Generally, The democratic party is the party of choice for civil servants, "union

members, minorities, teachers, low-income workers and a majority of women." Modern democrats tend to support cooperative approaches to international affairs, worker protection, environmental protection, and equal opportunities.

Democrat v Republican

Democratic..............................................Republican


Liberal/Left...............................................Conservative/Right


Community based....................................Individual based


Weaker military.......................................Stronger military


More taxes for higher earners.................Flat rate taxes


Strong government regulations...............Free market

Additional Resource