The Messenger

project

You should give up everything to help the ones you love.

A theme in the Messenger is That you should give everything for the ones you love. In the text it states,"Matty groaned and pressed his hands harder into the ground. all his strength and blood and breath were entering the earth now. His brain and spirit became part of the earth. "(Lois Lowry The Messenger page 184) In this quote Matty dies. Because of Matty's gift he can heal things in this instance he healed the forest and all of Village returning people who ruined themselves by trading their personalities to normal and healing his friends who had been injured and even killed by the Forrest but to do so he had to sacrifice his life.

You shouldn't trade your personalities.

A theme in The Messenger is that you shouldn't trade your personalities. In the text it states,"Something was different," he said.'She's a nice women the one who got the Gaming Machine.' 'Yes, she is.Gentle.Cheerful.Very loving to her husband.' 'Well,' said Matty slowly,'when she was leaving, walking and talking with other women , and her husband behind trying to keep up, she whirled around suddenly and scolded him for being slow.' 'Slow? But he's all twisted. He can't walk any other way'" (Lois Lowry The Messenger page 73) This an example of the theme because the women used to be a nice person but because she traded for a gaming machine she became a mean person. Also we saw that Mentor used to be a great guy who loved children even ones who were hard to teach but when he traded he stopped tolerating new people which is bad.

Matty

Matty is character from the story that precedes The Messenger, Gathering blue. Now Matty is the main character in gathering blue. Since the earlier book Matty has aged to approximately 12 years old and has matured as well but is still childish in some ways. In the story it says,"Matty was no longer a boy, but no longer a man. sometimes, standing outside the home place , he measured himself against the window. Once he had stood only to the sill, his forehead there pressing into the wood, but now he was tall he could see inside without effort.Or moving back high grass, he could see himself reflected in the glass pane his face was becoming manly, he thought, though childishly he still enjoyed making scowls and frowns at his own reflection. His voice was deepening." (Lois Lowry The Messenger Page 2) Other things we know about his personality is that he is selfless in the sense that he does stuff for other people for example he wanted to heal Kira's leg even though it would use up a lot of his energy and also he still guided Kira through the forest even though he knew he would die . We know this because in the text it says,"He knew he would have to reenter forest and return by those same dark paths that now seemed so ominous. He would have to lead Kira trough, to the safety of her future with her father. And he knew suddenly that it would be his last journey in that place."(Lois Lowry The messenger page 124) Also in the end of the story all though I'm sure Matty didn't do it 100% on purpose Matty gives his life to save Village from itself. Other important things to know about Matty are, Matty is a static character and a protagonist, he is motivated by his curiosity and his loved ones.

Seer

Seer is also a character in Gathering blue but in that story he is known as Christopher who is Kira father. We know this because in story it says,"He [Matty] lived with a blind man, the one they called seer." This proves that he is Kira's father because in the previous book Kira's father was blind and Matty and him had to run away from their original village to Village to protect his identity. Also he say's Kira is his daughter," My daughter. She said she would come here to live when the time was right. You know he she had things to accomplish there first."(Lois Lowry The Messenger page 100) Also in this quote he says that she had things to accomplish which is exactly why she did not come with them to Village in the previous book.Seer is a static character and protagonist, that motivated by his loved ones. Also seer guides the main character through out the story with his wisdom. Seer is a very wise person he like a father to Matty, He even admits to feeling that Matty's is his son,"Matty is like a son to me. It's as if both my children are out there"(Lois Lowry The Messenger page 148) Seer is wise, through out the story he tells people good advice especially Matty (If you don't believe me read pages 23-28 of The Messenger for just one example).

