The Enlightened Life

By: Sydney Hannings

Music in the 1700's

Also known as the Classical Period, having styles such as Galant, a simple of direct style of music, Sentimental Style, reflecting feelings and situations of daily life, and Opera, often ending in a happy resolution.

Johann Sebastian Bach

He was born on March 21, 1685, in Eisenach, which is now Germany. Several of his most famous works are, Saint Brandenburg Concertos, St. Matthew Passion, Goldberg Variations, Cantata No.21, Pachelbel's Cannon in D Major, and Six Cello Suites.

George Frederick Handel

He was born on February 23, 1685, in Halle, Germany. Several of his most famous works are, Waft Her Angels, The Trumpet Shall Sound, Concerto Grosso Op.6 No.6, Sarabande, and Water Music Suite, Air.

Wolfgang Amadeus Motzart

He was born on born January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria. Several of his most famous works are, Symphony No.36 in C, Piano Sonata No.11, Symphony No.41 in C, and Overture from the Marriage of Figaro.

Artwork in the 1700's

Also known as the Romanticism period, there were many styles of music, but the ones that are most known are Baroque and Rococo.

Baroque

Baroque art intended to be large-scale works of public art, such as monumental wall paintings and huge frescoes for the ceilings of vaults of palaces and churches and were full of excitement. They exemplified battles and the lives of saints. Some famous works are, The Ecstasy of St. Theresa, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Judith Slaying Holofernes, by Artemisia Gentileschi, and The Lute Player, by Caravaggio.

Rococo

Rococo is small-scale, elegant, and charming artwork used for architecture and decoration. Some famous works are, The Swing, by Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Duchess of Alba, by Francisco de Goya, and An Autumn Pastoral, by Francois Boucher.

Peasant Life

The life of peasants were divided between salves and serfs and there was a very noticeable difference.

Work

Peasants that were considered salves lacked most of the freedom that the serfs enjoyed, such as having families. Majority worked three days a week in their lords land, but they would end up work longer periods of time during the harvest and plantation seasons. Those who were full-time servants would work every day of the week, and take a break on Sunday to attend mass. Serfdom was considered hereditary and one would be tied to their owner's land unless he/she had enough money to purchase land of their own, or if they married a free person. In the Middle Ages, peasant life was confined to manors and they lived there with their families. All of the lords who had peasants were a great influence on their lives, determining whether or not they earned a living. The land the peasants worked on were split in two, demense, which was land where the peasants worked, and other land where all of the peasants lived. They toiled land and tended to horses and cattle in the meadows. Many of the working peasants didn't do much other than working, going to church, and occasional celebrations. They hardly ever traveled outside their villages, but they had a sense of community among themselves.

Food

Peasants ate a very watery porridge called gruel. Besides the gruel, they ate homemade bread out of ale or mead, a honey wine made out of honey, ale, water, yeast, and any kind of grape you prefer. They mainly ate the food they grew themselves, but very few could buy food from the townsfolk that was locally grown. To sum up the diet of a peasant it was mainly;
  • Rye of barely bread
  • Pottage
  • Dairy products (milk and cheese products)
  • Meat (pork, beef, lamb)
  • Fish (if there was access to rivers or seas)
  • Home grown vegetables and herbs
  • Nuts
  • Honey

Entertainment

Entertainment for peasants didn't happen very often, but when they had a chance they would play chess and checkers, they would hunt, and they would do archery. Sometimes the feudal lords would hold tournaments and on certain holidays like, Mayday, Midsummer's Eve, Christmas, Easter, and Harvest Home, they would have small banquets where there would be jesters, dancers, acrobats, and jugglers. Sometimes the church would hold services and festivals also.

Citations

"2 / Dreams and Visions." Art Through Time: A Global View. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"Baroque Art (c.1600-1700)." Baroque Art: Definition, Styles, History. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"The Difference Between Baroque and Rococo Art." The Seventeenth Century Lady. N.p., n.d. Web.

"George Handel." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"Handel: His Best 10 Pieces of Music." Classic FM. Global Limited, n.d. Web.

"The J.S. Bach Home Page." The J.S. Bach Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"Music of the Classical Period." About.com Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"Peasant Life In The Middle Ages." Peasant Life In The Middle Ages. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

Sinfini Music. Sinfini, n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"Top 10 Bach's Greatest Works." Sinfini Music. Sinfini, n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"Wolfgang Motzart." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.