The Nile River

Egypt, Africa

Nile River

Is a major north flowing river in the northeastern Africa, regarded as the longest river in the world.


Physical Features

The Blue and White Nile interact to form the NIle.

The Nile was 4, 135 miles long and flows from South to north.


Why was the Nile River important?

Ancient Egyptians lived near the Nile because it provided water, food, transportation and excellent soil for growing food.

It was also important because it didn't rain much there or it was very uncommon. Once a year a heavy summer storm sent lots of the water from the Nile that overflowed the banks of the Nile and watered the ground with rich soil.

EXTRA EXTRA TIP

Egypt was the richest city of the ancient world.


Farming

Flooding left a layer of rich, black soil.

Grapes grew in the Nile Delta and made it into raisins or wine.

Egyptians grew onions, garlic, leeks, beans, lentils, cucumbers, melons, dates, lettuce, figs, pomegranates, and gourds.


Daily Life

Egyptians that lived near the Nile made homes made out of mud bricks and mortar. Fish was the main common source of protein. Groups of skilled men hunted hippos for sport and meat.

The River--- Traveling

The Nile had fish and used spears and nets to catch fish

Was the quickest way to travel, it was basically there "highway".

Traded with the middle Eastern kingdoms for silver, cedar, oils, horses, copper, and lapis lazuli