Mentor

Mentor is a Dynamic Character he under goes a huge change in personality making him the antagonist of the story who is only motivated by his own selfish ambitions. In the beginning Mentor was a really humble and patient guy who taught children how to behave and the English language (I'm assuming). But he did have flaws he according to hes description he seems like an elderly person plus he had a pink birth mark that stretched across his face,"Mentor stooped once more and balding wave to her from the path where he was walking toward the schoolhouse with a book in his hand. His face stained again with the Birthmark, and poetry had returned to him."(Los Lowry The Messenger pages 184 +185).But no matter how much he didn't care about his other flaws one big flaw that bared caused him to change his personality he was lonely. This is were he starts to change for the worse Mentor fell in love with the stock tenders widow. So to win her over he went to trade mart a place were you can trade your personalities for things. In Mentors case he traded his deepest self to look more attractive and didn't stop just after doing it once he kept doing losing more of himself in the text t says,"The puppy once he would have loved a naughty puppy, Matty the way he loved you when you were a raggedy boy. I knew for certain yesterday when he kicked the puppy. Till then I only suspected.' Jean wiped her eyes with the back of her hand and left another endearing streak of dirt. 'and the petition!' Matty added, thinking of it suddenly. 'Yes. Father always welcomed new ones. It was the most wonderful part of father, how he cared for everyone and tried to help them learn. But now..."(Lois Lowry The Messenger page 77) This quote obviously proves how bad he became but luck for him in the last few pages he gets changed back to who he used to be from the power of Matty's gift.

Leader

Leader is Jonas from the first book in the First book, The Giver by Lois Lowry we know this because in the text it states, “The Museum held remains of a broken sled in a glass case and the inscription explained that it had been Leader’s arrival vehicle” (Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page). The quote proves that Leader is Jonas because it isn’t a coincidence that both Leader and Jonas arrived in a sled. It also says, “The first time I saw beyond? It was an apple” Lois Lowery the Messenger Page 103). This matches up with Jonas because they both see beyond and both saw and apple first which implies Leader is Jonas. Leader is leader of Village (Hence the name Leader). As the leader, Leader has a lot of responsibilities that all leaders face. Keeping the peace alerting his neighboring establishments of things that will affect them, prolonging Village, and serving his people (Village is democracy, in the text it states, “They’ll be voting tomorrow” (Lois Lowry, The Messenger page 89)). But the most interesting thing about him is his gift. In the text it states, “Finally leader turned to Matty standing beside him. ‘He’s told you that I see beyond, hasn’t he?” This gift him is exactly what it would seem to be he can see farther then his normal eyes can. He can even see what’s going on in surrounding Villages with no obstructions in his way. But it drains his energy and it takes him time to gain it back each tie he does it. Another quality leader possess is he is loyal friend. Even when the forest was extremely dangerous to pass he still did to help his friends. Leader is motivated by what he believes what best for Village he is a static character and a protagonist in the story. He motivates the story by giving Matty missions.

Kira

Kira is Matty’s friend in the previous book gathering blue she was the main character in the previous book Gathering blue. Kira has been deformed since birth, one of her legs is twisted so she can’t walk without a walking stick but she does not let that stop her from helping others. Since the last book she has cleaned up her village made it a better place for everyone. She got rid of the Fen (The village’s equivalent to the ghetto). She has gotten rid of all prejudice towards deformities. Also a problem she got rid of that was directly discussed was the sexism in the village in the text it says, “… he knew then for certain how this village was, for in the earlier days, girls had not been allowed to learn. ”(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, Page 126) She is also a kind person in the story she takes care of Matty after her journey by feeding him and his dog plus letting him sleep where she lived and for as long as she is in the story she is helping someone. Her motivation to do what she does in the story is she misses her father and feels she has accomplished everything in her village. She is a static character and a protagonist.

Climax

The Climax of the story is when Matty Forces all his energy into the ground and then heals the Forest and Village. This is the Climax because the conflict is resolved. In the text it says, “He gave himself to it willingly, traded himself for all that he loved and valued and felt free” in this part of the story Matty just died all his energy just healed the village, making it the way the was before the majority of the people became greedy by making everyone normal, which means the conflict was resolved. Also we know it the Climax because it’s the most suspenseful part of the story just before Matty was already dying Kira was going into a comma Leader was entangled and Frolic was dead. All seemed lost. Then suddenly Matty started to do something just out of the blue, which was healing Forest and Village. Finally we know it’s the Climax because the falling action begins immediately afterwards. The tension dies down Matty is at peace and we see exactly how the conflict was resolved.

