By: Tate'yana Knight
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. They were fought on April 19, 1775, in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy (present-day Arlington), and Cambridge, near Boston. The war was a result of built up tension between the residents of the 13 colonies and the british authoritites. On the night of April 18, 1775 hundreds of british troops marched from boston to nearby concord to seize an arms cache. Paul Revere and other riders sounded the alarm, and colonial militiamen tried to intercept the redcoats column. A confrontation on the lexington town green started off the fighting, and soon the british were hastily retreating under intense fire. Many more battles followed after. A key participant on the british side was general gage and on the colonial side there was Sam Adams, John Hancock, and Paul Revere who gave out a warning. In the end the colonists won the battle.
Thomas Jefferson: An American Hero
African American Jobs in the War
10 Fun Facts about the Revolutionary War
- U.S. troops engaged: 217,000
- American battle deaths: 4,435
- The 13 American colonies fought for independence from British rule to become the United States.
- Colonists were frustrated because Britain forced them to pay taxes, yet did not give them any representation in the British Parliament. Colonists rallied behind the phrase, “no taxation without representation.”
- The first shots rang out on the morning of April 19, 1775 in Lexington, Mass.
- At the Battle of Bunker Hill, colonial officer William Prescott ordered, “Do not fire until you see the whites of their eyes!” His troops had the courage and discipline to hold their fire until the enemy was near, an early sign that the rag-tag American army had a chance at defeating the well-trained, well-armed British troops.
- Congress chose George Washington as commander and chief of America's armed forces.
- The Battle of Saratoga was the first great American victory of the war and is widely believed to have been the turning point that led America to triumph over Britain.
- The Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783, and Great Britain acknowledged America's independence. The treaty established a northern boundary with Canada and set the Mississippi River as the western boundary.
- Benjamin Franklin wrote the first Declaration of Independence!
Weapons of the War
"[L]iberty must at all hazards be supported. We have a right to it, derived from our Maker. But if we had not, our fathers have earned and bought it for us, at the expense of their ease, their estates, their pleasure, and their blood." -- John Adams, 1765
"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." -- Nathan Hale's last words before being hanged by British