By: Arnold Sandoval
An idealistic philosophical and social movement that developed in New England around 1836 in reaction to rationalism. Influenced by romanticism, Platonism, and Kantian philosophy, it taught that divinity pervades all nature and humanity, and its members held progressive views on feminism and communal living.
- 100,000 individuals formed utopian communities in an effort to create perfect societies. The idea of a perfect society intertwined with communalism can be traced back to Plato's Republic, the book of Actsin the New Testament, and the work of Sir Thomas More. The years 1820 to 1860 saw the heydey of this movement with the creation of numerous communities.