Setting

The setting of The Messenger by Lois Lowery takes place in a village called Village, next to a forest that will grab you and kill you if it doesn't want you to pass,"Heading for the path that entered the forest at the edge of Village"(Lois Lowry The messenger). Also the the story is set approximately eight year since the giver we know the because in the text it says,"... Mentor the school teacher gently tutored a mischievous eight-your-old named Gabe"(Lois Lowry The Messenger Page 20)This quote proves that it has been eight years since the giver because Gabe was just born during the giver and is now eight-years-old meaning it been eight years. Also it been six years since Gathering Blue. Though it doesn't say it in the book in the summary it says,"Since Matty arrived in Village six years ago,"...(Lois Lowry The Messenger.) This quote is referring to the first time Matty ever visited Village in Gathering Blue so it has to have been six years.

Conflict

The major conflict in the story is Matty and his friends’ .v. society. In the text the majority of the people in the story are becoming greedy people who don’t want to share any of Villages things with new comers any more, in the text the villagers say, “We need all our fish for ourselves. Our school is not big enough to teach their children, too; only our own. They can’t even speak right .We can’t understand them. They have too many needs. We don’t want to take care of them.”(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 94). When Matty and his friends, want Village to remain the same way it was. They wanted a society without greed a society that welcomed everyone into its borders.

Solution

The solution to the conflict was simple but costed Matty his life. In the story Matty has the power to heal things trough touch. In Gathering blue and The Messenger, Matty has healed two puppies, and frog. Throughout the story he was talking about how he didn’t know what to do with his power. But at the climax he uses to healing power to heal Forest and Village setting everything back to before everyone become greedy. But to do so he had to sacrifice himself because it exhausted all the energy in his body. In the text it states, “He saw Jean, beside her garden, call out to her father; and he saw Mentor, stooped once more, and balding, wave to her from the path where he was walking toward the schoolhouse with a book in his hands. His face was stained again with the birthmark, and poetry had returned to him. Matty heard him recite: Today, the road all the runners come, Shoulder-high we bring you home, And set you at your threshold down, Townsman of a stiller town. He saw the wall builders walk away from their work. He heard the new ones singing in their own languages – a hundred different tongues, but they understood one another. He saw the scarred women standing proudly in their midst beside her son, and the people of Village gathered to listen.”(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 184&185) After dying Matty witnessed how healing Village brought it back to normal.

Flashback/Foreshadowing

There is a flash back in the messenger it is a scene when Matty and Ramon are talking about Gatherer's death in chapter two. This flash back was important because it discussed how gruesome it was if the forest did want you venturing in it when they spoke about gatherer's death also it teaches that an important part to their culture is respecting the dead when they talk about them keening gatherer. (Chanting around him). Also in the book leader talking about the forest becoming thicker in thicker foreshadowed Matty's death,"Forrest is thickening', Leader said". This foreshadows Matty's death because as soon as Matty is going to leave the something ominous happens in the forest.

Symbolism

Ø Forest: The outcome of greed. “It [The forest] was a tangled knot of fears and deceits and dark struggles for power that had disguised itself and almost destroyed everything.

Ø Matty (A.K.A. Healer): Selflessness. This because Matty has to go through hardships and sacrifice to reach his goal and when someone is selfless they must endure hardships and sacrifice a lot things for others.)

Ø Mentor: How greed changes people. In the story Mentor goes through an extreme amount of negative changes as a result of greed.In the text it says"The puppy once he would have loved a naughty puppy, Matty the way he loved you when you were a raggedy boy. I knew for certain yesterday when he kicked the puppy. Till then I only suspected.' Jean wiped her eyes with the back of her hand and left another endearing streak of dirt. 'and the petition!' Matty added, thinking of it suddenly. 'Yes. Father always welcomed new ones. It was the most wonderful part of father, how he cared for everyone and tried to help them learn. But now..."(Lois Lowry The Messenger page 77)

Ø Village: People, The Village represents people because that is what changes depending on the situation just like people.

