Egyptian Culture

Holidays and Celebrations

In Ancient Egypt both civil and cultic celebrations were recognized. The celebration of Wept Renpet translates to "Opening of the Year", it doesn't fall on a specific date each year. It is in direct correlation with the flodding with the Nile River which happens once a year in mid July. The festival of Khoiak is referred to as "ka-her-ka" translated to sustenance upon sustenance. it is celebrated when the Nile begins to recede. They shaped the soil to look like Osiris and they threw seeds on it. When the seeds grow plants would be growing out of him to symbolize birth and renewal. The festival Opet centered in Thebes and lasted about 27 days to recognize the reigning Pharaoh and the god Amun. Because the Pharaohs were seen as living gods this festivals very important.
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Family

People had immense pride in their families. They respect all their elders. They celebrate holidays together as there families.
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Funeral Rituals

They had an ancient burial. They Mummified there leaders and put them in a tomb. Mummifying took place because the Egyptians believed that when you died your soul leaves you body and then came back to it, so they kept them in a tomb so it would be able to find their body again.

Religion

Religion decided every aspect of life. They were polytheistic or Based on worship of many deities. They recognized as many as 2000 gods and goddesses which were often represented as part human part animal. They considered animals such as the bull the crocodile and the cat to be holy. The 2 chief gods were amon-ra, sun god and lord of the universe and osiris god of the underworld, who was believed to have the the afterlife peaceful. Temples were thought to be dwelling place for the gods. Each city had a temple built for the god of that city.