Tone

The tone of The Messenger is excited. This is because the author writes at a fast pace using smaller sentences with average vocabulary level. In the text its states, “But didn’t he know what would happen? Hadn’t he received Warnings?” (Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 17) This proves what I said earlier because it is exactly as I described the sentence structure. Since the author puts a lot of detail for such small sentences makes pace a lot faster because the readers have to comprehend a lot of information in the short time that they read it. So the tone is defiantly excited because of how fast paced the story is. Another example is,” Ramon called to Matty but didn’t stop. He was hurrying past eager to get to the Villages entrance place, where new ones always come in.” Another reason the tone is excited is that the author is describing exciting things whether it’s a massive crowd forming or a suspicious gathering.

Mood

The mood is intense. The author makes what’s going on to the character constantly intense. Even the most tedious of parts still has a level of intensity that comes from a sort of suspense. In the text it says, “It began with the tiniest sensation. It was different from the larger feeling s that still racked his body: the searing agony in his arms and hands, the almost unendurable ulceration of his parched mouth, the feverish pounding of his head.”(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 183). The author writes thrilling events with imagery that makes even the dullest imagination can image extremely intense things plus the excited tone helps make it more intense.

The point of view and perspective.

The story the messenger is told form the perspective of Matty in the third person.In the text it states,"he knew he would not reenter the forest and return by those same dark paths that now seemed so ominous." (Lois Lowery The Messenger page 124) We know its being told in Matty's point of view because Its just his opinion and what he's thinking. We know Its in third person point of view because the text uses pronoun he in stead of I. Also because the text is talking about him instead of him talking (or thinking) about whats going on. The story is most likely written in Matty's perspective because he is around during all the major events. But when he isn't around for something the author briefly changes the perspective to some one else. For example in the following quote the perspective has been changed to leaders. quote,"" Leader walked forward. He wiped his face with his hands and felt the lesions fade, as if they had been cleansed away."(Lois Lowery The messenger page 184 )

The Gaming Machine

I thought I would take about pages 23-28 this stood out me because it helped us get to know Seer and Matty better. In the text it states,"If we had a a gaming Machine,' Matty commented in a studied of hand manner, 'our evenings would never be boring' 'You think our evenings are boring,Matty? I thought you enjoyed reading together. 'Seer laughed, and corrected himself. 'Sorry. I meant your reading to me, Matty, and my listening. It's my favorite time of day.' Matty shrugged. 'No, I like reading to you, Seer. But I meant it's not exciting."(Lois Lowry The messenger page 24) In just this part of the section alone we learn that Seer and Matty have strong bond with each other. That Seer isn't depressed about being blind in fact he laughs about about it when he say's something that implies him looking at something which teaches us that he sense of humor. Also we learn that Seer is wise and cares about Matty based on what he say's during the 23-28. Also we learn a lot more about Matty. We learn he wants the things his friends has which makes a more relatable to wide amount of people. Also we learn that he makes a lot of excuses comments to get what he wants he also uses form of trickery too proving once again why Matty is still childish.

Jean opening up.

Another part of the book I felt was important was when jean opened up to Matty. In the text it says,"The puppy once he would have loved a naughty puppy, Matty the way he loved you when you were a raggedy boy. I knew for certain yesterday when he kicked the puppy. Till then I only suspected.' Jean wiped her eyes with the back of her hand and left another endearing streak of dirt. 'and the petition!' Matty added, thinking of it suddenly. 'Yes. Father always welcomed new ones. It was the most wonderful part of father, how he cared for everyone and tried to help them learn. But now..."(Lois Lowry The Messenger page 77) This part of the book is defiantly an important part of the story. In this part we see exactly how cold Mentor has become. Also it shows how its effecting the people around him whether its the puppy who was kicked or the how troubled jean feels about her father changing. Also in the story it states,"He [Matty] felt himself awash with affection for Jean." Though Matty and jeans relationship isn't really important to the coarse of the story it just shows us another relationship that Matty had to give to so hat way she would lead a better life.

Matty's Sacrifice

Matty’s sacrifice is an extremely important part of the story. In the text it states, “He saw Jean, beside her garden, call out to her father; and he saw Mentor, stooped once more, and balding, wave to her from the path where he was walking toward the schoolhouse with a book in his hands. His face was stained again with the birthmark, and poetry had returned to him. Matty heard him recite: Today, the road all the runners come, Shoulder-high we bring you home, And set you at your threshold down, Townsman of a stiller town. He saw the wall builders walk away from their work. He heard the new ones singing in their own languages – a hundred different tongues, but they understood one another. He saw the scarred women standing proudly in their midst beside her son, and the people of Village gathered to listen.”(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 184&185) This quote proves its importance because as result of Matty sacrifice the Village was saved. Everything returned to normal meaning the conflict was solved. Since this part is the climax it is the most important part.

Gatherer's Death

Gatherers death I think is an important part of the story. In the text it states, “Did you keen? I think we may have heard you.’ ‘Yes. They had enough. But since I was there, they let me join I have this cough, though I only went because I wanted to see the body.”(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 16) In this part of the story we learn about one of Village’s cultural values keening the dead. Also though at the time we don’t realize it when read it we see that Ramon’s parents traded their children’s health for the gaming machine because when they traded Ramon developed a cough which would later become a great illness inside him later on in the story. Also later on when Ramon describes Gathers corps and we learn just how gruesome it was to be killed by the forest.

The arrival of the new ones

The new ones arriving stood out to me for many reasons. In the text it says,"... a small group of people Matty recognized- with Mentor leading them- came forward, chanting, 'Close. Close. No more. No more."(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 54) This part is important because it's the first protest against keeping the borders open. This sets up the conflict so the exposition has ended here and the rising action begins also making it an important event. Also in the text it says," Her face was dirty and her hair uncombed. She held the hand of a younger child whose eye's were thick with yellow mucus"(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 54) his part of the story is kind of important for the reader because it helps the reader understand a 2 important things. For one as far as we know the people who were journeyed across the forest weren't being targeted by the forest meaning the journey across is already extremely horrible thing to under go. A second thing it puts in perspective is how skilled or at least favored by Forest Matty was. Think about all these people are beat up from trying to cross, but in the text it says."In the past he had always - what would the word be? strolled - from from forest, sometimes whistling." (Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 124). This means Matty could go across Forest to Villages far and wide without any problems. Forest had extreme favor for Matty.

Trade Mart

I think Matty's experience a trade mart is also an important part of the story. In the text it says,"He [Mentor] pushed ahead of everyone and went first" Even though it not the most important event Mentor is begging change and with out small changes like this snow balling he would never become the antagonist of the story. Also in the text it states,"Something was different," he said.'She's a nice women the one who got the Gaming Machine.' 'Yes, she is.Gentle.Cheerful.Very loving to her husband.' 'Well,' said Matty slowly,'when she was leaving, walking and talking with other women , and her husband behind trying to keep up, she whirled around suddenly and scolded him for being slow.' 'Slow? But he's all twisted. He can't walk any other way'" (Lois Lowry The Messenger page 73) This is important part of the story because it shows us how trade mart is makes people negative. Also it gives an explanation as to why everyone is changing.

Me and Ramon.

I think the character Ramon and me easily. In the text it states, “Ramon spoke in the self-important tone of one who likes being a conveyor of news. Matty was very fond of friend but sometimes suspected that true name might eventually turn of out to be boaster.”(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 14) This is a quality I think Ramon and me where both relatively good friends but its thing like being self-important and other qualities that annoy our friends and family (Though I probably more aware of them and more ashamed of some of them). Also in the text it states, “Did you keen? I think we may have heard you.’ ‘Yes. They had enough. But since I was there, they let me join”… “I only went because I wanted to see the body.”(Lois Lowry, The Messenger, page 16) Another thing we have in common is curiosity and we both pay close attention to detail when it suits us. It takes a real psychos like us stare at gruesome dead body and not feel too bad about them and care more about mentally recording every aspect about his death and not get paid for it.

Different setting

If the setting had changed the story would be different in a lot of aspects. For example if it took place in Kira's village the story would not have been able to happen the same way. This because Matty would be completely unaffected by anything going on in Village because he wouldn't be living there. So even if Mentor was going to close of the borders Matty wouldn't have to care about it, with the exception of Kira's father being in Village. Meaning the only aspect of the story could be similar to the Original story is that Matty would have to get Kira back to Village because in the actual story Seer says this,"My daughter, She said some day she would come here to live"(Lois Lowry The Messenger page 100) and since Kira and seer have only spoken with each other once before The Messenger began it seems the Kira and Matty would rush to Village if they heard that the borders were closing to live with her dad. But the rest of the story would be different for example Matty would still be living in the Fen (Kira's village's equivalent to the ghetto) Meaning he would still be immature he would still get into lots of trouble and he would still be illiterate. Not to mention, there is not enough evidence to prove it but there is a chance he might never learn to use his gift which will result in Kira and Matty dyeing in the Forrest.

Different point of view/Perspective.

The story The Messenger is told from Matty's perspective. But if it was told by Mentor it would be different. Mentor starts out as nice guy but he was lonely so he ended up losing his deeper self trying to win the stock tenders widows love. Mentor towards the climax wants to close off the borders of Village. (For more info on mentor look at the post all about him.) In the text Mentor says,"Close. Close. No more. No more."(Lois Lowry The Messenger Page 54) to stop people from letting in New comers. Since Mentor is going threw these new and sudden personality changes the story would be about him changing his personality leading up to him Closing off the boarders of Village. Only to be changed back to his normal self by Matty towards the end and would have to realize that he was wrong. This would change the meaning to, you should always welcome normal and different people.

rewrite #1 (Pages 52- 54)

New ones are coming! Someone yelled. Mentor groaned he had been sleeping. The world seemed to spin around, then it stopped and Mentor got up to see what was happening. He looked out his window he didn’t hear the boy yell but when he got a glimpse of a raggedy girl and the crowd that was forming he knew exactly what was going on. He rushed and got dressed he complained to himself as he did it. He said, “I will not stand for this, I’m not going put up with more new ones.” He rushed out the door; he started chanting, “Close. Close No more. No more.” He chanted louder as more people joined him. The welcoming group was uncertain how to react. They continued to smile at the new ones and reach forward to take their hands. But the chant made everyone uncomfortable.

rewrite#2 (Page 75)

Matty finally came for his puppy Jean thought, “He’s shut in the shed. Did you bring a rope to bring him home” Jean yelled to Matty. Matty replied, “Don’t need one. He’ll follow his way with dogs.” Jean got up from tending to her garden, she giggled to herself about what Matty said but her father still troubled her mind. “I wish I did” she said, “I can’t control him at all. He’s grown so fast, and he’s very strong and determined. My father is beside himself, wanting such a wild thing gone.” Matty grinned at what she said. Jean wanted tell him about her father but wasn’t sure if she should.

cultural values

Village has important cultural values. One is to respect and take care of the less fortunate people. In the story it says,"We were all of us new once ,' He said with a smile, 'except for Youngsters who have been born here. ' We Know what you've been through. 'You will no longer be hungry You will no longer live under unfair rule. You will never be persecuted again. 'We are honored to have you among us. Welcome to your new home. Welcome to Village. " (Lois Lowry The Messenger page 55) The quote tells us that the citizens of Village are honored to be among the new ones who are all injured and ill from their journey it also says that they will be taken care of.

Other values are to respect the dead and to fear the forest. we know these are values as well because the citizens chant when some one dies for hours sometimes and people are very cautious when being around the Forrest because it could try to kill them.